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Japanese Culture and Cuisine

Flying through the amazing world of Japan in its culture, geography, and FOOD!!!
by

Sarah Abbas

on 27 November 2014

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Transcript of Japanese Culture and Cuisine

Japanese Culture and Cuisine
The Land
Size of Country (area):
approximately 142,700 square miles
OR 2 Washingtons
Extends in an arc from the tip of Sakhalin to the south Korean peninsula
The People
The Food
Typical Foods
: Beef, Chicken, Pork and/or Duck in vegetables and rice
Cooking Techniques
: Goal: to create a harmonious effect from seasonal harvests; a guiding spirit in Japanese cooking for centuries, using Spinach, Carrots, Turnips, and Squash.
Meal patterns
: Include very little fruits in their cooking techniques, but when they do you can taste the flavor indefinitely, using Lemons and Limes.
By Sarah A., Sarah K., and Zach S.
Climate
: Strong ocean currents along the length of the islands
Monsoon winds AND rains; tsunamis; typhoons
Temperatures and Seasons
:
Spring
: Mid-February to mid-May; gets warmer but still snow falls in some regions
Summer
: Mid-May to August; rain periods
Fall
: September to mid-November; many typhoons, periods of fine, clear weather
Winter
: Mid-November to mid-February; sudden drop in temperature; fine, clear weather along Pacific coast, heavy snows along Japan sea coast.
Wildlife: white-tailed sea eagle, three-toed woodpecker, Japanese crane, fish owl, red foxes, Japanese snow monkey
Vegetation: Mongolian Oaks, basswoods, ash, Sasa (dwarf bamboo)
Agricultural Products: rice, sugar beets, vegetables, fruit, pork, poultry, dairy products, eggs, and fish
Import Products: petroleum, liquid natural gas, clothing, semiconductors, coal, audio and visual apparatus
Export Products: motor vehicles, semiconductors, iron and steel products, auto parts, plastic materials, power generating machinery
Natural Resources: negligible mineral resources, fish

