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Deciduous Forest Biome Project

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by

Emily<3 Latchman

on 5 December 2014

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Transcript of Deciduous Forest Biome Project

An Introduction
to
Deciduous
Forests
.
By: Marshaye, Jaimie,
Jessica, Emily<3
& Asid
Animal Life
"What is the
plant life
like in the
deciduous
forest?"
Plant Life
"Let's venture into the
woods, and find out what
the climate, the physical
landscape, and weather is
like in the deciduous
forest''.

Physical Landscape
Climate & Weather
"Make A Change! :
Human influences in the
deciduous forest"
Human Influences
Thank you for watching, we hope you now understand what a deciduous forest is.
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Most temperate deciduous forests are found in the eastern half of U.S.A., Canada, Western Europe, some parts of Russia, China, and Austrailia. These forests are between Tropic and Polar regions. Temperate forests are found in Middle latitudes. Most of the food we eat is grown in Temperate Forests such as: apples, walnuts, mushrooms, and maple sugar. The soil in deciduous forests is very high in nutrients which is enriched with falling leaves, twigs, logs, and dead organisms. Lets' check out the climate in deciduous forests!
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Definition:
A Deciduous forest: a type of forest characterized by the trees that seasonally shed their leaves.
Now you know what a Deciduous Forest is. Let's find out what animals are lurking around the forests' floor!
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How do we save the biomes from negative human influences?
Just like any other biome,
there are lots of animals in
a deciduous forest. There
are a wide variety of
mammals, insects, birds
and reptiles. Here are a
few examples:
Squirrels
Frogs
Snakes
Woodpeckers
Salamanders
Skunks
Black Bears
Coyotes
Mountain Lions
& More!
Human Impacts:
EMILY<3
Deciduous forests have moderate weather and a middle latitude climate which have warm summers and cool winters with occasional snow and heavy rainfall. These forests have 4 distinct seansons: winter, spring, summer, and autumn. Deciduous forests recieve 2 to 5 feet (0.5-1.5m) of precipitation and 60% - 80% of humidity.
Deciduous forest in winter
Deciduous forest in the
Summer
Decdiuous forest in the
Autumn
Deciduous forest in
the
Spring
Here's a map of deciduous forests
in the world!
Positive:
Negative:
*Deforestation
-trees cut down
-reduces biodiversity
-natural vegetation not the same
-can no longer support wildlife
-animals leave/die
-lessen population count of a species (can turned endangered)
The positive side to this is that after deforestation has occurred, naturalists and foundations like "Earth Rangers'', go back into these misused biomes, re-plant the trees and "Bring Back the Wild'' into the deciduous forests.
Human Impacts:
Negative:
Positive:
*Logging
-millions of trees are clear cut for timber industries
-Industries take strongest trees: oak, hickory, birch, maple, hardwood
-When trees cut, almost no trees are left
-Machines crush small plantlife close to ground, leaving them to die
Now industries are only allowed to cut down a certain number of trees, limiting clear-cutting. More and more industries now have to re-plant twice as many trees after cutting them down.
Emily<3
Human Impacts:
Negative
Positive
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*Mining
-companies willing to anything in order to get to in order to get to mines
-run mines = roads built = further clearing of woodlands = change to landscape
*Global Warming
-caused by pollution
-causes climate pattern to change = forest not growing
-pollution mixes with rain = acid rain (weather change) = trees dead = no more forest
The only positive thing being done about this is when miming companies reclaim the surface. They reuse soil that was dug up in order to get to mine, refine it, and put it back in the ground; they then either plant new trees or let succession take over. Nothing is effectively being done about the Global Warming.
Deforestation
Recovered Forest
Animals brought back
to forest
Mines destroying forests
Process of
Reclaiming
Surfaces
(The other influence impacting climate and weather patterns)
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Emily<3
EMILY<3
Logging (disgusting, isn't it?)
Machines crushing wildlife and tearing down trees
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The animals living in this biome, must adapt to the cold winters and hot summers. For 4-7 months the trees are leafless (less coverage from predators) and food is scarce, animals will hibernate, migrate or find other ways to endure winter. Hibernation and migration are the two ways animals endure winter. Hibernation is when animals such as squirrels, chipmunks and jays store food when it is plentiful, using hollows of trees as storehouses for nuts and seeds. Migration is when animals escape the cold winter months.
Deciduous forests are known for their many temperate trees. Deciduous trees are trees that shed their leaves in the fall and re-grow them in the summer. The most common trees include:
Maple Trees
Oak Trees
Birch Trees
Other trees include:
Gum Trees
Hardwood
Trees
Magnolia Trees
Beech Trees
There are 5 layers in deciduous forests. The first layer is called the tree layer or tree stratum. The tree layer has many full grown trees in it. The next layer is called the sapling or small tree layer that has various small trees and saplings. The third layer is called the shrub layer that contains shrubs such as: milkweed, raspberry bushes, rhododendrons, and huckleberry bushes. The fourth layer is called the herb layer which contains wild flowers such as asters, goldenrods, orchids, violets, and wild ginger. The last layer is called the ground layer which contains mosses and lichens.
Marshaye
FUN FACT!!
Oak trees are the dominant trees species in deciduous forests in North America. The oak trees tend to have large seeds.
There are many human influences on deciduous forests, especially since wood is a big resource to us. However, most of the influences are negative. Humans influence forests to go into succession mode, which is not exactly healthy for a forest. The forest should not be tampered with in the first place
The greatest negative human impact is global warming. This is because it does not have a clear solution, or at least a solution that will be definitely carried out. Global warming refers to the gradual rising of global temperatures caused by greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide) that take form through pollution. It is caused by people, to satisfy their 'needs'.
Solutions have been offered to the public but not many people take them seriously and the fact of the matter is that more than half of the population
does not care
. Common solutions are 'stop littering', 'be energy efficient', 'reduce', 'reuse', 'recycle', and 'refuse'; none of that matters if no one cares. In a perfect world, those would be the solutions, but it's not perfect. The real solution would be to change everyone's attitude towards the situation; to let everyone break free of their superficial worlds and let them and make them acctually care and realize that the world cannot survive if global warming consumes the Earth.
Emily<3
Since we can not reverse what we've already done as far as urbanization goes, we can live perfectly on the land that we have already destroyed, we do not need more. We can restore and replenish all the biomes that we have taken from. We already have land for our farming, our food resources can come from there, NOT from biomes where animals depend on it. Also, we can leave all animals and wildlife be, if we left them alone they would be dozens of times more successful then if we were to ruin the way they think and act.
-Emily<3
-Marshaye
-Jessica
-Asid
-Jaimie
-animals will hibernate till spring arrives.
-winter season
-birds will migrate to a warmer climate during winter till spring.
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Full transcript