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brief history in music
Transcript of brief history in music
1900-Present Medieval Period Medieval Period
0-1400 A.D. Renaissance Period
1400-1600 A.D Baroque Period
1600-1750 A.D Classical Period
1750-1800 A.D Romantic Period
1800-1900 A.D Contemporary Period
1900- Present six historical period 1400's
-medieval era continue so this period consist of almost
millennium's worth of music 12th or 13th
-system of notation rythm
started Renaissance Period Mid-1500s a prominent bishop commented music composed for the church should reflect the meaning of the words so that listeners would be moved to piety The music of the period was significantly influenced by the developments which define the Early Modern period Baroque Period Classical Period Romantic Period Medieval music was elegant, calm, and romantic. It was also very simple. It used very simple harmonics. A popular instrument used in this time period included the zither, a stringed instrument that is plucked with your hands. The first bowed instrument, the rebab evolved into the modern violin. The Renaissance is a rebirth of musical ideas. The music is smooth sounding and still simple. The first keyed instruments were invented in this time, like the virginal. New Instruments in renaissance period is : Baroque music was elaborate, textured, and impassioned. There was major focus on contrast between volume, texture, and pace in the music. Opera and the orchestra were invented during this time period. Gregorian chant is Liturgical music of the Roman Catholic church consisting of unaccompanied melody sung in unison to Latin words. It is named for Pope Gregory I, who may have contributed to its collection and codification and who was traditionally represented as having received all the melodies directly from the Holy Spirit. Pope Gregory I Example of Gregorian chant *Masses and motets were primary forms of sacred vocal polyphony * Secular vocal forms included motets,madrigals and songs * The era between Josquin Desprez and Palestine is known as the "Golden Age of polyphony" Duomo in Florence Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris Louis XIV's Palace at Versailles * The word Classical has strong connotation,conjuring up the art and philosophy of ancient Greece and Rome along with their ideals of balance,proportion, and disciplined expression * The composers of the early Classical period changes direction,writing music that was much simpler in texture. * It is in some ways ironic that two of Johann Sebastian Bach's children, Carl Phillip Emanuel and Johann Christian, were among the leaders of this new artistic movement. Their father had been the greatest master of the high baroque style and it was his children who made that style obsolete Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach Johann Christian Bach * Romanticism was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1900 * Romanticism implies fantasy,spontaneity and sensuality Franz Liszt * The great hungarian pianist/composer, reportedly played with such passion and intensity those women in the audience would faint * Color was another important feature of romantic music * The evolution of music is at least partly shaped by the influence one composer has on another. these influences are not always positive * 20th century music is series of "isms" and "neo-isms" * Technology has played an increasingly important role in the development of 20th century music * Composers have used recording tapes as a compositional tool. Medieval Musician Phillipe de Vitry Guillaume Dufay Guillaume de Machaunt Hildegard of Bingen Giovanni Gabrieli Thomas Tallis Claudio Monteverdi Renaissance musicians Baroque musicians George Frideric Handel Johann Sebastian Bach Antonio Vivaldi Classical musicians Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Joseph Haydn Romantic musicians Ludwig van Beethoven Frédéric Chopin Franz Schubert Richard Wagner Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Johannes Brahms