Bibliography
Hall, John W. Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times. Delta ed. Vol. 2. New York, NY: Dell Publishing Co., Inc., 1970. 6-7. 4 vols. Print.
Japan, Government US. "The World Factbook." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, 20 June 2014. Web. 11 Oct. 2014. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ja.html>.
Pitts, Forrest Ralph. Japan. Grand Rapids, MI: Fideler, 1981. Print.
Richardson, Hazel. Life in Ancient Japan. New York, NY: Crabtree Pub., 2005. Print.
Eastern Asia: Island of Hokkaido, Japan. World Wildlife Fund, 2014. Web. 16 Oct. 2014. <http://www.worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/pa0423>.
Daily Japanese Meals. Superior Design, Inc. , 2014. Web. 16 Oct. 2014. <http://gohere.4japan.info/daily-japanese-meals/>.
Fukuoka, Yasuko. Classic Japanese. Singapore: Southwater, 2008. Print.
Roger, . "Chopsticks for Dummies." N.p., 9 Dec. 2011. Fogs. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. <http://web-japan.org/kidsweb/cook/intro/intro02.html>.
Continued
Fun Facts!!!
Called the “land of luxuriant rice ears”
Strategic position for wars and such and a good position for detachment
Rice helps people live off a small amount of land and is able to feed more than 10x as many people per acre compared to the most efficient farm in the US
Legend of the forming of Japan:
a giant catfish lived beneath Japan and caused earthquakes by shaking his body. To get rid of the fish, the god Kashima trapped the catfish under a rock, ceasing the earthquakes.
One of the most healthiest places on the world considering food.
Created the Bento, a version of the lunch box; usually food wrapped in a piece of cloth tied together.
Famous for their Ramen and Steamed Pork Buns.
The Japanese consume about 3000 fish a day.
Picture URLs
http://www.freeworldmaps.net/asia/japan/map.html
http://www.nwfoodnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Beet-roots.jpg
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.sircon.com%2Fstate-information-center%2Fimages%2Fsic-washington.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.sircon.com%2Fstate-information-center%2Fwashington.html&h=325&w=280&tbnid=yWarNtW97uZYCM%3A&zoom=1&docid=2d9r9L76KIIlUM&ei=DhE_VN-JO9CuyASUmID4DQ&tbm=isch&ved=0CFUQMygeMB4&iact=rc&uact=3&dur=800&page=3&start=30&ndsp=19
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2F4.bp.blogspot.com%2F_tGHzOEp3UKA%2FTT2SUVALzsI%2FAAAAAAAACck%2F-foQs5Qfwvo%2Fs1600%2FNamazu_pumpkin.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fhistoryofgeology.fieldofscience.com%2F2011%2F01%2Fnamazu-earthshaker.html&h=518&w=748&tbnid=nlbuZkxmAXk8LM%3A&zoom=1&docid=rI2hFQn2C0kOJM&ei=Lvw_VOrbMMr2yQSE3ICACg&tbm=isch&ved=0CDkQMygUMBQ&iact=rc&uact=3&dur=1076&page=1&start=0&ndsp=28
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.davidshawwildlife.co.uk%2Fphotography%2FukGallery%2FseaEagle%2F54.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fanimalgals.wordpress.com%2F2014%2F07%2F17%2Fwhite-tailed-sea-eagle%2F&h=400&w=600&tbnid=umautM_Uqv9w-M%3A&zoom=1&docid=doG-GWM8LEGG5M&ei=c4RAVIKGHOPIsASi_YCADg&tbm=isch&ved=0CD4QMygLMAs&iact=rc&uact=3&dur=1546&page=2&start=8&ndsp=16
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.wildlifeinfocus.com%2Fdata%2Fphotos%2F961_1crane_43.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.wildlifeinfocus.com%2Fjapanese-cranes-2%2Fred-crowned-crane-grus-japonensis-70_2_961.html&h=562&w=843&tbnid=32S_8SwXnL7RPM%3A&zoom=1&docid=2hhDQASj3aFBWM&ei=TYVAVNnHJ5HisASYooCgCA&tbm=isch&ved=0CD0QMygPMA8&iact=rc&uact=3&dur=4600&page=2&start=10&ndsp=20
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2F6.thumbs.beta.scribol.com%2F4%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles%2Fimages%2Fmarc-veerat.jpg%253Fa%253Dd&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fscribol.com%2Fenvironment%2Fthe-snow-monkeys-of-japan&h=334&w=500&tbnid=rOyw64Eem_gH4M%3A&zoom=1&docid=8TJ7z697Gts-XM&ei=N4ZAVI67DuLesASjiYHQBA&tbm=isch&ved=0CDsQMygKMAo&iact=rc&uact=3&dur=841&page=2&start=8&ndsp=17
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Ffc07.deviantart.net%2Ffs70%2Fi%2F2012%2F290%2F2%2Ff%2Fjapanese_4_seasons_by_kunoichi_mai_chan-d34iqoa.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fhanami-mai.deviantart.com%2Fart%2FJapanese-4-Seasons-188991370&h=291&w=900&tbnid=PqNAQyQcvifl2M%3A&zoom=1&docid=zIF__uDt_qCsMM&ei=rIdAVM7nMaOSsQSJjoGABw&tbm=isch&ved=0CCgQMygKMAo&iact=rc&uact=3&dur=1113&page=1&start=0&ndsp=12
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Falljapantours.com%2Facp%2Fimages%2Fattraction%2FpW112228704.%252520Fuji.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Falljapantours.com%2Fgo-attrcont.php%3Fcid%3D3%26sid%3D3%26p%3DAX112212917&h=768&w=1024&tbnid=YxDNV74GAy0SbM%3A&zoom=1&docid=VvHmDIxIuDiFjM&ei=mIhAVKfmI_XCsATPj4GABA&tbm=isch&ved=0CD8QMygOMA4&iact=rc&uact=3&dur=1177&page=2&start=8&ndsp=16
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.memphisflyer.com%2Fbinary%2F65bc%2F1311182471-japanese-shochiku-kabuki-theater-el-salvador_477356.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.memphisflyer.com%2FTheBruceVBlog%2Farchives%2F2011%2F07%2F20%2Fthe-memphis-school-boards-kabuki-politics&h=434&w=652&tbnid=LsgqnS-_tKKeSM%3A&zoom=1&docid=5AmBV3rQ_9jhVM&ei=y4xAVICrHO6IsQS3nYKgCw&tbm=isch&ved=0CF0QMygjMCM&iact=rc&uact=3&dur=2536&page=3&start=29&ndsp=19
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fmy605.com%2FgardenHub%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2010%2F03%2FBurrOak.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fmy605.com%2FgardenHub%2F%3Fp%3D425&h=415&w=560&tbnid=ncIMCrDSPKccvM%3A&zoom=1&docid=iWegCIBSwv1qwM&ei=ehVDVITMAYikyAT5n4DoCg&tbm=isch&ved=0CCsQMygPMA8&iact=rc&uact=3&dur=313&page=1&start=0&ndsp=17
http://sumokitchen.com/JapaneseRecipes/miso-soup/

