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Muscle Growth and Strength Development

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Physical Growth

on 9 October 2012

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Transcript of Muscle Growth and Strength Development

Muscle Growth and Strength Development “Dressing young children in gender specific colours was first documented in the United States in the early 1920’s”. Gender stereotypes begin at birth with color, pink for girls, blue for boys.
Research shows that children prefer the colour of blue regardless of gender, there is no evidence that girls prefer pink.
Gender not only applies to colour, but also to play. By the age of 2, children are able to categorize “girls toys” and “boys toys” . Gender Stereotypes Sport is stereotyped into gender-neutral, feminine or masculine based on people’s beliefs about gender.

Sports that are labeled feminine are those that have girls participating in accordance with stereotyped expectations, which highlight their beauty and are aesthetically pleasing.

Sports are labeled masculine if there is body contact, direct force to a heavy object, a projection of a body through space over a distance, or face-to-face competitions where body contact may occur. Gender and Sport - Boys were more likely to take part in organized sports
-Girls were more likely to take part in individual sports or activities

Gym
-Men used weights whereas women were more likely to participate in aerobic activities Slater and Tiggemann Study Continued: Intramurals
Ensure intramurals are not all about floor hockey

Extra-Curricular
Explore the idea of junior teams so varying levels can be involved, not just those who excel

Instructors need to focus on building skills and encouraging success.
Help build student’s confidence What Parents, Coaches and Teachers Can Do
Gym Class:
Offer a variety of activities to engage students including:
-Dance, Gymnastics, Aerobics, Yoga

The goal should be to enhance girl’s confidence when it comes to physical activity.

Allow Girls the chance to excel in gym class by ensuring that it is not always sport dominated Eccles and Harold study done in 1983 looked at the motivational factors that influence a person’s decision to participate in a certain activity.

Found that choice is directly relate to:
Performance expectations
Cultural norms
Experiences one has growing up
Aptitude
Personal Beliefs/Attitudes of these activities Ecles and Harold Study Changes in Skeletal Mass with Age Gym class should be co-ed at least up until students are 12 years of age.

In theory there should be no difference between the abilities of boys and girls up until this point, nor should there be any differences in the expectations we hold for boys and girls.

Therefore, there is no such thing as
“THROWING LIKE A GIRL”

Just throwing like
someone who has done it a lot versus
someone who hasn’t And so, Changes in Skeletal Mass with Age Eccles and Harold study done in 1983 looked at the motivational factors that influence a person’s decision to participate in a certain activity.

Found that choice is directly relate to:
Performance expectations
Cultural norms
Experiences one has growing up
Aptitude
Personal Beliefs/Attitudes of these activities Eccles and Harold Study Gym class should be co-ed at least up until students are 12 years of age.

In theory there should be no difference between the abilities of boys and girls up until this point, nor should there be any differences in the expectations we hold for boys and girls.

Therefore, there is no such thing as
“THROWING LIKE A GIRL”

There is a difference between
someone who has practiced a lot versus
someone who has not And so, What Parents, Coaches and Teachers Can Do
Gym Class:
Offer a variety of activities to engage students including:
-Dance, Gymnastics, Aerobics, Yoga

The goal should be to enhance girl’s confidence when it comes to physical activity.

Allow Girls the chance to excel in gym class by ensuring that it is not always sport dominated Suggestions: Intramurals
Ensure intramurals are not all about floor hockey

Extra-Curricular
Explore the idea of junior teams so varying levels can be involved, not just those who excel

Instructors need to focus on building skills and encouraging success.
Help build student’s confidence Muscular Growth among Adolescents Dudley Study He looked at factors that effects girl's participation in school sports. Parental Influence From the time children are born parents treat sons and daughters differently.
Parents encourage their children to participate in gender specific activities.
Also boys are more likely to do the more physically demanding chores like mowing the lawn and painting, while girls do the domestic chores like cooking and doing the laundry.
Boys bedrooms are usually blue and have sport or vehicle themes while girls rooms are usually pink or purple and have dolls and manipulative toys.
Families where the mother fixes the car or the father participates in the domestic chores have been found to have children with the highest scores in parental warmth and support. Parents Influence on Sport Parents influence their children’s beliefs in a variety of ways.
Eccles et.al. found a link between father’s rating of their child’s sport ability and the child’s belief of their ability in early elementary to grade 12, even when there were no actual initial-ability differences.
Girls are less likely to participate in sport than boys in elementary school. Plus, boys have more confidence when it comes to their sport performance. School must enforce programs that teach boys and girls of later adolescent age how to do resistance training, plyometric exercises, and other activities that promote health and wellness. According to Benefits (2000), teenage girls are six times more likely to drop out of sports than teenage boys.

If both men and women model gender-typed activities often enough, neutrality will eventually be brought about (Hardin & Greer, 2009)

Girls will be more inclined to take part in sports if they are seen as gender-neutral. Resistance exercise was previously viewed as unsafe for children. Many recent studies have shown that if properly implemented, it can be an effective way to condition children.
"Engage boys and girls in a variety of strength building activities that refine fundamental movement skills and enhance their perceived confidence in their abilities to be physically active" (Faigenbaum & Myer, 2011).

Fun games are also a great way to get children involved in activities that will develop the muscles in their growing bodies.

The goal is to engage all children in daily activities that will build their muscles and teach them how to care for their bodies and live healthy lifestyles that will ensure long term health. Activities Continued... Muscle Growth & Strength in Early Adolescence Activities for Early Adolescence Types of Physical Movement What Is Early Adolescence? Ages 10-14

Develop in 4 main areas:
-Physical
-Cognitive
-Emotional & Social
-Sensory & Motor
Bone growth surpasses muscle development.

Muscles will grow first in size then in strength.

Locomotor Movement
Nonlocomotor Movement
Manipulative Movement Age 10 & 11 Age 12 Types of Training for Early Adolescence Athletes
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