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Transcript of Studio Ghibli
A Brief Introduction
Studio Ghibli is an animation studio located in Koganei-shi, Tokyo. It was founded in 1985, by directors Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata & producer Toshio Suzuki.
It's an internationally recognized movie company, that has produced a large number of short films, music videos and commercials as well. Their works have been nominated and won several awards including an Oscar for Best Animation Film.
Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind
Released in March 1984, the film was actually published before the foundation of the Studio, yet Nausicaä is considered to be the first Ghibli movie. It was a major breakthrough in the world of animation, captivating the Japanese audience with its innovative techniques. It was definitely a successful beginning for the Studio.
Elements in Ghibli films
Generally, Studio Ghibli Films include several common motives; aspects such as nature, fantasy, social & political issues apply to most of the films.
Joe Hisaishi (Fujisawa Mamoru) is the main music composer in Ghibli films. He has composed several scores and is generally recognised for the soundtracks he created over the years. His music consists of classical tracks, which contribute to the magical
atmosphere of the movie.
The song playing on the background is
"Howl's Moving Castle"
from the album
"Freedom - Piano Stories 4"
"Ghibli" actually means hot, dry wind, and derives from Miyazaki's passion for airplanes.
The main element in Ghibli films is Fantasy - imaginary worlds, with colorful architecture (
) inhabited by bizarre creatures (
My Neighbour Totoro
). Sceneries play a major role in Ghibli films, creating a dreamy atmosphere.
Another element in Ghibli films is the environment, and its relationship with the human kind. Several movies depict the destruction of the natural habitat by man (
), while animals are an important part of the story (
Toshio Suzuki has mentioned that Hayao Miyazaki is actually a feminist, that's why in most of his works there is a female leading role. The protagonist goes against gender roles, as she stands her own ground, without being a "damsel in distress". Nausicaä, San (
), Kiki are all independent, strong-willed women despite the fact that they live in entirely different worlds.
4. HISTORY & POLITICS
Studio Ghibli's thematology deals also with real historical facts and political ideologies.
Grave of the Fireflies
portrays the impact of the WW2 in Japan's society through the eyes of two young siblings. Moreover, social and political issues are mentioned in few other films such as
The Wind Rises
; Miyazaki's socialistic ideals are also noticeable. Most of Ghibli films send an anti-war message to the audience.
Studio Ghibli keeps up its magnificent legacy even today. A documentary,
"The Kingdom of Dreams and Madness"
was released last fall. The latest films met with success;
The Wind Rises (2013)
was nominated for an Oscar, while
The Tale of Princess Kaguya (2013)
was nominated for the Japan Academy Prize for Animation for the year. There is also a new film on the way,
Memories of Marnie
, which will be released in the summer of 2014.
The adventure continues...
Ghibli vs Disney? 
Ghibli is one of the most recognized Asian animation studios, so it has been referred to as "the Disney of Japan". Miyazaki denies that statement: "Disney was a producer, not a director. It's a very big company, they can have anything in the world". As mentioned, Studio Ghibli does all the production process without relying on external partners, thus it lacks in diversity.
Both studios target distant ranges of audience: some of the scenes in Ghibli movies may be considered too violent for young children. In addition, the elements in Disney films are different; Disney producers mainly create stories where the hero fights the evil powers and gets to live happily ever after with the beautiful princess at the end of the film.
Ghibli Wikia: http://www.nausicaa.net/wiki/Main_Page
Ghibli Blog: http://ghiblicon.blogspot.gr/
Helen McCarthy, "Hayao Miyazaki: Master of Japanese Animation", Stone Bridge Press, 1999
Ghibli World: http://www.ghibliworld.com/
Crunchyroll Studio Ghibli tag: http://www.crunchyroll.com/newsfeed/tag/studio+ghibli
Jonathan Ross interviews Hayao Miyazaki [Youtube]
The Birth of Studio Ghibli [Youtube]
"Do everything by hand, even when using a PC."
Ghibli vs Disney? 
However, there is an agreement between the two studios, in which Disney was granted many distribution rights to certain Ghibli works, on condition that these works won't be montified.
This deal managed to extend Ghibli's reputation outside of Japan; Movies like
(2001) received a large number of international awards and attracted widespread publicity.