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Transcript of Macmillan's Magazine
"The science which deals with all influences that improve the inborn qualities of a race; also with those that develop them to the utmost advantage."
He coined the term Eugenics in 1883
He believed that the human race could help direct its future by selectively breeding individuals with "desired" traits
From Galton's study of upper class Britain, he concluded that an elite position in society was due to a good genetic make up
Vol XCIII, No. 311
History of Evolution and Eugenics
The Vital Importance of Eugenics
The ideas of eugenics were initially proposed by Sir Francis Galton in his article,
Hereditary Character and Talent
(1865), which was published in Macmillan's Magazine
Eugenics claimed that particular racial or social groups were "naturally" superior to other groups
They proposed to control human hereditary
He was a British evolutionary biologist and eugenicist
A leading figure in the mid-twenith century eugenics
Francis Galton - 1904
In 1959 Charles Darwin published
On the Origin of Species
which stated his theory that all species of organisms arise and develop through the natural selection
Social Darwinism is the theory that individuals, groups, and people are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals
Herbert Spencer was a leading advocate
The Vital Importance of Eugenics
Argued that mentally defective or "feeble minded" do not produce children
Advocates for the prohibition of marriage of the unfit, segragation of institutions containing degenerate individuals, and sterilization of the unfit
He believes that natural selection is uneffective "cruel and uneconomical", and to reach the goals of eugenics we have to prevent the breeding of "undesirable" characteristics
He believed that evolution could work in the opposite direction
Argued that detremental traits are passed on to other generations more often then beneficial traits are
As less desirable traits are passed down per generation, the human generation begins to revert back to the animals they once were
Modern Day Eugenics
There are still studies being conducted today with the purpose of improving the human race
Even thought the general population does not approve of the studies of eugenics, there have been positive results from these, such as the creation of the human genome project
World Views about Eugenics
In aiming to create a superior race, Hitler and the Nazi party killed millions during WWII
President Theodore Roosevelt
: "I wish very much that the wrong people could be prevented entirely from breeding [...] Criminals should be sterilised and feeble-minded persons forbidden to leave offspring behind them" (When America Believed in Eugenics)
The existence of disabled people were seen as a threat to social progress
Carried the ideas about eugenics further by killing those who he deemed "unfit" for society
Hitler developed his ideas from the works of Charles Darwin and Eugenics
1907 Immigration law denied entry to those judged "mentally or physically defective"
Sterilization laws (1907) prevented "unfit" offspring
Americans warned that overbreeding by the poor and disabled threatened the quality of the human race
British Eugenics Society aimed to promote research and understanding of Eugenics
People feared that offering medical treatment and services to the disabled would undermine the natural struggle for existence, leading to the degeneration of the human race
In The Descent of Man,
wrote: "We civilised men.... do our utmost to check the process of elimination; we build asylums for the imbecile, the maimed and the sick.. .Thus the weak members of society propagate their kind."
""Eugenics: Its Definition, Scope and Aims" by Francis Galton." "Eugenics: Its Definition, Scope and Aims" by Francis Galton. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
"Francis Galton." Francis Galton. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
"Human Genome Project." Human Genome Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
"Introduction to Eugenics - Genetics Generation." Genetics Generation. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
"The Eugenics Movement Britain Wants to Forget." The Eugenics Movement Britain Wants to Forget. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
"When America Believed in Eugenics." When America Believed in Eugenics. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
(The Eugenics Movement Britain Wants to Forget)
(Introductino to Eugenics)
(Humane Genoe Project)