Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Macmillan's Magazine

No description
by

Katie Brand

on 17 September 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Macmillan's Magazine

E. Ray Lankester
"The science which deals with all influences that improve the inborn qualities of a race; also with those that develop them to the utmost advantage."
Degeneration
Work Cited
Francis Galton
He coined the term Eugenics in 1883


He believed that the human race could help direct its future by selectively breeding individuals with "desired" traits


From Galton's study of upper class Britain, he concluded that an elite position in society was due to a good genetic make up
$1.25
June, 1865
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Eugenics
History of Evolution and Eugenics
The Vital Importance of Eugenics
(1933)
Julian Huxley
The ideas of eugenics were initially proposed by Sir Francis Galton in his article,
Hereditary Character and Talent
(1865), which was published in Macmillan's Magazine


Eugenics claimed that particular racial or social groups were "naturally" superior to other groups


They proposed to control human hereditary
He was a British evolutionary biologist and eugenicist
A leading figure in the mid-twenith century eugenics
Macmillan's Magazine
Francis Galton - 1904
In 1959 Charles Darwin published
On the Origin of Species
which stated his theory that all species of organisms arise and develop through the natural selection


Social Darwinism is the theory that individuals, groups, and people are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals
Herbert Spencer was a leading advocate
Darwinism
In
The Vital Importance of Eugenics
Argued that mentally defective or "feeble minded" do not produce children


Advocates for the prohibition of marriage of the unfit, segragation of institutions containing degenerate individuals, and sterilization of the unfit


He believes that natural selection is uneffective "cruel and uneconomical", and to reach the goals of eugenics we have to prevent the breeding of "undesirable" characteristics
He believed that evolution could work in the opposite direction

Argued that detremental traits are passed on to other generations more often then beneficial traits are

As less desirable traits are passed down per generation, the human generation begins to revert back to the animals they once were
Modern Day Eugenics
There are still studies being conducted today with the purpose of improving the human race


Even thought the general population does not approve of the studies of eugenics, there have been positive results from these, such as the creation of the human genome project
Germany
World Views about Eugenics
England
USA
In aiming to create a superior race, Hitler and the Nazi party killed millions during WWII


President Theodore Roosevelt
: "I wish very much that the wrong people could be prevented entirely from breeding [...] Criminals should be sterilised and feeble-minded persons forbidden to leave offspring behind them" (When America Believed in Eugenics)
The existence of disabled people were seen as a threat to social progress
Carried the ideas about eugenics further by killing those who he deemed "unfit" for society
Hitler developed his ideas from the works of Charles Darwin and Eugenics

1907 Immigration law denied entry to those judged "mentally or physically defective"
Sterilization laws (1907) prevented "unfit" offspring
Americans warned that overbreeding by the poor and disabled threatened the quality of the human race
British Eugenics Society aimed to promote research and understanding of Eugenics
People feared that offering medical treatment and services to the disabled would undermine the natural struggle for existence, leading to the degeneration of the human race
In The Descent of Man,
Charles Darwin
wrote: "We civilised men.... do our utmost to check the process of elimination; we build asylums for the imbecile, the maimed and the sick.. .Thus the weak members of society propagate their kind."
""Eugenics: Its Definition, Scope and Aims" by Francis Galton." "Eugenics: Its Definition, Scope and Aims" by Francis Galton. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
"Francis Galton." Francis Galton. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
"Human Genome Project." Human Genome Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
"Introduction to Eugenics - Genetics Generation." Genetics Generation. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
"The Eugenics Movement Britain Wants to Forget." The Eugenics Movement Britain Wants to Forget. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
"When America Believed in Eugenics." When America Believed in Eugenics. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
("Francis Galton")
(The Eugenics Movement Britain Wants to Forget)
(Eugenics)
(Introductino to Eugenics)
(Humane Genoe Project)
Full transcript