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Copy of Heir Conditioning
Transcript of Copy of Heir Conditioning
Biography of Poet
Those living in the grandchild's generation become more materialistic.
Nature is more afraid of the humans.
The grandparents answer the grandchild’s questions.
The reason on why they did not experience because back then, they lacked of knowledge.
They were afraid of God and nature in those days.
Unfortunately, now, the nature fears the human race and
money is the only obsession to human.
"Grand dad, did you breathe
before air cons were invented"
A student of Victoria Institution from
1952 to 1958.
A degree holder from University of Malaya.
A Masters from Harvard University.
A Doctorate in Oxford University.
Dato’ M. Shanmughalingam
The grandchild asks his grandparents about the life they had before any advanced technology was invented.
Was it complicated for him to live in the life without technology?
He asks his grandmother about the paper fans she used to cool herself.
What were the possibilities for them to communicate without faxes and long distance calls?
The grandchild asks his grandfather if he was able to breathe before air conditioners were invented.
"was it hard staying
alive without modern inventions?"
The grandchild asks whether his grandfather
found it hard to live without
any modern technologies.
"Grandma weren’t you flustered
as you fluttered with paper fans?"
"Could you communicate before
faxes and long distance calls
became basic necessities?"
The grandchild asks his grandmother
whether she was bothered
when she had to cool herself
with paper fans.
The grandchild is curious how
his grandparents communicated before
fax machines and telephones
"Grandchild we lived
before your age. (cont.)"
of our ignorance,
we did not know
pollution, stress, traffic jams
destruction of forests, streams and hills"
The grandparents say that they
lived at an earlier time than
However, because the grandparents
they didn’t have to face problems
such as pollution, stress, etc.
"We feared God and nature"
"Now nature fears you and
money is your new God"
The grandparents were afraid
of God and they respected
Nature is being threatened by
the grandchild’s generation and
money has become their obsession.
Most probably at the grandparents’ home.
Shows us that overtime lifestyles have changed.
Tone & Mood
- to seeks answers to his questions.
- to show the impact of Man’s actions on the environment
Point of View
Two personas - the grandparents
and the grandchild.
1. Technology Keeps Improving
‘modern inventions’ and ‘basic necessities’
imply that technology has and will keep on improving.
Heavy chores have been made easy with modern inventions.
2. Change in Value System
The younger generation do not fear God,
unlike the older generations.
They have become more materialistic;
giving priority to riches and money.
3. Preserve Nature as Nature Preserves Life
To preserve life, God has created nature.
The poet gives the consequences of
not preserving nature.
1. Appreciate Nature
Lifestyles and priorities have changed
after modern inventions.
The present generation does not appreciate nature;
become more materialistic.
money now is
2. Respect and Love
Through the question and answer session, we know that there is mutual respect and love in this family.
They make attempts to educate and warn the granchild of the dangers of modern inventions to the environments.
3. Believe in God
Material things has made younger generations forget God.
The need to believe in God is slowly fading as other objects and material things become more important.
(stanza 1, line 5 and 6)
(stanza 1, line 6)
(stanza 1, line 5 and 6)
"Grand dad did
before air cons were
was it hard staying
a life without modern
as you fluttered with paper fans?"
focus on the grandparents
the whole concept of the poem
The relationship between Greatness of God
and its invention; the nature.
human beings who changed the natural environments and became obsessed with money.
(who pronounced as ‘air’): the grandchild.
: the acts of giving comfort and pleasure to somebody or something.
: the new generation who supposed to be the heirs of the old, being conditioned with modern style of living.
money is your new God
(line 19, stanza 2)
compared to priority. Their only priority would be the
, which carries the underlying meaning of profit.
…nature fears you…
(stanza 2, line 18)
Giving the act of human to the
to insist how serious the effects of uncontrolled development to the environment.
‘pollution’, ‘stress’, ‘traffic jams’
(stanza 2, line 14)
‘destruction of forests, streams and hills’
(stanza 2, line 15 & 16)
To symbolize the effects of rapid development in the country.
The author wishes that the modern invention would make life easy.
However, it has brought with it new problems such as stress, traffic jams, and pollution.
Style of Writing:
Structured and Style
Two stanzas - 9 lines in stanza one, stanza two has 10 lines.
Free verse style of writing.
Does not use any rhyming words or couplets, which makes this an open poem.
Employed a light an easy conversational writing style.
the poet uses many questions to portray a child’s inquisitiveness about his surroundings.
the responses given by his grandparents imply the seriousness of modern invention to the environment.
A dialogue between the grandparents and their grandchild:
Strong messages in the last two lines:
Talk about the differences between the two generations in their own view.
Grandchild asks his or her grandparents about what life was like in the old days without any advanced technology - back then, their life was much simpler and they did not have to face the problems of today's world.
They did not have the knowledge to create many technological inventions during their time.