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Critically analyse mental health promotion and the latest approaches to suicide prevention

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Geaoid O'Sullivan

on 11 June 2013

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Transcript of Critically analyse mental health promotion and the latest approaches to suicide prevention

Gearoid O'Sullivan
T00144666 Mental health promotion and the latest approaches to suicide prevention Aim The facts of suicide and statistics
Risk factors
Reach out strategy
Use of media
Schools
Support services
National office for suicide prevention
Barriers
Recommendations Outline An overview of suicide Facing the facts Each year in Ireland more than 500 people end there lives by suicide

One in every 38 male and one in every 143 female deaths in Ireland is by suicide

Young men aged 19-24 are most at risk

(Health Service Executive 2011a) Facing the facts.... Statistically one million people die from suicide each year

Suicide is the leading cause of death among young people in Ireland

Fourth highest rate of youth suicide in the EU (15.7 per 100,000 for 15-24 years old)

(St. Patrick's University Office 2012) Facing the facts......continued.. Every person that dies of suicide six people are affected

1 in 6 tragic losses of suicide is associated with alcohol

(Miller and Eckert 2009) Continued... 527 deaths

422 male
105 female 2009 486 deaths

386 male
100 female 2010 525 deaths

439 male
86 female 2011 24th September 2012

South Kerry Coroners Court inquest into six out of eight deaths (aged 14-58)

Terence Casey calls for helpline numbers to be displayed on late night venues

(Radio Kerry 2012) 2012 ??? Suggestions? Risk Factors Central Statistics Office (2012) Press Release Vital Statistics Fourth Quarter and Yearly Summary 2011. CSO. Available from: http://www.cso.ie/en/newsandevents/pressreleases/2012pressreleases/pressreleasevitalstatisticsfourthquarterandyearlysummary2011/ (Accessed 26/09/2012).

Console (2010) Walk & Talk. Available from: http://www.console.ie/index.php?contentid=Memorial-Walk (Accessed 30/09/2012).

Deaths by Suicide. Animation image online. Available from: http://www.google.ie/imgres?q=statistics+of+suicide+in+ireland&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1366&bih=667&tbm=isch&tbnid=rDlYALOTjWXLzM:&imgrefurl (Accessed 25/09/12).

Duffy D. and Ryan T. (2004) New Approaches to Preventing Suicide: A Manual for Practitioners. 1st ed. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Facebook. Animation image online. Available from: http://www.google.ie/imgres?q=reach+out+suicide+prevention+network&start (Accessed 04/10/2012).

Health Service Executive (2009) Letsomeoneknow.ie. HSE. Available from: http://www.letsomeoneknow.ie/home/video/ (Accessed 29/09/2012). References (Central Statistics Office 2012) Biopsychosocial Risk Factors
Mental health disorders
Alcohol/substance abuse
History of abuse
Major physical illness
Previous suicide attempt

Environmental
Job/financial loss
Access to lethal means

(Qin et al. 2012) Robinson et al. (2010) identified... Sociocultural
Lack of social support
Barriers to access health care/mental health/substance abuse treatment
Exposure to family or friends who have died by suicide

(King et al. 2011) Continued.... Latest Approaches 'The vision of this strategy is of a society where life is valued across all age groups, where the young learn from and are strengthened by the experiences of others and where the needs of those who are going through a hard time are met in a caring way' Reach Out Strategy
(2005-2014) Four Levels General Population Approach (Level A) Targeted Approach (Level B) Responding to suicide (Level C) Information and Research (Level D) Development of National Forum
Training and awareness programmes
Media
National Anti-Stigma Campaign 2010
A&E responses to deliberate self-harm
Reaching young people Plan of Action (HSE et al. 2005) http://www.letsomeoneknow.ie/home/video/ Use of the Media (HSE 2009) (HSE et al. 2005 p.8) Critical incident policy
National Education Psychologist (NEPs)
Monthly meetings
Counselor Schools (White 2008) Aware
Barnardos
Console
Grow
Health Service Executive
Living Links
Mental Health Ireland
Pieta House Support Services Available Samaritans
Jigsaw??????
Senior Helpline
Shine
Teenline Ireland (HSE and NOSP 2010) Provides free and confidential mental health and support service.

