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Copy of What is a typical day like, as a Roman soldier in Britain?

A day in the life of a Roman soldier, living in Britain. What he would do, and how he would live.
by

Stephen Feeney

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of Copy of What is a typical day like, as a Roman soldier in Britain?

What is a typical day like as a Roman soldier in Britain? Food Clothes Weapons Warfare Lifestyle Daily Routine The most important part of a soldier's diet was bread. A soldier would be given a certain amount of grain every day to make their own porridge and bread. Along with the grain the soldiers also ate meat, eggs and cheese. Each fort would have livestock like chickens. The soldiers would also trade with the locals to get extra wheat and they loved Celtic beer. The most important foods for Roman soldiers were imported from Italy. Roman soldiers loved olives and wine! As the climate was colder in Britain than in Italy, the Romans had to adjust to the weather. The idea that Romans went everywhere in tunics and boots was therefore completely wrong! So to keep them warm the Romans would wear cloaks and trousers which were more like leggings. Roman soldiers wore sandals, with iron studs on the leather soles. These would be very hard wearing. Roman soldiers would wear armour made from leather and strips of iron. He would wear a metal helmet, and carried a curved rectangular shield made from wood and leather. The soldiers main weapons would be one short sword and a long spear, which could be thrown. The javelin would get stuck into the enemies shield easily because of its bendy shaft, the spear would get in the way and the enemy would throw his shield away. Romans usually fought in lines, marching forward with their shields facing the enemy. If they were being fired at from above the men would lift their shields over their heads for protection. This is the testudo. The Romans had so much land they needed quick mobile troops to protect it, so they had horsemen and infantry men. Soldiers had special skills like:
shooting bows and arrows
firing giant catapults
building bridges
smashing through forts Every soldier would carry their own food, camping equipment and spare clothes.
3 times a month they had to walk 30km. They also had to learn to swim and ride a horse. A Roman's usual daily routine would be as follows: Waking up at sunrise A trip to the toilets Breakfast Training Duties Mess, main meal Free time, baths and the vicus (a large settlement close to the fort). Back to the barracks You would spend the night sleeping with 7 other soldiers in your barracks, with only a woollen blanket to keep you warm. The toilets were just a long bench of holes next to each other: below would be running water to wash away your waste. Soldiers would clean themselves using a communal sponge on a stick. The soldiers would train every day so that they were ready for battle at all times. Training would be long and vigorous. Discipline was also very harsh. Centurions carried a vine stick which they used to beat soldiers. Most of the duties invovlved keeping the fortress in shape. The soldiers could also learn skills like pottery and leather working. The soldiers' main meal of the day was made by themselves; they had to cook their own food. The soldiers could enjoy the bath house in their free time. They could also visit the civilian vicus, which was the village next to the soldiers fortress. The day is finished off in the barracks where they sleep, with maybe some board games and gambling. A soldier got a decent wage and they could learn a valuable craft.
You were also given a special burial!! So what is a typical day like as a Roman soldier in Britain?

Despite the fighting, relatively nice! The Roman Army was made up of Roman citizens. To join the army you had to be recommended by someone in the army, be physically fit and of good character. Recruits were normally aged between 18 and 22 but some were as young as 15. Who was in the army? The Roman army had 28 legions. Each legion had between 5,000 and 6,000 men.
These were divided into 10 cohorts.
Each cohort had 6 centuries of about 80 men led by a centurion.
Each century was split into groups of 8 men who shared a tent or barrack room. Today we will be looking at...... You are going to apply for a job as a Roman soldier.

You will need to include in your application:

All the good things about being a Roman soldier. What benefits are there?
What would make you a good soldier?
Any questions you have about the job. L.O. I can apply for a job as a Roman soldier. Legionaries didn’t just fight. They also built camps, bridges, forts, walls and roads.

There were also specialists jobs such as doctors, cooks, carpenters, engineers and blacksmiths
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