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Trends in Tourism Development
Transcript of Trends in Tourism Development
How Can these Factors have an Impact?
Traditional Tourism Value Chain
The Network Society
One of the basic changes that is taking place across social, economic, cultural and political realms is the growth of the network society (Castells, 1996).
Costs & benefits of Eco-tourism
Trends In Tourism Development
Major Drivers of Tourism Development
Trend Study (Gottlieb Duttweiler Institute, 2006) identified a number of key drivers for the development of global tourism, which can be grouped into social, technological, economic, ecological and political drivers
Crisis & Threats
Influencing Factors in Tourism
Intensive Use of ICT
New and cheaper means of transport
e.g. Terrorism, epidemic diseases, earthquakes
e.g. age structure, migration, educational level
transport, communication, information
e.g. weather patterns, seasonal variations
Freedom to Travel
Prepared by Shaniel Bernard
Tools of Sustainability
- Mass Tourism vs the Pillars of Sustainable
Development (positive & Negative)
- New Forms of Tourism (issues)
- The role of Regulatory Agencies
(MOH, TPDCo, JTB)
Describe the new customer patterns behind contemporary trends in tourism
Assess the environmental costs and Benefits of Eco-tourism
Increased Networking between:
Traditional Tourism Value Chain
Travel Intermediaries arrange consumer's travel
Greater Competitive Pressure
Polarization for cheap and luxury
Daily rock bottom prices are normal and expected
End of Industrialization
Growth of terrorism
Declining trust in Politics
Dis-integration of shared values
end of Oil Reserves
Contempary Trends in Tourism Development
New Family Structures
Characteristics of the Evolving tourist
Money rich-time poor.
Greater flexibility in the taking of leisure time.
Less loyal to brands.
Seek value for money, not necessarily low prices.
Increased social and environmental consciousness.
Seeking ‘authentic’ tourism experiences.
Participator not spectator.
Wants optional experiences.
Availability of Information
New Search and mapping services
The Benefits of Ecotourism
What is Eco-tourism?
...Tourism directed towards exotic natural environments, intended to support conservation efforts and observe wildlife.
organized for small groups
element of education & interpretation
THE COST OF:
Access to eco-tourism sites
Providing drinkable water
Increased income benefits for local populations
Tax receipt benefits for national public authorities
Royalties & access right benefits for local authorities
Disturbance of local population's eating habits & everyday life as a result of contacting tourists.
Disturbance to the rate/rhythm of local population's working lives
Disturbance to the traditional use of space
Creation of employment & new & new Eco-tourism activities
Improvement in comfort, living conditions and social services
Measurement of local population's degree of satisfaction through surveys
Tourism: Consumer Trends pdf doc from unep. Source:
New Demand Factors in Tourism pdf doc. Source:
MegaTrends Underpinning Tourism to 2020. Source:
The Ecotourism Equation – Measuring the Impacts pdf doc. Source:
Factors affecting global tourism
Value chain analysis
2015 hot travel trends
The Rio+20 Outcome Document “The Future We Want” (UN 2012) highlights the role of sustainable tourism
in the transition to a green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.
Paragraphs 130 and 131 set out the political commitment to sustainable tourism:
Measuring Ecological Costs & Benefits
Eco-Tourism in the Philipines, thriving through balance