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Discrimination - An Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology, and Sociology Culminating

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Maggie Kyle

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of Discrimination - An Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology, and Sociology Culminating

L: Lesbian-Women attracted to women.
G: Gay - Men attracted to men.
B: Bisexual - People attracted to both men and women.
T: Transgendered - People who are the opposite gender internally than the body the sex they are born with, whether male to female (MTF) or female to male (FTM).
T: Transsexual - A person who has undergone surgery and hormone treatment to acquire the physical characteristics of the opposite sex.
I: Intersex. People born into bodies that are not clearly, or only, male or female; hermaphrodites.
Q: Queer - People who don’t want to label themselves by their sex acts but do want to claim being different. Reclaimed from a hate term Queer can be offensive depending on usage.
Q: Questioning - People questioning out who they are attracted to.
A: Asexual - People without sexual feelings or associations.
P: Pansexual. People not limited or inhibited in sexual choice with regard to gender or activity.
2S: Two-spirit. Aboriginal people who are part of the LGBTTIQQAP2SA community.
A: Allies - Straight people who support the LGBTTIQQAP2S community. Discrimination - treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than who they are as an individual
Heterosexism - a prejudiced attitude or discriminatory practices against homosexuals by heterosexuals, assumption or belief all people are heterosexual
Homophobia - An extreme hatred or fear of homosexuality or homosexuals.
Transphobia - An extreme and irrational aversion to transgender people.
Sexism - Prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination on the basis of sex Gender Identity - identity as it is experienced with regard to your individuality as male or female

Sexual Orientation - A person's sexual identity in relation to the gender to which they are attracted

Sex - either of the two main categories (male and female) species are devided on the bases of reproduction organs.

