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Transcript of WATER POLlUTION
Oil spills damage seas and oceans by releasing oil into the water. This usually occurs when equipment breaks down in oil factories, someone being careless or someone makes a mistake. From 2000-2005, in Michigan, on average, there were 27 oil spills every year, slowly increasing.
HARMFUL EFFECTS ON ANIMALS
Spilled oil can harm living things because its chemical component parts are poisonous. This can affect organisms both from internal exposure to oil through digestion or inhalation and from external exposure through skin and eye irritation. Oil can also choke/suffocate some small species of fish or invertebrates and coat feathers and fur, reducing birds' and mammals' ability to maintain their body temperatures.
Oil contains chemicals like hydrocarbons, which are toxic and irritating to the skin. It also contains chemicals, called VOCs, which can cause acute health effects such as headaches, dizziness and nausea. Over the long term, many of these chemicals have been linked to cancer, so there are lots of reasons to worry about inhaling them.
SOLUTIONS TO REDUCE OIL SPILLS
-Firstly, In oil factories, workers should check and test equipment every 2 weeks to a month to avoid equipment breaking down.
-Secondly, people should be more careful when they are working in oil factories.
-Finally, if there is an oil spill, it should be reported immediately and should be cleaned up right away
HARMFUL EFFECTS ON PLANTS
In general, oil spills can affect animals and plants in two ways: from the oil itself and from the response or cleanup operations. Oil spills effect plant life because the oil can impair a plant's ability to carry out basic life functions, such as photosynthesis.
BY: MARYAM QURESHI
HARMFUL EFFECTS ON HUMANS
AN OIL SPILL
THE EFFECT OF OIL SPILLS ON PLANTS AND ANIMALS