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Jane Eyre

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Tabitha Carter

on 19 March 2015

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Transcript of Jane Eyre

Charlotte Bronte
Author
Characters
Movie Clip
Time Period
Jane Eyre took place during the early 19th century, the Victorian Age.
This was the time period in England when Queen Victoria was in power.
Common view of people during this time was "“prudish, hypocritical, stuffy, and narrow-minded.”
By: Tabitha, Lena, Elexis and Tiffany

Jane Eyre
Born April 21, 1816, in Thornton, Yorkshire, England
She was the third child of Patrick Brontë and Maria Branwell.
Charlotte and her four sisters, were maiden aunt, Elizabeth Branwell, who provided them with little supervision.
When Cowan Bridge opened in 1824, Mr. Brontë decided to send his oldest four daughters there to receive a formal education.
Entertainment of the Victorian Age
Like in previous decades, people were very interested in things like literature and the arts.
A wide form of entertainment were music and drama theaters.
Opera was a popular form of music.
Another form of entertainment were things called spectacles, where things like communicating with the dead and conjuring ghosts would be done in front of large crowds.
A popular form of literature was the Gothic genre which includes vast and remote landscapes, supernatural and mysterious events, dark secrets, and evil plot twists.

Technology of the Victorian Age
People of this time were impressed by science and innovation, and thought society would be improved with improved technology.
Gas lighting became widespread in households during this era.
Social Problems of the Time
Class was a big issue of the time as well as gender equality.
Women were not viewed as equal men.
Women had to fight for their equality.
Both of these problems definitely contribute to Jane's actions in the novel.
Jane Eyre- (Protagonist) Main character that is faced with many challenges throughout her life. She is very headstrong and determined to prove that she is worthy of love.
Mr. Rochester- (Antagonist) Jane's rich master when she works at Thornfield. He is a very mysterious man with a big secret.
Mrs. Reed- (Antagonist) Jane's aunt, by marriage, is very cruel and mean to Jane. She hates the fact that she promised her late husband she would watch over her as her own.
Bessie- Maid at Gateshead and is the only person that actually cares for Jane. Also believes that Jane is not a terrible person and can do good.

Charlotte's two oldest sisters, Maria and Elizabeth, died in 1824 of tuberculosis they contracted due to the poor management of the school.
Following this tragedy, Patrick Brontë withdrew Charlotte and Emily from Cowan Bridge.
After her father had a dangerous lung disorder, he decided that his daughters should receive an education so in 1831, Charlotte entered the Misses Wooler's school at Roe Head.
Charlotte was not happy at school, but she still managed to win several academic awards
she was offered a teaching job at Roe Head, Charlotte declined the position, choosing to return to Haworth instead 1835 as a governess
she felt temperamentally unsuited for it, and finally, following a near mental breakdown in 1838, she was forced to resign her position.
she felt temperamentally unsuited for it, and finally, following a near mental breakdown in 1838, she was forced to resign her position.
Charlotte suffered through two more unhappy governess positions, because her family needed the money and governess was the only real job that payed good money at the time.
Summary
Close-Read
Symbolism
Red Room- symbolizes the struggles that Jane must overcome to find freedom, happiness and a sense of belonging
Bertha Mason- symbolizes Jane's emotions such as rage against the social and gender oppression
Splintered Chestnut Tree- symbolizes the union of Jane and Mr.Rochester and the lighting splitting the tree symbolizes Jane who leaves Mr.Rochester
That night I never thought to sleep; but a slumber fell on me as soon as I lay down in bed. I was transported in thought to the scenes of childhood: I dreamt I lay in the red-room at Gateshead; that the night was dark, and my mind impressed with strange fears. The light that long ago had struck me into syncope, recalled in this vision, seemed glidingly to mount the wall, and tremblingly to pause in the centre of the obscured ceiling. I lifted up my head to look: the roof resolved to clouds, high and dim; the gleam was such as the moon imparts to vapours she is about to sever. I watched her come-- watched with the strangest anticipation; as though some word of doom were to be written on her disk. She broke forth as never moon yet burst from cloud: a hand first penetrated the sable folds and waved them away; then, not a moon, but a white human form shone in the azure, inclining a glorious brow earthward. It gazed and gazed on me. It spoke to my spirit: immeasurably distant was the tone, yet so near, it whispered in my heart -

"My daughter, flee temptation."

