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Mixing Ammonia and Bleach

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by

Deanne Thomson

on 12 April 2015

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Transcript of Mixing Ammonia and Bleach

What Products Have Ammonia In Them?
Ammonia is generally sold as a cleaning product. However, there are products that have ammonia in them that not many people are aware of. Some of these include; some glass and window cleaners, some interior and exterior paints, as well as urine (be careful if you clean litter boxes).
What Products Have Bleach In Them?
Bleach is a very common household cleaning product. Some products where you can find bleach is in dish washer detergent, swimming pools, and laundry detergent.
Chemical Formula
How Can It Affect You?
The exposure to the gases can cause coughing,
shortness of breath, chest pain, wheezing, nausea, burning eyes,
irritation to the throat, nose and eyes, pneumonia, vomiting,and fluid on your lungs.
If there is too much fluid in your lungs you could drown. Long exposure of the gases can lead to death. The gasses given off from the reaction can be absorbed in the body through the skin. This can cause pain, inflammation, swelling, and blistering. Having increased tightness of the throat and being unable to speak above a whisper are also common affects.

Why Is Mixing Ammonia and Bleach Harmful?
When Ammonia and Bleach are mixed bad things can happen especially when the elements are mixed with each other and toxic gases are created. The vapors/ gases are very harmful to your body. You should get medical attention right away if you have been exposed to the Chloramine gas/vapor.
Affects Of Ammonia and Bleach Alone
Bleach alone can have harmful effects on a persons body. If its splashed in someone's eyes it can have long term damage. If you are breathing in the fumes it can cause a sore throat, coughing, and other respiratory irritation.
Household bleach is usually about 5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl).When mixed with ammonia (NH3), mono- and di-chloramines are formed: NH2Cl and NH2Cl2. These compounds decompose in water to form ammonia gas and hypochlorous acid. This last in the presence of water forms hydrochloric acid and nascent (monoatomic) oxygen, and are highly reactive.

Mixing Ammonia and Bleach
Inhaling ammonia can lead to coughing, nose and throat irritation. Contact to eyes or skin can cause burns, permanent or temporary blindness. It can take up to a week for the full effect to take place on the eyes after being exposed to Ammonia.
How To Prevent Mixing The Two Substances
To prevent the mixing of these two substances together, containers should be labeled with a clear description of what is in it and you shouldn't mix things together if you don’t know what the outcome will be. You should always read the labels before using any poisonous chemicals.

By: Deanne, Kelsey, and Mark
Websites:

-http://chemistry.about.com/od/toxicchemicals/a/Mixing-Bleach-And-Ammonia.htm
-http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/cehsweb/bleach_fs.pdf
-https://www.idph.state.ia.us/eh/common/pdf/hseess/cleaning_product_danger.pdf
-http://www.doh.wa.gov/YouandYourFamily/HealthyHome/Contaminants/BleachMixingDangers
-http://ehs.berkeley.edu/lessons-learned/lesson-learned-accidental-mixing-bleach-and-acid
-http://everything2.com/title/Mixing+bleach+and+ammonia+does+not+make+a+super+cleaner
-http://articles.philly.com/1995-01-09/news/25712055_1_household-chemicals-bleach-ammonia
-http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM199909093411115
-http://brokensecrets.com/2010/03/05/dishwasher-detergent-has-bleach-in-it/
-http://www.answers.com/Q/What_contains_chlorine_bleach
-https://www.health.ny.gov/environmental/emergency/chemical_terrorism/ammonia_tech.htm
-http://avmor.com/files/brochures/ebro1406285596.pdf
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