Gender - The social and cultural differences of being male or female. Bullying A typical elementary teacher or student hears anti-gay slurs every day, in the halls, in classrooms, in the staff room.
Nine out of ten transgender students, six out of ten LGB students, and three out of ten straight students were verbally harassed because of their expression of gender.
Three-quarters of LGBTQ students and 95% of transgender students felt unsafe at school, compared to one-fifth of straight students.
Over half of LGBTQ students did not feel accepted at school, and almost half felt they could not be themselves, compared to one-fifth of straight students.
25 per cent of LGBTQ students indicated being physically harassed due to their sexual orientation, compared to eight per cent of non-LGBTQ students.
31 per cent of LGBTQ students reported personal harassment on the internet or via text messaging, compared to eight per cent of non-LGBTQ students.
73 per cent of LGBTQ students reported they felt unsafe at school, compared to 20 per cent who did not.
51 per cent of LGBTQ students reported they did not feel accepted at school, compared to 19 per cent of non-LGBTQ students
85 per cent of LGBTQ students reported being verbally harassed at school in the past year because of their sexual orientation. 40 per cent reported being physically harassed. 19 per cent reported being physically assaulted
Compared to Canada, fewer of the American students, 61 per cent, reported that they felt unsafe in school because of their sexual orientation. A study in Ontario found that 20% of trans people had experienced physical or sexual assault due to being trans, and 34% were subjected to verbal threats or harassment.
Trans people in both Canada and the US report high levels of violence, harassment, and discrimination with respect to finding stable housing or employment, and in accessing health or social services . One US study found that a third of trans people had lost or been denied a job because of their trans identity.
A study of ethnic minority male-to-female transgender youth found that 18% of them were currently homeless.
Two studies in the US found that 89% of lesbians and bisexual women experienced a negative reaction when they came out to their doctor. A study of medical students found that one quarter were significantly homophobic, and nine percent viewed homosexuality as a mental disorder. Current World Issues Definitions Suicide 1969 Canada decriminalizes homosexual acts for consenting adults over 21.
1971 Toronto’s first Gay Day Picnic is held at Hanlan’s Point.
1977 Quebec becomes the first major jurisdiction in the world to prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation. Canada lifts an immigration ban on homosexual men.
1982 The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees the “right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination.” It does not explicitly protect sexual orientation, but, in 1995, the Supreme Court of Canada rules that sexual orientation should be “read in.”
1988 Canada’s Svend Robinson becomes the country’s first openly gay MP.
The United Church of Canada becomes the first church in Canada to allow the ordination of gays and lesbians.
1991 The City of Toronto officially proclaims Pride Day for the first time.
1992 Canada lifts a ban on homosexuals in the Canadian Forces.
2001 Libby Davies of Vancouver becomes Canada’s first openly lesbian Member of Parliament.
2003 British Columbia and Ontario begin marrying same-sex couples.
2005 Canada becomes the fourth country to officially sanction gay marriage nationwide.
*Canada has yet to protect gender identity and gender expression in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as a result transgender people are discriminated against. Although it is protected in Ontario and British Columbia and other provinces are working towards protecting it. Nations That Have Legalized Gay Marriage
The Netherlands (2000)
Belgium (2003)
Spain (2005)
Canada (2005)
South Africa (2006)
Norway (2008)
Sweden (2009)
Portugal (2010)
Iceland (2010)
Argentina (2010)
Denmark (2012)
Parts of the USA and Mexico The Netherlands (2001); Belgium (2003); Spain and Canada (2005); South Africa (2006); Norway (2008); Sweden (2009); Argentina, Iceland, Portugal (2010); Denmark (2012). Gay couples can legally adopt in all of the countries that have legalized gay marriage, plus Brazil and the United Kingdom. What is homosexuality? Two people in love. They are constantly discriminated against all around the world because they love people who are the same gender as them self. They have been bullied, murdered, denied rights, became homeless, physically and sexually harassed, killed in genocide, charged, put in jail, sentenced to death penalty, fired from jobs, been unable to get married, told they have a mental disorder and put through shock therapy for loving. For being who they are born. Bullying Many countries around the world discriminate against gays when it comes to marriage. Only 11 countries allow gay marriage and before. Countries have only began letting gays get married since 2000. Other countries recognize gay marriage but do not perform it, some countries are working to legalize gay marriage, and others allow gay marriage in part but not all of the country. It is important that everyone has the right to get married because people should be allowed to commit him/herself for life. Marriage is a human right of a special bond between two people not a heterosexual privilege. Gay Marriage Canada has made strides in gay rights. In less than forty years Homosexuality went from being considered a crime to gay marriage being practiced. Canada is considered one of the safest countries for homosexuals. Although there is still a stigma around being gay, violent hate crimes because of sexual orientation are the most frequent. Many of these hate crimes involve youth. This bullying and harassment is causing youth to have mental health problems and commit suicide. Several people are seeing the problem and starting to help to end the fear and hatred around being gay these include out celebrities and organizations. 