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Furthering Democracy in Mexico

Based on article by Enrique Krauze
by

Catherine Juárez

on 23 October 2012

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Transcript of Furthering Democracy in Mexico

By Enrique Krauze Furthering Democracy
in México Ernesto Zedillo First little taste of democracy in Mexico? Francisco I. Madero Calderón Difficulty at winning elections. Democracy? V. Fox PAN - strong defense,
weak offense "Moved souls" Didn't do much damage
but didn't actually help either. Pros Cons Not fulfilled promises to fight insecurity.
Failure Preserved macroeconomic stability. Respected division
of powers. All eyes on him. What if PAN wins? Fox might be their doom. Recognized party´s hold
on power starting to slip Lopez Obrador Depends on his charisma 1994 Cárdenas and Obrador grew apart. "...would hopefully prove prudent enough to refrain from any mass civil disobedience..." 1911. President after 1st stage of Mexican Revolution.

Problems: Divided Congress, press, american ambassador Henry Lane Wilson, Díaz's followers...


1913. Victoriano Huerta’s coup d’état.

Civil war and problems...


1929. President Plutarco Elías Calles funded
National Revolutionary Part (future PRI)

Democracy failed. ELECTORAL DEMOCRACY FOX to POWER! Opened gates to... DEMOCRACY!!! PRI ideo logi cal cham aele on Party
leaders
recognized
their
defeat Begin to sanitize their long record of authoritarism and corruption hard liners wanted to expell Zedillo from the party. Nationalist
&
Corporatist Opennesss
&
Globalization or Key
to
Democracy Basic
agreement
on the major
objectives of
the state. No matter who
becomes president,
Mexico will be
governable
even when the
president's party
has a minority
in Congress. WHICH EVER IS CONVENIENT
AT ANY GIVEN MOMENT BUT How to establish a firm rule
of law
establishment. The 3 parties need
to agree in: How to create wealth, economic growth
employment. How to modernize energy sector. How to combat poverty and inequality. How to approach and manage globalization. 71 Years of Power Mexico enjoyed decades of stability & economic growth Various players must
transcend their
immediate interests. President: Head of
state, NOT just a
representative
of his party. Violent confrontations were few & far between Civil society: Support IFE. Media: Objectivity, impartiality, honesty. Roberto Madrazo Main political parties:
It is up to them
whether Mexican
democracy is
achieved or not. July 2006 elections. Opportunity to consolidate democratic process.

2000. First democratic elections in a century. Triggered hopes.

Build democracy vs. Crisis from the past. 2006 Elections Concern for the poor Voters might need a breathe
of fresh air Highly problematic figure Current
party
president linked to the PRI'S DARKPAST!!! MANIPULATION CORRUPTION DISINFORMATION THE
LEFT. By the 1970's and 1980's lefters castigated liberal democracy. It was not concerned on problems of the vast majority of mexicans. Lefters preached social revolutions instead of democracy and reform. They considered democracy as very formal
and bureaucratic. Resorted to outright
guerrilla war. Entered the parliamentary process as a legitimate opposition.

PRD 1989. 1988 Elections Carlos Salinas de
Gortari + struggle with the powerful head
of the teachers' union = Elba Esther Gordillo!!!! chan! chan! PRI showed disdain for the moderate Mexicans. &

Succumbed to its predilection for
authoritarianism
&
manipulation Include experienced political professionals a power that lacked democratic legitimacy
&
managed by an ever more corrupt oligarchy STILL ATTRACTIVE LESSER EVIL!!! PAN'S INEXPERIENCED GOVERNMENT
OR
PRD PROBABLY TO RADICAL GOVERNMENT THAN OPPORTUNITY FOR REDEMPTION!!! some of them honest... could it be ... CUALIFIED INTELLIGENT PRAGMATIC
LEFT-WING
IDEOLOGY FRESH FACE Cuahtémoc
Cárdenas Authentic Party of the Mexican Revolution. Mexican Socialist Party. Democratic Front. Majority in Mexico City. Mysterious
"Computer Breakdown" When system came back, it
showed victory for: HINT Computers were controlled by PRI vote counters. REPUTATION
for
HONESTY MODERATE Resisted to violent reaction. Called for active, united, left-wing
participation in parliamentary politics. Instead, he... And the result was... Formed by Impressive run Disenchanted PRI members Former communists socialists Members of a newer left-wing camp. BEATRIZ PAREDES Winning Governorships Mayoralities Legislative sets NOT! 2000. Cuauhtémoc's political heir, Andres Manuel López Obrador, won the mayor's office in Mexico City.

"Formidable social activist" from Tabasco. 2000 1911 1988 2006
Elections propensity toward the rethoric mass mobilization class polarization of traditional L.American populism may not respect open society principles. 1989 1970's
&
1980's have shown ambivalence or outright hostility toward many positive aspects of liberal democracy Limits of government power
Full commitment to judiciary autonomy & division of powers
Freedom of expresion
Complete financial opennesss & accountability in government
Respect for auntomous institutions
Distaste for violence
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