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Middle Ages

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Gwyneth Kinar

on 15 February 2013

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Transcript of Middle Ages

The Middle Ages Economic System Political System Social System Legal System Religion Education and Travel In the middle ages Christianity was the main religion in the West. Some practiced Judaism or Islam but those who did were social outcasts. Christianity was not only a religion but a code of conduct. They believed that if you misbehaved you would go to hell. People who were good through out their lives went to heaven. religious pyramid Nun's and Monks Why were they powerful?
-They were educated
-the people believed they had a connection with god
-Money (The Nunnery's/Monastery's were very rich)
-Land (They owned 1/3 of England) what did the Nun's/Monk's agree to?
-Poverty How did they influence society?
-Alms for the poor (helped the poor, food, care, money)
-Cared for the sick
-Provided education and religious services
-Illuminated books Pope Arch Bishops Priests Parishioners feudalism In the Middle Ages the political system was called feudalism. Feudalism was the political, economic, and military system which the people followed. It put everyone in there place with a pyramid that showed who was powerful and who wasn't. The three main parts of feudalism were :
Fiefs - Land
Fealty - Loyalty
Faith - Love for god/ Belief Manor court Royal court Church court The social system is the hierarchy with in the community. It connects to the feudal pyramid. This pyramid shows how much power certain people had in their society. The king on the top of the pyramid had the most amount of power, money and land and as you look down the pyramid the wealth and power decreases. Manorialism Serfs Manorialism is the system that the lord of the manor gave out safety, and land to the peasants/serfs in return for work and money. The economic system based on manorialism manorialism is connection between the serf the freemen and the nobles Crimes Process Sentence -Mostly farming and property disputes -Assault - Serious crimes - Murder -Treason - Cutting tree's from the Royal forest - Public drunkenness - Petty theft - Other small crimes - Crimes committed by Church officials - Witchcraft - Blasphemy - Heresy - Jury of villagers - Lord or his representatives - Witness - Common law (same throughout the kingdom) - Followed the church law - Fines - Expulsion from manor - Removal of an ear or finger - Time in the stocks - Execution - Seizing of property - Interduct - Excommunication This shows a knight showing respect to the king In the middle ages law changed depending on if you were part of the royal family, if you worked for a church or if you were a simple citizen living on a manor. witchcraft Hangings The royal forest Serfs and freeholders working the land Serfs and freeholders working the land The manor Freeholders paying their monthly fee to the lord of the manor The three symbols for Judaism, Islam and Christianity Nun's caring for the sick A monk illuminating a book Alms for the poor In the middle ages travel was slow and very rare, especially for the freeholders and serfs living on the manors. In their life times they would barley even get out of the manor land. In the Middle ages knights and royal family were most likely to travel. But it wasn't at all perfect, the main flaw was the time it took to go from one place to another. When the Crusades occurred many freeholders and serfs joined not only because was it " a guarantee to get into heaven" but it was an adventure. It was a chance to get out of the manor and see other lands. Only 5% of the population could read and write. It was extremely unlikely for a peasant to be literate. Some lords of the manors banded the serfs from getting an education. Usually monks and nuns were literate Only the children of wealthy family's were able to attend school School peasants A knight beginning his journey Crusade The End
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