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Essentialism

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Sierra Whittemore

on 10 March 2014

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Transcript of Essentialism

Essentialism was founded by William C. Bagley.

The Essentialist movement began in the United States school system in 1938.

E. D. Hirsch was also an important figure in the Essentialist movement.
History
Essentialism
Hirsch founded the Core Knowledge Foundation in 1986

The Core Knowledge Foundation set up certain goals that students should meet in each grade.
E. D. Hirsch
William Bagley is known as the father of Essentialism.

He was a principal, school admistrator, dean of students, and professor.

He belived that students should learn certain essentials from schools.
William C. Bagley
Essentialism is a
teacher-centered philosophy
.

Essentialism "stresses rigorous practice with the traditional subjects."
About Essentialism
The teacher should be well versed in the
Common Core Curriculum
The teacher should incorporate the community into the curriculum.
Students should be held to a high standard and take test to prove that they met the requirements for that grade level.
Three Main Components of Essentialist Teaching
Essentialism is practiced in the classroom through the use of the Common Core.

It is the idea that students who will finish school will do so with the same basic knowledge as all the rest.
How it is Practiced in the Classroom
The main focus of Essentialism is to make sure that students are all taught in a similar fashion and meeting the same education goals.

It also works towards preparing students to become a well-functioning member of society.
Main Focus of Essentialism
William C. Bagley
Bagley grew up in a family a family with strict traditions, there were also many members of his family were educators.
E. D. Hirsch Jr.
He is a professor emeritus at the University of Virginia and has written many, best selling, books about educational philosophies including,
Cultural Literacy
Example
A very common real-life example of essentialism is the use of core classes.
To graduate high school everyone must have a minimum number of English, Math, Science, and Elective credits.
Acceptance of Essentialism
Many people not like to say that they support Essentialism because it is too strict, but many classrooms still operate using the basic Essentialist ideas such as the common core.
States that have adopted Common Core as of July 21st, 2010.
Sierra Whittemore
EDU 202
Professor Smith
References:
Figures, A. (2013, october 30). Teacher-centered philosophies . Retrieved from http://www.education.com/reference/article/Ref_Teacher_Centered/
Bagley, W. C. (n.d.). The case for essentialism in education. In F. Parkay & G. Hass (Eds.), Curriculum Planning Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.
David, G., & Scott, R. (2006). The teacher effectiveness movement: How 80 years of essentialist control have shaped the teacher education profession. Journal of Teacher Education, 57(2), 167-180. Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/delloliostudy/Journal Articles/Imig.pdf
Sadker, D., & Zittleman, K. (2009). Teachers, schools, and society: A brief introduction to education. (2nd ed., pp. 187-189). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Core Knowledge Foundation. (2014). E. d. hirsch, jr. Retrieved from http://www.coreknowledge.org/ed-hirsch-jr
Full transcript