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The Arrow and the Song

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by

Mackenzie Stall

on 30 May 2014

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Transcript of The Arrow and the Song

Author
Information
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was born in Portland, Maine, on February 27, 1807.

He translated Dante's famous Divine Comedy from the Italian version.

He was married twice - to Mary Potter and Frances Appleton - and was widowed by both.

He was famous for his historical poem, "Paul Revere's Ride."
Meaning of the Poem
Stanza 1
I shot an arrow into the air,
It fell to earth, I knew not where;
For, so swiftly it flew, the sight
Could not follow it in its flight.
Stanza 2
I breathed a song into the air,
It fell to earth, I knew not where;
For who has sight so keen and strong,
That it can follow the flight of song?
Stanza 3
Long, long afterward, in an oak
I found the arrow, still unbroke;
And the song, from beginning to end,
I found again in the heart of a friend.
Words are unbroken...
The theme of this poem is that words are unbroken. Meaning that everything you say will stick to someone or some event. Our words last forever, so we better beware what we say. At least when we're older we can learn from all our experiences that our words have been involved in, and strive to do better and breathe more songs rather than shoot a lot of arrows.
Theme
Tone and Mood
Tone
The tone of the poem is inspiring as the poem is talking about how he took his harsh mistakes and learned form them, and took his positive doings and found love.
Rhyme
Scheme
I shot an arrow into the air,
A

It fell to earth, I knew not where;
A
For, so swiftly it flew, the sight
B
Could not follow it in its flight.
B

I breathed a song into the air,
A
It fell to earth, I knew not where;
A
For who has sight so keen and strong,
C
That it can follow the flight of song?
C

Long, long afterward, in an oak
D
I found the arrow, still unbroke;
D
And the song, from beginning to end,
E
I found again in the heart of a friend.
E
Literary Terms
Imagery
figurative description
This is used in stanzas one and two as he descriptively tells how the objects flew out of sights.
With such description you can almost picture the arrow flying out of sight and even though you can't see a song fly, you understand and picture his meaning.
Repetition
The act of repeating.
Repetition can be found in the first line of stanzas one and two as it repeats the action.
Also the second line in stanzas one and two repeat.
This is used to show his comparison of the objects.
Analogy
A similarity between like features of two things; making a parallel.
The poet drew a parallel between the arrow & song and life's positives and negatives.
http://www.notablebiographies.com/Lo-Ma/Longfellow-Henry-Wadsworth.html#b#ixzz32uvMzYm0

http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/arts-entertainment/a-reading-of-the-arrow-and-the-song-by-henry-wadsworth-longfellow-16951.html

http://dictionary.reference.com/

http://reading.wordzila.com/grade-9-reading-lesson-9-poetry-the-arrow-and-the-song/2/
Works Cited
As we start off in the poem, Longfellow introduces symbolism within an arrow. The arrow is often compared to something bad, or negative even though the poem is light-hearted. Specifically, the arrow represents violence, hatred or harsh judgement (Ex: rumors) of human nature. Him shooting the arrow into the air means that he put his own negativity and judgement out into the world. Yet, the arrow flies out of sight and is thought to be gone without a second look at where it might have stayed.
The Arrow and the Song
By: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Prezi by: Mackenzie Stall
Stanza two introduces the second piece of symbolism while he is breathing a song into the air. The song is well known to represent positivity. It's quite the opposite of the arrow, for the song brings a since of carefree and peace. However, similar to the arrow, the song disappears off to a place unknown as well.
The final stanza starts off powerfully with a repetition that make s you stop and slow down. This helps the reader to get the hint that he is much older, he's wiser, and a lot of time has passed. At this time he is recollecting on his past and digs deeps down to find that the arrow is still as sharp as ever, but at least now he can responsibility and respectfully deal with that negativity. As for the song he's found in the heart of a friend, it's meaning he has fallen in love and found a peaceful care within another.
Mood
While reading the poem the audience is sure to get a blissful respect. The audience can really relate to all of the poet's doings and still get an easy going tone with the flow of the rhyme.
Symbolism
Personification
Rhyme at the end of a line withing end syllables.
End rhyme is used in every line in the poem.
Line 1-2-5-6
Line 3-4
Line 7-8
Line 9-10
Line 11-12
End Rhyme
the practice of representing things by symbols
This poem really focuses on symbolizing the arrow and the song because isn't being literal in saying what he does.
Each object is a symbol to life both positive and negative.
The attribution of human nature or character to animals, inanimate objects, or abstract notions.
Personification is used in the second stanza when the song "falls" to earth.
Full transcript