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Governance for Sustainable Development

UNDP Ukraine Local Development Programmes

Ania Yatsyuk

on 16 June 2015

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Transcript of Governance for Sustainable Development

UNDP support within Institutional and Social Context
Challenges & Opportunities
Local Governance and Local Development Programmes UNDP Ukraine
Local Development Programmes
Our Results
More than 3100 communities were supported, 2800 community projects implemented
Worsening demographic trends
Poverty and unemployment among the rural population
Decreased living standards in rural areas
UNDP present

in all

administrative regions

of districts

of Ukrainian villages
Села та міста
Лише міські території
Лише села на територіях, постраждалих від наслідків Чорнобильської катастрофи
Лише сільські території
Policy and legal obstacles
Need for a comprehensive development programme on the local level
Changes in perception require a lot of time and resources
Window for horizontal expansion, but also for vertical scale up
Specific elements of ABD projects can be transformed and tailored to local needs
Gradual integration of community-based approach into local decision making practices ensures sustainability of results
Assistance on the grass root level helps to keep the momentum of reforms
Lessons Learned
“Channel” best practices on cross-cutting issues to the very broad audience
Power to bring policy solutions from basic, community level to the policy level
Bring policy changes to the grass-roots level
Assistance package to each region should be further developed to reflect its specific needs
Work with all levels of government to ensure sustainable results
Comprehensive capacity development programme on the local level – cooperation with Association of Local and regional Authorities
Development and implementation of local strategies on improving energy efficiency
Building up on the partnership with municipalities
Institutionalization of community led approach
What’s next?
Local Governance
for Sustainable Development

More than 20000 local activists
and local authorities were trained
Favourable environment created
for better quality of education

1198 schools/kindergartens
1.2 mln persons benefitted
Increased temperature in classes
Economized energy resources
Decreased disease rates
School attendance records increased
Conditions created for better quality and results of teaching
Improved access to schools:

58 school buses
for 36,000 pupils of rural schools
365 local health posts were repaired and got new equipment
630,000 persons receive better healthcare services
Created preconditions for better health
through 269 micro-projects
on repair / installation of water supply system
186,000 citizens got access to water supply, basic hygiene facilities and micro-irrigation
Low capacity of local civil servants
Absent democratic traditions of public involvement in local decision-making and development processes
Slow progress towards decentralization
Mindset of population is changing towards more active position in the local development
Local authorities are applying our approach on the basis of local resources
Central line ministries are using the experience of our local partners as a model for national replication
Sustainable development concept has been promoted and introduced as a training course
Our Achievements
Fostering municipal governance
18 interactive official web-sites of partner city councils created

Crowd sourcing web-based project on
solid waste management

Social media widely engaged

Web-portal of Open Government Initiative created
Introducing E-governance elements
Municipal services quality management systems ISO 9001:2008 in 6 municipalities

E-document flow introduced

Centers for Administrative Services Provision supported

Strategic plan elaborated for 1 municipality
Improving quality of municipal services
Piloting inter-municipal project on Solid Waste Management
Piloting separate waste collection in Tulchyn

Awareness campaign

Concept on SWM for rayon elaborated
Reform of Housing and Municipal Economy
Providing trainings for condominium members/managers

Elaborating training programmes for condominium members with the MinRegion

Raising awareness on effective owners
Condominiums established in 14% of multi-apartment houses
Training courses elaborated
academic course on sustainable development elaborated and introduced in

courses for heads and members of the ACMHs and house managers

complex of training modules on key issues of LSG for civil servants
Evolving from region specific programmes - moving towards more comprehensive approach

Expanding and scaling up successful models

Developing new components to meet the requirements of sustainable local development

Flexibility of approach - revision of the further actions based on the regular monitoring of the results achieved
Horizontal and vertical scaling up
Cooperation with other UN agencies:
joint activities for Chernobyl-affected territories (UNDP,UNV and UNICEF)
youth social inclusion (UNDP and UNV)
broad outreach through UNDP network at the local level (UNHCR, UNICEF)
Cross-practices initiatives:
promoting knowledge products
implementing cross-projects activities (students debates on Rio+20 agenda)
ensuring entry points
Enriching existing programmes by complimentary activities
Applying global UNDP experience
Catalytic role of HQ support
analyzing constraints and ‘windows of opportunity’ at the planning stage
prioritizing institutionalization and local ownership
adding new components following justified demand
ensuring consistency of approach
recognizing importance of communication
Innovative practices and new programmatic areas
LGLD as a Platform for cross-practices activities
Projects area
Our Response
Crimea Integration and Development Project (CIDP)
1995-2011 (28 mln. USD)
Chernobyl Recovery and Development (CRDP)
2002-2010 (8.5 mln. USD)
Regional Development Agency Support Programme
2010-2012 (2 mln. USD)
Human Security Monitoring and Public Dialogue
2010-2011 (600 000 USD)
Municipal Governance and Sustainable Development Project (MGSDP) –
2004-2013 (8.2 mln USD)
Youth Social Inclusion for Civic Engagement in Ukraine
2008-2011 (1 mln. USD)
Community Based Approach to Local Development (CBA)
2007-2015 (41 mln. USD)
Results of the sociological surveys

Interactions with local governments recognized as effective (34 percent higher than the average for Ukraine)

Improvements in the accessibility of local officials (51 percent, compared to 23 percent from the control group).

91 percent of local experts indicated that citizens’ opinions were more likely to be taken into account in local decision-making

41 percent of respondents reported more trust in local governments
Support to the National policy making process provided
33 agricultural cooperatives have been set up
Crimean Agricultural Services Cooperatives Association has been established
12 District Business promotion Centers were supported
Programme of Socio-Economic Development of Chernobyl Affected Territories
Law "On Bodies of Self-Organization of Population"
State Programme "On the Support of Small Cities Development"
Model of decentralized water supply in rural areas a
Model of Up scaling of energy-efficiency measures in multi-apartment blocks
Input to national policy development
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