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Trends in Tourism Development

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by

Shaniel Bernard

on 1 October 2015

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Transcript of Trends in Tourism Development

New Demand Factors in Tourism
How Can these Factors have an Impact?
Traditional Tourism Value Chain
The Network Society

One of the basic changes that is taking place across social, economic, cultural and political realms is the growth of the network society (Castells, 1996).
Questions?
Background Knowledge
Costs & benefits of Eco-tourism
Trends In Tourism Development
Major Drivers of Tourism Development
Trend Study (Gottlieb Duttweiler Institute, 2006) identified a number of key drivers for the development of global tourism, which can be grouped into social, technological, economic, ecological and political drivers
Political
Crisis & Threats
Demographic Change
Technology
Influencing Factors in Tourism
Rising Income
Intensive Use of ICT
Globalization
New and cheaper means of transport
OECD (2010)
e.g. Terrorism, epidemic diseases, earthquakes
e.g. age structure, migration, educational level
transport, communication, information
Climate
e.g. weather patterns, seasonal variations
Comm
ercial
Bre
ak
summation Video
External Factors:
Freedom

Time



Fitness
money
Internal Factors
Perception



Beliefs

Motives


abilities
Holiday demand
Economic situation
&
Freedom to Travel
Prepared by Shaniel Bernard
Prior Knowledge:
Tools of Sustainability
- Mass Tourism vs the Pillars of Sustainable
Development (positive & Negative)

- New Forms of Tourism (issues)

- The role of Regulatory Agencies
(MOH, TPDCo, JTB)
Objectives:
Describe the new customer patterns behind contemporary trends in tourism

Assess the environmental costs and Benefits of Eco-tourism
Increased Networking between:

Procucer/Supplier
---
Customer
---
Social Network
Traditional Tourism Value Chain
Travel Intermediaries arrange consumer's travel
Comm
ercial
Bre
ak
Summation Video
Social Drivers
Technological Drivers
Economic Drivers
Greater Competitive Pressure
Booming Asia
Polarization for cheap and luxury
Daily rock bottom prices are normal and expected
End of Industrialization
Political Drivers
Growth of terrorism
Declining trust in Politics
Dis-integration of shared values
Ecological Drivers
Unspoilt nature
Climate Change
end of Oil Reserves
Traffic Jams
Ozone hole
Contempary Trends in Tourism Development
Aging Society
Europe
Health Conscious
New Family Structures
Individualization
Characteristics of the Evolving tourist

Seeks ‘experiences’.
Money rich-time poor.
Greater flexibility in the taking of leisure time.
Hedonistic.
Individualistic.
Discerning.
Quality conscious.
Desires self-improvement.
More critical.
Less loyal to brands.
Seek value for money, not necessarily low prices.
Increased social and environmental consciousness.
Seeking ‘authentic’ tourism experiences.
Participator not spectator.
Wants optional experiences.

Availability of Information
Transport
New Search and mapping services
Tracking Services
Extreme Engineering
Comm
ercial
Bre
ak
summation Video
The Benefits of Ecotourism
What is Eco-tourism?
...Tourism directed towards exotic natural environments, intended to support conservation efforts and observe wildlife.
greenliving.com
organized for small groups
element of education & interpretation
UNCTAD,2010
ECONOMIC
THE COST OF:
Energy infrastructure
Transport Infrastructure
Access to eco-tourism sites
Providing drinkable water
Waste treatment
Benefits
Increased income benefits for local populations
Tax receipt benefits for national public authorities
Royalties & access right benefits for local authorities
Social
COST
Disturbance of local population's eating habits & everyday life as a result of contacting tourists.

Disturbance to the rate/rhythm of local population's working lives

Disturbance to the traditional use of space
Benefits
Creation of employment & new & new Eco-tourism activities
Improvement in comfort, living conditions and social services
Measurement of local population's degree of satisfaction through surveys
Comm
ercial
Bre
ak
summation Video
References
Tourism: Consumer Trends pdf doc from unep. Source:
http://www.unep.org/greeneconomy/Portals/88/GETReport/pdf/Chapitre%207%20Tourism.pdf

New Demand Factors in Tourism pdf doc. Source:
http://repository.binus.ac.id/content/G1174/G117464796.pdf

MegaTrends Underpinning Tourism to 2020. Source:
http://www.sustainabletourismonline.com/awms/Upload/Resource/bookshop/80046%20Dwyer_

TourismTrends2020%20WEB.pdf

The Ecotourism Equation – Measuring the Impacts pdf doc. Source:

http://www.uhu.es/pablo.hidalgo/docencia/effects/AADD/99wall.pdf
http://www.academia.edu/1473475/Tourism_trends_Tourism_culture_and_cultural_routes
Factors affecting global tourism
Value chain analysis
2015 hot travel trends
The Rio+20 Outcome Document “The Future We Want” (UN 2012) highlights the role of sustainable tourism

in the transition to a green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.

Paragraphs 130 and 131 set out the political commitment to sustainable tourism:
Measuring Ecological Costs & Benefits
Carrying Capacity
Site Stress
Attractiveness
Eco-Tourism in the Philipines, thriving through balance
Full transcript