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Transcript of COLONIAL ARCHITECTURE
GCZ Roll no. 21
-Architectural sttle of British period is very prominent in Delhi.
Masterpieces of Colonial Architecture in Delhi
Sir Edward Lutyen
-In the early 19th century British empire built many materpieces of architecture.
-British Colonial Era:- 1615-1947.
-Some of the major cities colonized were Madras, Calcutta, Bombay, Delhi, Hyderabad.
Colonial architecture consists of 2 words. 'Colonial' which refers to colonial india and is related to or characteristic of a colony or colonies. and other word 'Architecture' which means the way something is designed. It is important to understand the context or the meaning of colonial India.
Colonial India is the Indian sub continent which was under the control of european colonial powers through trade and conquest.
St. Andrews Kirk, Madras
The Victoria Memorial, Calcutta
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Bombay
India Gate, Delhi
British Residency, Hyderabad
Sir Herbert Baker
Architects responsible for the plan of Delhi.
He was a British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirement adapting traditional architecture styles to the equirement of his era.
He was a British Architect. In 1912 baker came to India to work with lutyens to design the secretrait buildings New Delhi and Parliament House and Bunglows of members of Parliament.
=>New Delhi is also known as 'Lutyen's' Delhi in collaboration with Herbert
Architectural Style of Bombay
Indo- Saracenic Style
-Colonial architectural style of India, the great period of their ascendancy in India, surprisingly coincided almost exactly with their industrial pre-eminence in the world at large. Hence, the buildings they constructed in India were the direct reflection of their achievements back home.
-Colonial architectural styles evolve not only with the architectural beauties of British, but also with the invasion of French, Portuguese and Armenians.
Portugese Architecture : 1948-1961
French Architecture: 1673-1954
Dutch Architecture: 1605-1825
British Architectural Impact in India..
Another basic feature about colonial architectural style of India was that a majority of the constructions of British India were anonymous. English bricklayers had made an early appearance in the Presidency towns (comprising Bengal, Madras and Bombay) and the British East India Company also had its own resident architects. Yet, from , he beginning to the culmination of the British Empire, only a handful of eminent practitioners ever designed a building for the Raj. The stones of this empire were mostly put together by amateurs, by soldiers who had learnt the building trade pro forma during their military education in England, or in later years by employees of the Public Works Department, established in 1854.
The early stages in British Empire witnessed mere amateurish works by carpenters, who was apparently architects to legendary buildings, like the first Writers' Buildings in Kolkata. Britons of many other callings boldly undertook architectural works around places. In order to bring perfection in their works, often they relied upon handbooks of architectures, very popular in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Many of the grander early buildings of the Presidency towns owe their genesis to such texts.
Gothic Architecture reflects modern european fashion. It is expressive and disjointed with surface of live colour.
Chhatrapati shivaji terminus is a good example of gothic architecture
It is the combination of Islamic and Hindu Architectural style with its characteristic domes, arches, stained glasses, spires and minarets
Gateway of India is a good example of Indo-Saracenic style of architecture
This the least noticed architectural style in Mumbai. Through Mumbai and its sabarbs possibly have the largest art deco building in the world
Flora fountain is a good example of Art Deco architectural style
The Bascilica of Bom Jesus, Old Goa
Se Cathedral, Goa
Ananda Ranga Pillai Mansion