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Joben Aldea

on 1 May 2014

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Philosophical Foundations
It helps in answering what schools are for, what subjects are important, how students should learn and what materials and methods should be used
Historical Foundations
The historical development shows the different changes in the purposes, principles and content of the curriculum
Psychological Foundations
Psychology provides a basis for the teaching and learning process.
Social Foundations
Societal culture affects and shapes the schools and their curricula.
Franklin Bobbit
Presented curriculum as a science that emphasizes on students' need

Believes that objectives with corresponding activities should be grouped and sequenced
Werret Charters
William Kilpatrick
Harold Rugg
Hollis Caswell
Ralph Tyler
Agrees with Bobbit's point of view

The subject matter and the activities are planned by the teacher
Curricula are purposeful activities which are child-centered

He introduced the project method where teacher and students plan the activities

Believed that the curriculum develops social relationships and small group instruction
Believed that curriculum should develop the whole child

Emphasized social studies and the teacher plans curriculum in advance
Sees curriculum as organized around social functions of themes, organized knowledge and learner's interest

Believes that curriculum is a set of experiences

Subject matter is developed around social functions and learners' interests
Believes that curriculum is an extension of school's philosophy

Subject matter is organized in terms of knowledge, skills and values

The curriculum aims to educate generalists and not specialists
Behaviorist Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
Humanistic Psychology
Schools are not the only institution that educate the society.
School curricula should address diversity, explosion of knowledge, school reforms and education for all
Curricula should preserve the culture of the society and its aspirations.
Society should also imbibe the changes brought about by the formal institutions called schools.
Aim of Education
: To educate the rational person; to cultivate the intellect
Role of Education
: Teachers help student think with reason
Focus in the curriculum
: Classical subjects, literary analysis and curriculum is constant
Curriculum Trends
: Use of great books and return to liberal arts
Aim of Education
: To promote the intellectual growth of the individual and educate a competent person
Role of Education
: The teacher is the sole authority in his or her subject area or field of specialization
Focus in the curriculum
: English, Science, History, Math and Foreign Language
Curriculum Trends
: Excellence in education, back to basics and cultural literacy
Aim of Education
: To promote democratic and social living
Role of Education
: knowledge leads to growth and development of lifelong learners who actively learn by doing
Focus in the curriculum
: Students' interest, human problems and affairs.
Curriculum Trends
: School reforms, relevalt and contextualized curriculum, humanistic education
Aim of Education
: To improve and reconstruct society education for change
Role of Education
: teachers act as agents of change and reform in various educational projects including research
Focus in the curriculum
: Focus on present and future trends and issues of national and international interests
Curriculum Trends
: Equality of educational opportunities in education, access to global education
Learning should be organized in order that students can experience success in the process of mastering the subject matter.
Learning constitutes a logical method for organizing and interpreting learning.
Curriculum is concerned with the process not the products; personal needs not subject matter; psychological meaning and environmental situations
prepared by: JOBEN D. ALDEA
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