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BTEC Sport Assignment 1: Components of Fitness

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Mateusz Partyka

on 9 September 2012

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Transcript of BTEC Sport Assignment 1: Components of Fitness

BTEC Sport Assignment 1:
Components of Fitness By Mateusz Partyka Components of Fitness Fitness can be broken down into eleven
components, grouped under two categories:

Physical Fitness
Skill-related Fitness Physical Fitness There are six components of fitness that
go into the Physical Fitness category:

Aerobic Endurance
Muscular Endurance
Body Composition
Flexibility
Speed
Strength Aerobic Endurance (or Cardiovascular Endurance) Aerobic endurance is a measure of how well you are able to keep your muscles supplied with oxygen. It relies on a strong heart muscle to keep blood pumping around the body, and a good pair of lungs to keep supplying the blood with fresh oxygen.
Aerobic Endurance is one of the most important components of Fitness in football because a footballer needs Aerobic Endurance to keep running on the pitch for 90 minutes (or sometimes even longer if the match leads to extra time).
You can improve your Aerobic Endurance by taking part in aerobic training, like Swimming, Cycling and Running. There are five components of fitness that go into the components of fitness category:

Agility
Balance
Coordination
Power
Reaction Time Skill-related Fitness My Chosen Sport My chosen sport for this assignment is football. Muscular Endurance Muscular endurance is the ability of your muscles to exert force for a long time. It is linked to Aerobic endurance because you need a good, strong heart to keep blood pumping around the body and a good pair of lungs to keep supplying the blood with oxygen.
A high level of muscular endurance is needed in football to keep exerting energy to be able to run for 90 minutes. Body Composition Body composition is a measure of how much your body is made up of muscle and how much is made of fat. Different sports need players with different muscle masses than others (e.g. a weightlifter requires a large muscle mass to give them lots of power and strength to lift the weights, but a marathon runner needs a lower muscle mass so that they don't carry any unnecessary mass as they are running.) However, some sports (like sumo wrestling) require a large mass of body fat to be successful.
In my opinion, footballers need a medium muscle and fat mass to be able to run but still have energy to make a strong tackle and shoot. Flexibility Flexibility is the range of movement possible at a joint. How flexible you are depends on how elastic the tendons and ligaments are at a joint. Flexibility can be improved by doing stretching exercises regularly.
Flexibility is important in football for a footballer to carry all his strength through to his leg when they shoot and for a goalkeeper to reach out and dive to catch the ball. Speed Speed is how fast a muscle can contract, once or repeatedly in a certain amount of time. The faster your muscles contract, the more speed you have.
Speed is important in many sports to outwit opponents, or to get into a space which can determine the chances to win.
Speed is essential in football to outrun opponents, or to catch them up if you have been outwitted by them. Speed is a key factor for wing-midfielders so they could run across the length of the pitch and cross to create many scoring opportunities.
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