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Camille Thomas

on 27 October 2014

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Transcript of China

Family Ecology in a Global Perspective
Chinese Traditions
Lunar New Year:

Lantern Festival
Geography of China
Geographic Regions of China
China is broken up into three distinct regions

1. River Lowlands
2. Dry (Arid) Region
3. Highlands
Arid China
Highland China
River Lowlands
Many different styles of music that have shaped culture throughout China
Many different genres, C-pop, Classical, Hip hop, Traditional, Folk, Ritual
Uyghur music is based off a seven note scale and has more complex rhythmic beats and is a type of folk music
Demographics of China
The Demographics of China from 2010 are much like the patterns today
The barrel helps portray the rapid change in population
There is about 1.3 billion people who live in China
Population of people over 65yrs is about 10%.
Today the life expectancy for men is 73yrs and women 77yrs
China's One Child Policy has effected the demographics of China as you can see the female population is less because most would keep their first born son to help the family work and supply needs.
China relies heavily on their own made products and exports to other countries
Much of our items in the US are from China which is one reason why their economy is quickly exceeding ours
China's Economy
Based on currency China's GDP is $9,469,124(US Dollars in Millions)
DEFINITION of 'Gross Domestic Product - GDP' The monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period, though GDP is usually calculated on an annual basis
1 Yuan (China's Currency) is equal to $0.16

Flora and Fauna
One of the most extensive ranges of tropical and temperate plants in the world
Chinese Gardens have existed for over 3,000 years and express the harmony that should exist between man and nature
Natural Resources
Three Gorges Dam is a major hydroelectric dam that spans the Yangtze River
Leads the world in renewable energy
12% of the worlds mineral resources
China has a deposit of almost every naturally occurring mineral in the world
When I think of Chinese food I would usually just think of the quick American version of rice or noodles, general Tao's chicken, and an egg roll. But there is much, much more than just that in China. The History of Chinese cuisine goes back thousands of years and has greatly evolved from period to period according to climate, imperial fashions, and local preferences. Also, over time, Chinese people picked up different techniques and ingredients of other cultures through trade and imperial expansion.

Chinese people rarely eat with a fork or knife because those are viewed as weapons. So instead they eat with chop sticks. This is also a reason majority of Chinese cuisine is prepared in small pieces of meat and vegetables because they are easier to grab with chop sticks.
Chinese Cuisine is composed of eight different styles of foods which include Anhui, Cantonese, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Szechuan, and Zhejiang cuisines.
Anhui Cuisine
Anhui Cuisine is derived from the Huangshan mountain region of China. It is known for its common use of wild herbs from the land and the sea. Auhui Cuisine generally has a more simple method of preparation such as braising or stewing.
Cantonese Cuisine
The most popular festival/ holiday in China
Chinese families from all over get together to celebrate
Families make Laba Porridge
Families decorate homes and businesses
Buy new clothing
Post religious pictures to ward off spirits
This days most important feature is lighting of the lanterns.
Originates from Han dynasty
Various Lanterns are hung up and illuminated throughout China
Attracts thousands of visitors
Guessing Lantern riddle activities
Families make Yuanxiao
Dragon and Lion dance performances
Qingming Festival
Day of Sacrifice for the Chinese people
Chinese people offer sacrifice to ancestors who have passed
decoration of the tombs
families will not cook
burn incense and bow before the memorial tablet
enjoy the hope of spring, it is followed by heavy rainfall and growth
The Mid-Autumn Festival
Families and loved ones reuniting
Longing for a better life
Making moon cakes
Moon is noted for its size
Crops and fruits are ripe and growing
family and friends gather to eat, gaze upon the moon, and talk about life
Quiz Questions
1. What's the capitol of China?
2. What's the estimated population of China?
3. What are the three geographical regions of China?
4. How many different styles of chinese cuisine are there?
5. What's the family form for traditional China and modern China?
6. What are two rare animals found in China?
Traditional Chinese dance
7. What is the most popular Chinese holiday?
The Dragon Dance
Popular not only in China but across the globe
Incorporates acrobatic dancing and leaping
most performances require large groups
Body is lit up
The Lion Dance
By far the most popular dance in all of China
requires less people to carry out
Differences between the North and South China styles
Used for many different celebrations
Stilt Walking
Very popular among people of Han ethnicity
Involves dancing with 2 large stilts
delight for children and families
done at large festivals
performances at opera shows
For traditional China
Extended Family
6 important points about traditional family
Prescriptively Virilocal
Kinship Group
Sharing a Common Household Budget
Normatively Extended in Form
For modern China
Nuclear Family
Only parents and Children
Rarely with grandparents
Who domain the family?
The Role of Men
Considered strong and intelligent
Leaders of families
Honored for wisdom and strength
Ran government
Craft making soldiers
Take care of and protect the weak

The Role of Women
Considered weak and unintelligent
Suppose to serve the needs of men
Put other first and herself last
Care taker of her husband
Should educate themselves
4 qualifications of a good woman
womanly virtue – modesty pure thought, act, and word
womanly words – choose words carefully, speak at the right time
womanly bearing – bathe regularly, clean clothes
womanly work—likes sewing and weaving, no gossip, prepare food for guests
Changes since 1978
When Western society thinks of Chinese food, they tend to think of Cantonese style cooking. Cantonese Cuisine comes from the Guangdong providence. Cantonese foods are made of almost any edible meats and vegetables. It is usually prepared by steaming or currently the most popular method is stir frying. Cantonese foods rarely have any spices or herbs added to the food and chefs try to serve it with very small amounts of grease.
Open door policy

Fujian Cuisine
Fuijian Cuisine comes from along the coastline of southeast China. It emphasizes seafood, river fish, and shrimp. The cooking methods are stewing, boiling, and steaming. It is often served as a soup.
Hunan Cuisine
Hunan cuisine comes from the Xiang River region and is well known for its hot, spicy flavors, and fresh aroma. It is most commonly prepared by stewing, frying, and pot roasting.
Jiangsu Cuisine
Jiangsu Cuisine is known for its soft texture of meats. Not soft as in mushy or gooey, but soft and tender. It is most commonly served with fish, shrimp and duck.
Shandong Cuisine
Shandong Cuisine comes from a northern coastal area of China. It is most commonly known for the use of seafood and is usually prepared in a soup.
Szechuan Cuisine
Szechuan Cuisine originated from Southwestern China. It is known for bold and spicy flavors. It is prepared with generous amounts of garlic and chili pepper. It also gets its unique flavor from the use of Sichuan pepper.
Zhejiang Cuisine
Zheijang Cuisine originated south of Shanghai and has a non-greasy fresh and soft flavor.
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