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Transcript of Knowledge Sharing
Knowledge Sharing How it affects the business? What is the knowledge sharing? knowledge sharing is: An activity through which knowledge (i.e. information, skills, or expertise) is exchanged among people, friends, or members of a family, a community (e.g. Wikipedia) or an organization. Organizations have recognized that knowledge constitutes a valuable intangible asset for creating and sustaining competitive advantages. Knowledge sharing activities are generally supported by knowledge management systems. However, technology constitutes only one of the many factors that affect the sharing of knowledge in organizations, such as organizational culture, trust, and incentives. The sharing of knowledge constitutes a major challenge in the field of knowledge management because some employees tend to resist sharing their knowledge with the rest of the organization. More about
knowledge sharing!! knowledge sharing
obstacle One prominent obstacle is the notion that knowledge is property and ownership thus very important. In order to counteract this, individuals must be reassured that they will receive some type of incentive for what they create. The risk in knowledge sharing is that individuals are most commonly rewarded for what they know, not what they share. If knowledge is not shared, negative consequences such as isolation and resistance to ideas occur. Shared knowledge offers different viewpoints and possible solutions to problems. To promote knowledge sharing and remove knowledge sharing obstacles, the organizational culture should encourage discovery and innovation. This will result in the creation of organizational culture. Knowledge flow While knowledge is commonly treated as an object, at times it is more appropriate to treat it as a flow Knowledge transfer Knowledge transfer in the fields of organizational development and organizational learning is the practical problem of transferring knowledge from one part of the organization to another (or all other) part(s) of the organization. Like Knowledge Management, Knowledge transfer seeks to organize, create, capture or distribute knowledge and ensure its availability for future users Knowledge transfer is more complex because Knowledge resides in organizational members, tools, tasks, and their subnetworks Much knowledge in organizations is tacit or hard to articulate. Types of knowledge Embrained knowledge is that which is dependent on conceptual skills and cognitive abilities. We could consider this to be practical, high-level knowledge, where objectives are met through perpetual recognition and revamping. Tacit knowledge may also be embrained, even though it is mainly subconscious. Embodied knowledge Encultured knowledge Encoded knowledge Embedded knowledge is action oriented and consists of contextual practices It is more of a social acquisition, as how individuals interact in and interpret their environment creates this non-explicit type of knowledge is the process of achieving shared understandings through socialization and acculturation Language and negotiation become the discourse of this type of knowledge in an enterprise is explicit and resides within systematic routines It relates to the relationships between roles, technologies, formal procedures and emergent routines within a complex system is information that is conveyed in signs and symbols (books, manuals, data bases, etc.) and decontextualized into codes of practice Rather than being a specific type of knowledge, it deals more with the transmission, storage and interrogation of knowledge. Challenges What complicates knowledge transfer? There are many factors, including: The inability to recognize & articulate "compiled" or highly intuitive competencies — tacit knowledge idea Geography or distance Limitations of Information and Communication Technologies Language Areas of expertise Internal conflicts (for example, professional territoriality) Generational differences The use of visual representations to transfer knowledge (Knowledge visualization) Problems with sharing beliefs, assumptions, heuristics and cultural norms. Previous exposure or experience with something. Misconceptions Faulty information How to encourage knowledge transfer process? Identifying the knowledge holders within the organization Motivating them to share Designing a sharing mechanism to facilitate the transfer Executing the transfer plan Measuring to ensure the transfer Applying the knowledge transferred ? Any Questions Thanks By the following