Food MORE continued
Cooking Techniques
:
Chopsticks method, all food in Japan is usually cut into bite sized pieces because of this method.
Eat vegetables raw or very lightly cooked, fish is almost always filleted and the meat is usually thinly sliced or minced.
Cooking methods are simmering, grilling (broiling), steaming and frying. No special knowledge is needed to create most of the Japanese cuisine.
Use of chopsticks create very little fuss.
Meal patterns
: Every meal begins with cleaning one’s hands with a hot moist towel called an
Oshibori
.
A traditional Japanese breakfast consists of
Yakizakana
, (grilled fish)
Oshinko
, (pickles)
Miso Shiro
(Miso soup), and a bowl of rice.
Lunch is a variety of forms, but is quick to eat. Similar to our lunch, but the only difference is that the Japanese snack more at lunch.
Food service practices
: Reflects culture, meticulous attention to detail is seen in their drink.
Like to keep everything as natural as can be.
Rarely mix food types (sauces mixed separately to maintain purity of food).
OWARI
Even MORE Continued
Geography
: Mountainous environment; 16% of land available for farming
Monsoon zone for East Asia
Many dormant and some active volcanoes
Oceans, Rivers, Lakes:
Sea of Japan aka East Sea,
Korea Strait,
East China Sea,
Philippine Sea,
Sea of Okhotsk,
and North Pacific Ocean
And MORE Continued
And MORE continued
Holiday foods
:
New Year's Day is the most important holiday in Japan.
Colorful dishes; starts with warm
Sake
, followed by a colorful soup, then a traditional daikon and carrot salad as well as
Ozoni
.
Celebrates the new year or new start.
Nutritional Analysis
:
Mostly consists of food in its most raw state, believing that you should eat it how it was made.
Consists of many vegetables and raw fish; a very healthy country; drink Tea the most.
Let's just say we used a LOT of images to say how AWESOME Japan is.
Kabuki Charades
Hopefully you all know how to play charades/bowl of nouns.
We're gonna take a break from writing notes...and replace it with CHOPSTICKS!!!
You must use your chopsticks to pick up each piece of paper in the hat in order to read and perform it.
ONE PIECE OF PAPER AT A TIME! NO CHEATING! YOU HAVE TWO MINUTES TO DO AS MANY PIECES AS POSSIBLE!
Points are based on how many pieces you can complete.
Kitchen Groups separated so that one group goes against one or two other groups. Winner of the 2 or 3 groups competing gets candy. :D
Population

Approx. 127,103,388 people (densely populated)
About half as many people that live in the US

Japan is increasingly becoming industrialized through its population distribution, resulting in the move from farms and villages to towns and cities.

Size of the state of California


Nationalities
Japanese 98.5%
Koreans 0.5%
Chinese 0.4%
Other 0.6%

Early settlers arrived nearly 30,000 years ago. Over time, people began to build permanent villages on the coast.
China was already a great empire with a strong central government headed by an emperor. The Japanese learned from the Chinese how to:
produce great art
literature
philosophy
how to construct beautiful buildings
make tools of iron
weave cloth of silk
Occupations
School life expectancy: 15 years
GDP: Agriculture 1.1%
Industry 25.6%
Services 73.2%
Agriculture
Rice, sugar beets, vegetables, fruit; pork, poultry, dairy products, eggs; and fish
Industries
Motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machinery, ships, chemicals, textiles, and processed foods