13% — The proportion of all hate crimes that were motivated by sexual orientation in 2009.188 — The number of hate crimes in 2009 that were motivated by sexual orientation, up 18% from 2008.74% — The proportion of hate crimes motivated by sexual orientation in 2009 that were violent in nature. Minor assaults were the most frequent type of violent hate crime.This percentage was higher than the proportion of violent incidents motivated by race/ethnicity (39%) or religion (21%).Sexual orientation was one of the top three motivations for hate crimes; The second most likely place for hate crimes to be committed was in educational facilities; and Hate crimes predominantly affected youth: approximately one-half of all victims and three-quarters of those accused were between the ages of twelve and twenty-four. O' Canada The True North Strong And Free Places where same-sex marriages are recognised but not performed
Israel 2006
Rhode Island (US) 2007
California (US) 2007
Maryland (US) 2010
Mexico (all states) 2010
Tasmania (Aus) 2010
Queensland (Aus) 2011
Uruguay 2012 Places where same-sex marriages are imminent
New Zealand
Washington State (USA)
United Kingdom
Paraguay 42% of LGBTQ youth studied had thoughts of suicide at some time. 48% said thoughts of suicide were clearly or to some degree related to their sexual orientation.Youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, two-spirited, queer or unsure of their sexual orientation were 3.4 times more likely to report a suicide attempt in the previous 12-month period.Studies have found high rates of depression, anxiety, obsessive–compulsive and phobic disorders, suicidal thoughts and acts, self-harm, and alcohol and drug dependence among LGBT people (5-7).LGB people are one and almost twice as likely to experience childhood maltreatment, interpersonal violence, and personal loss and are at double the risk of developing post traumatic stress disorder as their heterosexual peers.Meta-analysis studies found that sexual minority individuals were two and a half times more likely than heterosexuals to have attempted suicide and had a risk of depression and anxiety one and a half times higher than heterosexuals.A large statistically representative study of trans people in Ontario found that 77% had seriously considered suicide, and 45% had attempted suicide. Trans youth were at greatest risk of suicidality, as were those who had experienced physical or sexual assault. Gay and trans youth who are bullied because of their sexuality or gender identity are at high risk of committing suicide. This is a serious problem. All youth should have the opportunity to be loved and accepted for who they are regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender identity. Several celebrities and people have posted videos online for the It Gets Better campaign. Suicide is a mental health problem. Suicide in gay teens is too common. People need to stop bullying. That's So Gay... 89.2% of students frequently hear “THAT’S SO GAY” OR “YOU’RE SO GAY” The phrase "That's so gay..." is frequently heard in schools and in society. That's so gay is offensive because it is used in the context to mean that something is annoying or stupid which is like saying that someone's sexuality is annoying or stupid. When LGBT youth hear that's so gay it has a relation to LGBT youth suicide. People should think before they speak and stop replacing the word gay for stupid and annoying because it hurts others. Laws. The LGBT community has laws supporting and discriminating them all around the world. Some of the laws that discriminate against them do not let them join armed forces, do not let gay couples adopt children, do not let gays get married, do not let transgender people change birth documents to their gender. Some countries have laws that protect discrimination and hate crimes against homosexuals and transgender people. In fact in 76 countries you can be punished for sexual orientation seven of which includes a death penalty whereas only 53 countries have anti-discriminatory laws that apply to sexuality and 26 countries recognize same sex unions. In World War Two Holocaust homosexuals were killed. Countries where homosexuals are punished with death penalty
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Mauritania A major problem facing gay youth is being bullied at school. Several youth are physically, sexually, and verbally harassed for their sexual orientation, gender identity or not fulfilling society's gender stereotypes. Homeless and family rejection Several LGBT youth become rejected by their parents after coming out. Due to the parents neglect many LGBT youth are homeless. When they become homeless they are at increased risk of victimization and suffer higher rates of mental health problems including suicide and depression and unprotected sex. As you can see the LGBT community is discriminated against in several ways all around the world. Whether it be someone bullying, parents rejecting their child, laws banning rights such as marriage and adoption, and so much more. Together we need to stop discrimination against homosexuals and transgender people. This video is of what people tweeted during twitter trend #tomyunbornchild. (2013, January 10). Growing up lgbt in america. website: http://www.hrc.org/files/assets/resources/Growing-Up-LGBT-in-America_Report.pdf(2011, July 8). Gay pride... by the numbers. Retrieved from Statistics Canada website: http://www42.statcan.ca/smr08/2011/smr08_158_2011-eng.htm(2013, January 10). Facts and statistics. Retrieved from Toronto District School Board website: http://www.tdsb.on.ca/_site/viewitem.asp?siteid=15&menuid=5401&pageid=4717(2013, January 10). Marriage equality around the world. Retrieved from Australian Marriage Equality website: http://www.australianmarriageequality.com/wp/overseas-same-sex-marriages/(2013, January 10). Think before you speak. Retrieved from GLSEN website: http://www.thinkb4youspeak.com/
Videos come from Youtube. Photos come from Google Images. Sources
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