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A Day in the Life of an Ancient Egyptian High Priest

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Row Col

on 16 September 2012

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Transcript of A Day in the Life of an Ancient Egyptian High Priest

A Day in the Life of an Egyptian High priest According to a secondary source, an ancient egyptian High Priest, was the most authoritative and powerful priest in Egyptian occurrences. High priest are in the second highest hierarchy, below the pharaoh. They were appointed by the pharaoh as well. The appointment of the high priest was together a religious and political one.
The appointment was held within a powerful family for many generations.The Egyptians believed the priests played an important role in caring for the needs of the gods. If the priests duties were disregarded, it was thought that problems would arise. Due to the significance of their role for the society, the priest were well compensated. Place in Society life style Roles According to a secondary source, the role of an egyptian high priest was very important in the ancient egyptian society because they would assist the pharaoh with his decisions. In much of Ancient Egyptian history the crowning of the new Pharaoh was under the high priests control.
At the end of the 20th Dynasty, the High Priests of Amun, wished to and even succeeded the power of the Pharaoh .In the Old Kingdom of ancient Egypt there were women holding the title of high priest, but never later in history.Female Servants of the gods from noble families were welcomed in to the temple life and were linked to the goddesses .Some of them worked as singers, dancers and musicians in the temples. According to a secondary source, an ancient egyptian high priest would have to be ready for dawn to for fill all the rituals. High priests would normally marry and have children. They would enjoy family life. The high priests, along with all the other priests would live in their temples. They would wear leopard-skin cloaks and various other items. According to a secondary source , only the high priest was allowed in the sacred area of the temple and go up to the statue representing the god or goddess.
The ancient egyptian people where allowed to pray at the gate or in the court to the Pharaoh, who acted as a link to the people and the gods. In the Old Kingdom of ancient Egypt there were women possessing the title of high priest, but never later in ancient egyptian history. Priests had certain conditions to meet while they were "on duty." They were only granted to wear linens or clothing made of plants. pieces of clothing that were made from animals were not accepted. They were required to shave the hair of their heads and bodies daily. Baths of cold water were taken numerous times daily. They had to practice sexual abstinence while fulfilling their duties at the temple. Rights and Responsibilities Religious beliefs and rituals In ancient Egypt less than 2% of society was known to be literate. High priests were often old and wise in their years. The Ancient Egyptians had schools but they were just for males who were in training to be scribes and officials for the priesthood or civil administration. The royal family had their own special tutors and the 'ordinary people' were educated at home. A son would receive training in the professional secrets of his father's trade or craft. The subjects that were taught at school were mainly reading, writing and arithmetic. These were essentials for priests and artists and also for government officials who had to deal with the complicated tax system. Education According to a secondary source, the high priests main task was not to see to the people's spiritual or moral welfare, and it was also not his job to spread teachings about the gods superiority. The High priests' main job was to look after the gods and goddesses and their needs.High priests' assisted as a political adviser to the Pharaoh. The Pharaoh also chose Priests to act for him at the different temples, their number depending on the size of the temple and the cult popularity, or reputation. occupation This is where high priests were placed in the rankings on the ancient egyptian society pyramid. The priest would care for the god in the following ways:
In the morning, the high priest breaks the seal, lights a torch to walk the god, says prayers, lights incense, washes the statue (which may be solid gold), places fresh clothing and jewels on it and places offerings of food and drink near it. Singers offer hymns of praise to the god. At the end of the day, the priest backs out of the shrine, sweeping away his footprints as he goes, and seals the sacred area again. (Pg. 43 Day, 2001) Quotes Quotes Bibliography By Rowena Colbrook "For much of Egyptian history, there was no class of full-time professional priests." (Redford, 2002, pg 315). According to a secondary source, as the high priest, it was their job to 'look after' and to 'please' the Gods.The God, in the form of a statue, was located in a shrine, the naos, which was built of stone or wood and was placed in the innermost chamber of the temple. The statue could be made of stone, gold or gilded wood, decorated with semi-precious stones. Often it was smaller than life sized. It was not observed as an idol, but as the receptacle of the deity´s ka. Three times a day, rituals, or services, were performed at this shrine. At dawn the temple singers awoke the god by singing the Morning Hymn. And after having cleanse himself, or herself, the high priest leading the Morning Service, broke the seal and pulled back the bolts that had been tied the night before, and the doors to the god was opened. Now the god received the same purification process as the priests had already gone through. Incense was burned, the god was dressed, perfumed, or scented and had cosmetics put on, in the same way as the King would have been prepared for the day. ancient egyptian map "the Greek historian Herodotus believed the Egyptians 'have reversed the ordinary practices of mankind'." PB, viewed 8 september 2012, <http://ss6shms.pbworks.com/w/page/24556952/Ancient%20Egypt>.
wiki answers, viewed 8 september 2012, <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Where_did_the_ancient_Egyptian_priests_live&isLookUp=1#Q=Where%20did%20the%20ancient%20Egyptian%20priests%20live%3F>.
isis moon temple, viewed 8 september 2012, <http://www.isismoontemple.com/temple13priests.html>.
philae nu 1998 - 2006, viewed 8 september 2012, <http://www.philae.nu/philae/priesthood.html>.
history link 101 2000-2012, viewed 8 september 2012, <http://www.historylink101.net/egypt_1/religion_role_of_priest.htm>.
aldokkan 2001-2011, viewed 8 september 2012, <http://www.aldokkan.com/society/high_priest.htm>.
love egypt.com 2006-2007, viewed 8 september 2012, <http://www.love-egypt.com/life-in-ancient-egypt.html>.
sleeping gypsy 2008-2011, viewed 8 setember 2012, <http://www.sleeping-gypsy.com/inspirations.html>.
experience ancient egypt 2009-2012, viewed 8 september 2012, <http://www.experience-ancient-egypt.com/ancient-egyptian-clothes.html>.
BBC, viewed 8 September 2012, <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/women_01.shtml >.
Ancient Egypt Priests, viewed 11 september 2012, <http://www.ancient-egypt-priests.com/AE-Life-english.htm>. (brave pages n.d.)
(aldokkan 2001-2011)

(experience ancient egypt 2009-2012)
(history link 101 2000-2012)
(isis moon temple n.d.)

(philae nu 1998 - 2006) (BBC 2012)
(brave pages n.d.) (aldokkan 2001-2011)
(philae nu 1998 - 2006) (PB n.d.) (isis moon temple n.d.)
(Ancient Egypt Priests n.d.)
(history link 101 2000-2012)
(experience ancient egypt 2009-2012)
(philae nu 1998 - 2006)
(aldokkan 2001-2011) (love egypt.com 2006-2007) (sleeping gypsy 2008-2011) (aldokkan 2001-2011) (aldokkan 2001-2011)
(philae nu 1998 - 2006)
(history link 101 2000-2012) (philae nu 1998 - 2006) (aldokkan 2001-2011)
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