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What is alcohol and alcoholism?

By: David Sainz and Cheng Xi Duan

David Sainz

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of What is alcohol and alcoholism?

What is alcohol and alcoholism? Alcohol is a clear drink that is made from corn, barley, grain, rye, or a beverage containing ethyl. About 20% of alcohol is absorbed into the stomach, while 80% is absorbed in the small intestine. The concentration of alcohol, the type of drink, and whether the stomach is full or empty depends on how fast the alcohol is absorbed. Once the alcohol is absorbed into the tissue, it affects your mind and body. Blood alcohol concentration can rise up to 20 minutes after having a drink. After alcohol is absorbed it leaves the body in three ways: the kidneys, lungs, and liver. Substances that contain alcohol include: beer, lager, cider, wine, whisky, vodka, gin, and rum. Alcohol is a depressant. It slows the brain's activities and the activity of the spinal cord, and basically makes you feel down. Alcohol isn't always used in a bad way though. People have been known to use alcoholic beverages throughout history. It is used with meals, at social gatherings, in religious ceremonies, to celebrate, for medical purposes, and on ceremonial occasions. Alcohol can be accessed in most public stores although the legal drinking age varies depending on where you live. Alcoholism is an addictive disorder. It is basically an uncontrolled consumption of alcohol despite its negative effects on the drinker's health and social standing. Affects of alcoholism include difficulty walking, blurred vision, slurred speech, slowed reaction times, impaired memory: Clearly, alcohol affects the brain. Not only does it affect the brain, but practically every part of the body; especially the liver. There are organizations for people out there that are addicted to alcohol, the biggest being the AA (alcoholics ananoymous). This organization has a plan for alcoholics to get over their addiction: its basically a twelve step process. Alcohol Alcoholism 1. We admitted we were powerless over alcohol - that our lives had become unmanageable.

2. Came to believe that a Power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity.

3. Made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God as we understood Him.

4. Made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves.

5. Admitted to God, to ourselves and to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs.

6. Were entirely ready to have God remove all these defects of character.

7. Humbly asked Him to remove our shortcomings.

8. Made a list of all persons we had harmed, and became willing to make amends to them all.

9. Made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when to do so would injure them or others.

10. Continued to take personal inventory and when we were wrong promptly admitted it.

11. Sought through prayer and meditation to improve our conscious contact with God as we understood Him, praying only for knowledge of His will for us and the power to carry that out.

12. Having had a spiritual awakening as the result of these steps, we tried to carry this message to alcoholics and to practice these principles in all our affairs. What somebody had to do to complete the 12 steps... SOURCES:
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