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Governments of Post Classical Era

Changes in states and in attitudes toward it of societies in 600-1450
by

Wendy Ma

on 1 December 2013

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Transcript of Governments of Post Classical Era

West
Under Construction
vs.
Cohesive Government
Middle East
China/Asia
India
Africa
Europe
Trends:
monarchy
religion influenced state's policies and rulers' power
aristocrats
use of tax
Decentralized fief-holding
Centralized strong kingship
Creation of representative branch
Taxation
Aristocratic Religious Monarchy
Caliph = Imam
Advised by a diwan
Vizier, prime minister
Noble resentments
Papal supremacy
Magna Carta
Pope Boniface VIII, Unam Sanctam
"One sword, moreover, ought to be under the other, and the temporal authority to be subjected to the spiritual power."
-Protect citizens
-Everyone is bound by law.
Involved in parliament
Church have influential power to the state
Monarchy
Mainly Muslims in high official jobs (Hindus having negative attitude)
Change due to foreign rule (Arab invasion)
Divine Emperor
Grand Council
Departments of State
Censors
Magistrate governs districts
Village chief collects tax
Predominant society and culture
Huge population
Hard to adopt new ideas
Good Ruler:
Interact with the world
Frontier security
Bad Ruler
Bureaucratic conflicts
Mongol invasion
Self-govern cities
Isolation from the rest of the world
Strong sense of religion
Religious, powerful monarchy
Americas
Continuity
Tax Collectors
Threaten people to pay tribute
Bernal Diaz,
"They (villagers) said these officials robbed them of all they possessed...made the men work like slaves..."
Sultan (the Turks)
Islamic Conquest
Opposed Hindu traditions
East
North
Self governing states
ruling class mostly of Arabian and
Persian origin
Swahili culture
The coming of Islam
Convert to Islam to be exempt from taxes
conquerors
Divine king
Muslim law code
Muslim administrative practices
A Muslim historian, Zia-ud-din Barani wrote in 14th century about Ala-ud-din forbade drinking and gambling in 1294.
Expansion of land and trade.
Use of local officials
Low tax
Ibn Battuta, 1351
On his journey, Battula met with sultan Mansa Sulayman of Mali. With his emirs, together they recited the Qur'an and prayed.
Continuity
Changes
Forced labor
Inca Suspension Bridge
Machu Pichu
Temples
Korea
Japan
Vietnam
Emperor
Shogunate
Jimmu Tenno
First Emperor
Thesis:
Changes in governments
Others continuing
Negative and positive views
Patterns occurred
Charlemagne
768-814
Division 843
Invasion from Muslims and Vikings 800-900
Fief-holding
One Man Rules!
-reign of Justinian
-emperor building program
-conflict with church
Wendy Ma
Courtney Joe
Maurice Montoya
Bradley Collins
Full transcript