The cycle hoped to:
Make communities aware jigsaw exists and the services it provides
Raise funds for future planning Jigsaw
Community Cycle Galway
(21st October) (HSE 2011a) Invites families and friends to participate in a walk around Phoenix Park

Aim:
To raise awareness of 'World Suicide Awareness Day' (10th September) Console (2010)
Annual Walk & Talk (9th September) SafeTalk National Office for Suicide Prevention (2012) General awareness training
Identify people with suicidal thoughts Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training Helps individuals provide emergency suicide first aid
Discussion groups and powerful videos involved To critically analyse mental health promotion and the latest approaches to suicide prevention The facts of suicide and statistics
Risk factors
Reach out strategy
Use of media
Schools
Support services
National office for suicide prevention
Barriers
Recommendations Conclusion 57 countries International Association for Suicide Prevention (2012) (IASP)
World Suicide prevention Day
(10th September) Articles printed in news papers
Hold press conferences
Liaise with support services in region to advertise event
Launching fairs, concerts, policies in awareness of suicide prevention Four training models: assessment, crisis management, problem solving and crisis prevention
Identification awareness of risk factors
Role-play and video feedback Skills Training on Risk Management (STORM) project More concerned with the acquisition of skills, not learning how to apply a checklist (Duffy and Ryan 2004) HSE provides 9million annually

4.2million NOSP Funding
Minister for Health (House of Oireachtas 2012) Reduce access to means
Teen resource card
Training in prevention
More media courage
6 monthly Suicide Prevention Campaigns in schools
Parenting programs Recommendations 10 HSE Resource Officers

Funding

Lack of education (Students)

Infrastructure Barriers Facebook!!! SUICIDE IS PREVENTABLE (NOSP 2010) Health Service Executive (2011a) Suicide Prevention in the Community: A Practical Guide. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Health Service Executive (2011b) National Mental Health Programme Plan. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Health Service Executive and National Office for Suicide Prevention (2010) Annual Report 2009. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Health Service Executive, National Suicide Review Group and Department of Health and Children (2005) Reach Out: National Strategy for Action on Suicide Prevention 2005–2014. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Houses of the Oireachtas (2012) Suicide Prevention. Available from: http://debates.oireachtas.ie/dail/2012/07/10/00374.asp (Accessed 03/10/2012).

International Association of Suicide Prevention (2012) World Suicide Prevention Day. IASP. Available from: http://www.iasp.info/wspd/ (Accessed 01/10/2012). References King A.K., Strunk C.M. and Sorter M.T. (2011) Preliminary Effectiveness of Surviving the Teens, Suicide Prevention and Depression Awareness Program on Adolescents' Suicidality and Self-Efficacy in Performing Help-Seeking Behaviours. Journal of School Health 81(9), 581-590.

Miller D.N. and Eckert T.L. (2009) Youth Suicidal Behaviour: An Introduction and Overview. School of Psychology Review 38(2), 153-167.

National Office for Suicide Prevention (2012) Training. Available from: http://www.nosp.ie/html/training.html (Accessed 02/10/2012).

National Office of Suicide Prevention and Health Service Executive (2010) Annual Report. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Pirruccello L.M. (2010) Preventing Adolescent Suicide: A Community Takes Action. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing 48(5), 34-41.

Qin P., Webb R., Kapur N. and Sorensen H.T. (2012) Hospitalization for Physical Illness and Risk of Subsequent Suicide: A Population Study. Journal of Internal Medicine 10(1111), 1-11.

Radio Kerry (2012) South Kerry Coroner Calls for Helpline Numbers in Late Night Venues to Prevent Suicides. RK. Available from: http://www.radiokerry.ie/news/ (Accessed 25/09/2012). References Reach Out. Animation image online. Available from: http://www.google.ie/imgres?q=reach+out+NOSP&hl=en&biw=1366&bih=667&tbm=isch&tbnid=FfL9YPNJIZQ7TM:&imgrefurl (28/09/2012).

Ruder T.D., Hatch G.M., Ampanozi G., Thali M.J. and Fischer N. (2011) Suicide Announcement on Facebook. Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention 32(5), 280-282.

Smyth C.L. and Maclachlan M. (2004) The context of suicide: An examination of life circumstances thought to be understandable precursors to youth suicide. Journal of Mental Health 13(1), 83-92.

St. Patricks's University Hospital (2012) Suicide is the Leading Cause of Death among Young Men in Ireland. SPUH. Available from: http://www.stpatrickshosp.ie/blog/suicide-leading-cause-death-among-young-men-ireland (Accessed 26/09/2012).

White M. (2008) What can we do about suicide in the new Ireland: Applying the benefits of experience and research to the prevention of suicide and to the support of the bereaved in Ireland. Dublin: Houses of the Oireachtas.

World Health Organization (2012) Public Health Action for the Prevention of Suicide: A Framework. Switzerland: World Health Organization.

YouTube (2011) HSE Mental Health Campaign. (Video). Ireland: YouTube. References Consistency of assessment and management in Emergency Departments

Partnership with voluntary agencies

Follow-up Registrar

Self Harm Management Team National Mental Health Programme Plan (2011) (Smyth and Maclachlan 2004) (Pirruccello 2010) (Ruder et al. 2011) (HSE 2011b)
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