National Costume
The lives of many Japanese also show a blending of old and new.
Cities- while people ride the subway to their offices they can be seen wearing Western-style clothing
Home- most are likely to change their Western-style clothing for comfortable kimonos
Housing
Former Nara Family Home
Nara Home Interior
The Kometani Home
The Toyoda Home
The Sasagawa Home
The Osumi Home

Baruku- a little community in itself
Most of the baraku are built on the plan along with small wooden shops and farming.
Religious influences on food practices
Shinto, Buddhism, Christianity
Help people live together happily

Etiquette: As a guest, you will be invited inside a clean home with a view of the garden/outdoors. You may sit down on a cushion as your hostess places a tray in front of you and offers you tea.
Customs or Traditions
First Shrine Visit
Shichi-Go-San
Wedding: Ceremony/Reception
Funeral/Cemetary Visits
First Prayer
Kadomatsu

Battledore
Kite-flying
Kakizome
Hina-Matsuri
Setsubun
Hana-mi
Flower Festival
Boy’s Festival
Chrysanthemum Dolls
Health
Healthcare services are provided as health is a major concern for an average citizen, however space is a problem. The pricing for healthcare is skyrocketing, however Japan is working on an international medical insurance plan.

Language
Japanese
Language has played an important part in making the Japanese a people with many things in common. They have long shared a common language that has helped them feel they belong together.

Immigration to America
1886
Hard work and industrious personality
Influenced companies through Japan’s inventive people and have shown great enthusiasm for modern ideas and new ways of life.
Tradition of the art of living.
known for their enjoyment of customs that add beauty and graciousness to everyday life for hundreds of years.
Important Events
On August 6, 1945, the United States used a massive, atomic weapon against Hiroshima, Japan. This bomb flattened the city, killing tens of thousands of civilians. While Japan was still trying to comprehend this devastation three days later, the United States struck again, this time, on Nagasaki.




Value of Age:
Coming of Age Day- On January 15th, a national holiday, those who attained the age of 20 are recognized as adults.
Kanreki- A celebration for those who attain their 61st calendar year.
RECIPES!!!!
We have:
Appetizer:
Miso Soup
- Ah, Shogun memories...; Kitchen 3 (us)

Entree:
Grilled Chicken Balls Cooked on Bamboo Skewers
- a family favorite; three groups

Dessert:
Sweet Pancakes
- a delicious breakfast with a twist of adzuki beans in the middle; three groups




Desserts
: Very high in fat rice, adzuki beans, squash, sweet potatoes and sugar; used in Green Tea ice cream, sweet pancakes, Kabocha Squash cake, steamed cake with sweet Potatoes, and sticky Rice cake wrapped in sweet Adzuki Bean paste, Chocolate Pocky, and Yogurt Pocky.
Dairy foods
: Milk, Chocolate Milk, Cheddar, Pepperjack, and biscuits.
Staple foods
: Sushi, Rice, Corn, Noodles, Tofu, Beans and Fish.
Beverages
: Milk, Sake, Chocolate Milk, many fruit juices, and Coffee, and Shochu.
Spices and Seasonings used
:
There are some spices considered too hot for our cuisine and some spices that are considered good.
Wasabi, Ginger, Gari, Shoyu, Mirin, and Dashi-no-moto.
Regional foods
:
different types of fish because of the clash between cold and warm water.
The fishing season is named
Shun
. The people even made their own version of a packed lunch with the fish called a
Bento
.
Food customs and traditions
: Japan celebrates
The Tea Ceremony
, which expresses the Japanese philosophy of life and etiquette, not just for drinking tea but for entertaining guests and being entertained. They also practice
Shojin Ryori
(Zen Buddhist monks vegetarian cooking).
Food even MORE continued
Continued
How to Use Chopsticks
First, hold the upper chopstick like a pencil, about one third of the way from its top.
Next, place the second chopstick against your ring finger, holding it with the base of the thumb. It should be pointing the same way as the first chopstick.
Move the upper chopstick with your thumb, index, and middle fingers. Grab food between the lower and upper chopsticks.
Full transcript