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What were some of the social tensions of the 1920's?

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Jenna Senay

on 4 April 2014

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Transcript of What were some of the social tensions of the 1920's?

The Roaring Twenties
Tensions of the Decade
What were some of the tensions and problems of the 1920's?
Though most often when we think of the 1920's the "Roaring Twenties" is what comes to mind. Looking deeper into the time period, this was not always the case.
Farming
During WWl crop prices were extremely high and farmers started taking out loans and expanding to meet this high demand. When the war ended, they were left in deep debt. To offset this, some thought it would be effective to increase crop yields to earn more money. But, instead this backfired on them. Because of the large supply of crops, prices dropped.

("The 1920's: Economic Advancement and Social Tension," "Farming in the 1920s"))
Labor Problems
The union movement went backward in the 1920. SInce companies began implementing the open shop policy, union membership went down 20%.
In the South, most efforts to unionize were violently resisted
Most union strikes around the country failed

("The 1920's: Economic Advancement and Social Tension")
Nativism and Racism
Since immigration saw a dramatic increase in the early 1920s, feelings of nativism were intensified.
Most immigrants were Catholics and Jews from Eastern and Southern Europe and most Americans were protestant
The Quota Act of 1921 and 1924 limited immigration

("Social Tensions")
Sacco and Vanzetti
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian immigrants wrongly convicted of robbery and murder in a Massachusetts court in 1921
During the trial, the judge and jury apperared very prejudice against the immigrants because of their background and political beliefs

("The 1920's: Economic Advancement and Social Tension"
)
The Ku Klux Klan
A secret society of white Southerners in the United States
Called for "100% Americanism"
The newer clan that began in the 1920s attacked not just African Americans, as before, but also all non-protestants were targeted

("The Culture of the Roaring 20's")
Prohibition
The Scopes Trial
1925- it was illegal to teach Darwin's theory of evolution (The Butler Act)
In Tenessee, John Scopes who had taught the theory to his biology class was brought to trial
The results of the Scopes trial was a conviction that was later overturned. Laws that banned the teaching of evolution were rarely enforced.

("The 1920's: Economic Advancement and Social Tension")

18th Amendment- prevention by law of manufacture and sale of alcohol.
Bootlegging, speakeasies, and saloons began
Crime increased because alcohol was illegal and people still had it ; organized crime became a million dollar business
("The 1920's: Economic Advancement and Social Tension")
Timeline
1919-
18th amendment passed: prohibition
1920-
Overproduction of cotton
1921-
Sacco and Vanzetti trial
1922-
increase in tariffs
1923-
President Warren G. Harding dies of stroke
1925-
KKK march on Washington
1927-
Sacco and Vanzetti are executed
1929-
Stock market collapse
(
Smhoop- "How it all went Down" 20's timeline
)
(Kings Acadamy- "Minnesota potato farmer - 1920s")
(Historic Missourians- Mississippi Farmers)
(Explore AP History- "The Strike has Failed" Ad)
(Doc Teach- Quota Act 1924)
(Washington.edu- The Industrial Worker)
(Blog Spot- KKK)
(U.S Constitution Today- "18th Amendment")
("U.S. is Voted Dry")
Full transcript