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Sociology In Sport

Year 11 HPE Unit - Introduction to Sociology and Figueroa's framework. Specific analysis of Sport at the 'Structural' level.
by

Craig Crossley

on 13 June 2013

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Transcript of Sociology In Sport

Sociology in Sport
Equity and Access
Have you considered the relationship between sport and society? Is sport influenced
by society, or does society influence sport?
What factors determined your sporting choices?
Were your choices shaped by
family, friends, teachers and the media, and by opportunities you had as you
were growing up?
Have you stopped to consider what ultimately influenced these opportunities? Do all Australians have equal opportunities to participate in sport?
This area will provide a brief overview outlining the relationship between sport and society, and introduce Figueroa’s framework, a sociological tool used to study the factors that affect equity in and access to sport.
What is Sociology of Sport?
before we can answer that, It is necessary
to understand the meaning of 'Sociology' itself
Sociology is the scientific study of how human society and culture are developed and organised.
Sociologists try to find the relationship between significant features of society—such as money, politics, law, education, access and equity—and analyse how these features affect social groups.
Social groups can be classified based
on factors such as:
Sports sociologists analyse social and cultural influences through a sports perspective.
Sports can be a microcosm of society: the relationships and behaviour that happen in society are also present in sport.
Sport, in one form or another, is a part of societies and cultures throughout the word.
So, as a branch of sociology,
sociologists scientifically study the social and cultural structures, patterns and organisations within sport.
So What?? - What can studying
Sport Sociology help with?
1. It can identify and understand social problems and issues associated with sport
2. We can understand sport as not just a physical performance but also as a social phenomenon, which affects
people’s feelings, thoughts and lives.
3. We can learn about sport, to help individuals make informed choices
4. We can think about how to challenge the ways in which sport disadvantages some people and offers privileges to others.
Many people are against such changes, as they would
threaten those in power or upset what people see as the natural order of sport.
Differing Opinions!
Sports sociologists can sometimes create controversy because their conclusions call for institutional changes in society.
Sport is a great discussion topic....people who love sport love to
talk about it. Not just the result of a game, but every aspect of it. Of course,
not everyone agrees on certain things.
Two concepts that are important
to sociology are the closely
linked ideas of equity and access.
Equity is studied to determine
whether resources are distributed
fairly to all members of a society.
EQUITY
ACCESS
Sociologists also study whether
all individuals within a society
have access to resources or
whether barriers or obstacles are
in place to prevent certain groups
of people from accessing them.
Why Bother?
studying equity and access helps us to understand why some people are less likely than others to
participate in sport and physical activity.
Barriers/Obstacles?
Different types of barriers
can restrict individuals’ access to some sports and physical activities.
Examples?
Reflection: Have any barriers prevented you from participating in a particular sport or activity? What opportunities do you need to succeed in your chosen sport?
Many would argue that it is impossible to provide exactly the same opportunities and access to all
members of society. For example, is it realistic to expect that a teenager living on a remote cattle station will have the same access to surfing as another teenager living in a coastal town?
Some Barriers can't be ovecome..
Some can....
many barriers that relate to people’s beliefs and attitudes about sport and physical activity can be removed.
The study of equity and access in sport is primarily about reducing and removing the unreasonable and irrelevant barriers to participation— such as:
discrimination
prejudices
stereotyping.
This may require a shift in current attitudes.
For these reasons, the sociological study of access and equity in sport looks primarily at:
social attitudes and expectations that create barriers to participation
how such barriers are formed
how they are reinforced,
how they influence individuals’ behaviour
how they can be changed.
Acquire
Look up the meaning of the words ‘equity’ and ‘access’ in a dictionary. Then, discuss the following:
1 Why are the concepts of equity and access to sport and other physical activities considered important?
2 What might be reasonable barriers to equity and access?

Apply
1.Which types or groups of people in our society might not have equal access to sport and physical activity? Why?
2 How might having limited opportunities and access to sport and physical activity affect these individuals?

Your study in this focus area offers you the opportunity to consider sport and physical activity from different viewpoints and to critically examine
its various aspects.
Donnelly’s (1996) research suggests that:
Each of us has a gender, a social class background, a racial or ethnic affiliation and a variety of other social characteristics that serve as advantages or disadvantages in the various structural and cultural
circumstances of our lives, and we relate to each other on the basis of ours and theirs.
Every one of the complex factors listed by Donnelly interacts and contributes to our own participation. These and other factors interact to determine access and equity in exercise, sport and physical activity.
We need to recognise that many people do not have similar opportunities to participate and benefit from involvement in exercise, sport and physical
activity.
financial cost of sporting equipment
Distance
Geographical location
Access to transport.
costs of entry
membership fees
Access to facilities
to cultural attitudes about the types of activities that are appropriate for males and females
These barriers may mean that individuals who would like to participate in some form of exercise, sport or physical
activity are effectively denied access.
Figure 17.1
Lisa Sthalekar of the
Australian Southern Stars
signs autographs during the
launch of Cricket Australia’s
‘Playing in Harmony’ School
Initiative. The program,
which stems from Cricket
Australia’s partnership with
the Federal Government’s
Department of Immigration
and Multicultural Affairs,
aims to encourage children
to discuss important social
issues and celebrate
cultural diversity and
inclusion.
More on this later
Some questions to consider
who are these people?
gender
class
ethnicity
race
Caged FURY article
EXTENSION
Access the article ‘Caged Fury’ on PASSMARC and discuss how changes in society have increased the popularity of this sport.
EXTENSION :Access the article ‘Caged Fury’ on PASSMARC and discuss how changes in society have increased the popularity of this sport.
SPORT as a MICROCOSM of Society
acknowledge resources:
Amezdroz - senior pe text 3rd edition
hede, russell, weatherby - senior HPE for Queensland

Year 11 HPE
C.Crossley
2013
Full transcript