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Communicable and Noncommunicable Diseases

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Krista Pressley

on 7 December 2015

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Transcript of Communicable and Noncommunicable Diseases

Communicable and Noncommunicable Diseases
Examples of Noncommunicable or Chronic Diseases
Examples of Communicable or Infectious Diseases
Chicken Pox
Rubella
Mumps
Tuberculosis
Lyme Disease
Communicable diseases
A disease that can be passed to a person from another person, animal or object is called a communicable disease.
Communicable diseases are also called infectious diseases.
Noncommunicable Diseases
Diseases that are not
transmitted by pathogens. These diseases are passed down from parents to children, or through unhealthy lifestyle choices such as smoking or poor nutrition.
These are also called chronic diseases.
Chronic Disease
Chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and depression, cause more than half of all deaths worldwide.
Communicable diseases are spread by pathogens. They can be spread through the air, food, water or sometimes insects.
Chronic diseases are long-term diseases that affect people of all ages, both rich and poor, in every ethnic group. Chronic diseases are not usually spread by pathogens.
Essential Vocabulary
Disease
: a disorder or incorrectly functioning organ, part, structure or system of the body.
Germ
: a microorganism that causes disease.
Infect
: affect or contaminate.
Infectious
: tending to spread from one to another. A synonym for infectious is contagious.
Organism
: a living being.
Pathogen: tiny organisms that cause communicable diseases.
Symptom
: a sign or indication of something.
Transmit
: to send, spread or pass on.
Transmission
: the act or process of spreading.
How do germs spread?
https://www.sophia.org/tutorials/bill-nye-demonstration-how-do-germs-spread
Let's complete the quiz together!
Allergies
Asthma
Cerebral Palsy
Cystic Fibrosis
High Blood Pressure
Alzheimers
Heart Disease
Depression
Arthritis
Diabetes
Cancer
Strokes
Essential Vocabulary 2
Morbidity: Having a disease or symptoms of a diseases, or the amount of disease in a population.

Mortality: Another term for death rate, or the number of deaths in a certain group of people in a certain period of time.

Morbidity and mortality due to communicable or infectious diseases have been reduced with the use of vaccines. Morbidity and mortality due to chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease have increased.
Influenza (Flu)
Measles
Pneumonia
Whooping Cough
STDs (ex. HIV/AIDS)
Viruses
Morbidity and mortality have been reduced in communicable or infectious disease with the use of vaccines. They have increased due to the increase of chronic disease such as cancer and heart disease.
Infectious diseases decrease....chronic diseases increase
Let's look at a timeline of infectious or communicable disease!
http://abpischools.org.uk/page/modules/infectiousdiseases_timeline/index.cfm
How do you prevent communicable or infectious diseases?
1. Get vaccinated
2. Wash your hands...often!
a. after using the restroom
b. before eating or preparing food.
c. after coughing or sneezing
3. Keep away from sick people
4. Cough or sneeze into your elbow or tissue
5. Stay home if you are sick with a fever
How do you prevent noncommunicable or chronic disease?
1. Visit your doctor yearly
2. Eat well-balanced meals
3. Exercise regularly, at least 3 times a week for 30 minutes
4. Do not smoke
5. Maintain a healthy weight
What people are dying from then
and now

6th grade - Eyes & Ears and why they are important
http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/
Your vision and hearing are two of your most important senses! Learn to take care of your eyes and ears early so you can see and hear when you're older!
8th - Some Environmental and Behavioral Factors can also Lead to Chronic Disease
Environmental -- smog, mold, pollen,
change of seasons, living in a big city, exposure to second hand smoke and exposure to chemicals.
Behavioral -- smoking, too much exercise, poor nutrition, physical inactivity, being overweight, and drug use.
The above can lead to asthma, allergies, diabetes and epilepsy. All can develop in childhood or teenage years!
7th grade - Immune system
https://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/videos/F71FB77A-9BFE-49BB-9D29-D4EC21D3A8F8?hasLocalHost=false
1. Skin
2. White Blood Cells
3. Lymphatic System
a. B cells
b. T cells
Vaccines are actually weakened or deadened pathogens that cause a lessened immune response, so you don't get sick from that disease again!
Funny ads and news stories about infectious disease
Full transcript