"Mother, I will."
Over the years she faced many hardships.
In 1852, the Reverend Arthur B. Nicholls, Mr. Brontë's curate at Haworth beginning in 1845, proposed marriage to Charlotte.
After the marriage, Charlotte had little time for writing, as she was forced to perform the duties expected of a minister's wife and take care of her aging father.
In 1854 Charlotte, in the early stages of pregnancy, caught pneumonia.
She died on March 31, 1855, a month before her thirty-ninth birthday.
Author (cont.)
Author (cont.)
Author (cont.)
Maria Temple- A teacher at Lowood that also believes Jane is a good person and becomes a role model for her.
Bertha- (Antagonist) The first wife of Mr. Rochester. She is crazy and violent and lives excluded from the rest of the people at Thornfield.
St. John- Cousin of Jane that takes her in when he thinks she is a beggar. Allows her to live with him and his two sisters. (Diana and Mary)
Richard Mason- Brother of Bertha and visits Thornfield to see her. Exposes a big secret.
Mrs. Fairfax- House keeper at Jane's second residence.
Grace Poole- Lives at Thornfield and watches over Bertha.
First Phase of Jane's Life: Gateshead Hall (Chapters 1-5)
Jane is an orphan due to both of her parents dying from typhus.
Her uncle died shortly after, but he made his wife promise to raise Jane as her own child.
Aunt Reed dislikes Jane very much, but agrees to keep her at her dying husband’s wish.
Aunt Reed forbids her own children, Eliza, Georgina and John from playing or speaking with her, and when they do, they are very cruel as well.
Ms. Reed put Jane in the “Red Room" because of bad behavior.
Jane gets scared because she knows Mr. Reed died in there, and she believes she sees his ghost.
When she tells Ms. Reed and Bessie about the ghost, they consider her crazy and have an apothecary, Mr. Lloyd come in to evaluate her, and he decides it would be best if she was sent to school.
Mr. Brocklehurst, the master of the school she would be sent to comes to do a small interview and determines that Jane could join his school, even though he makes sure to say that he will tell the school about how she is crazy and has a tendency of lying.
Before Jane leaves, she stands up to Ms. Reed, and says goodbye to Bessie.
Second Phase of Jane's Life: Lowood School (Chapters 5-10)
They are extremely strict and harsh with the girls.
The first friend that Jane makes at Lowood is Helen Burns.
Jane and Helen grow closer and even got to join their favorite teacher, Miss Temple for tea one day.
Mr. Brocklehurst was away from the school the first few months, but he arrives one day which makes Jane nervous.
He tells everyone not to trust her or even associate with her because she is a liar, and makes her stand on the stool for punishment.
Jane is very upset and struggles internally while forced to stand up there for a few hours, because she is not good with people not liking her.
She thinks that no one will like her now, but Helen and Miss Temple assure her that it will be okay after she tells them the story about how she was treated at Gateshead.
Miss Temple investigates and finds that the story was true, so she announces to the school that Jane was falsely accused and that she is perfectly fine.
Jane starts to like Lowood a lot better, especially during the summer.
Many of the girls become sick and start dying due to the hard conditions and one girl that becomes ill is Helen and dies.
Some people come to inspect the school because of all of the deaths and it improves greatly. Jane excels in her classes and even becomes a teacher there at the age of 18.
After spending 8 years of her life at Lowood Jane wants to start a new journey in her life.
She advertised herself as a governess, and received an offer from Mrs. Fairfax that would pay 30 pounds a year- double her current salary at Lowood.
Bessie visits Jane the day she is going to leave. She tells her about everyone back at Gateshead.
After saying goodbye to everyone, Jane leaves Lowood and heads to her new home: Thornfield.


Third Phase of Jane's Life: Thornfield (Chapters 10-27)
Mr. Rochester invited Adele and Jane to tea the next night but he is cold and stern towards them both.
After days go by Mr. Rochester again invites them to see him and gives Adele a gift while he gets to know Jane better.
Mr. Rochester later informs Jane that he had relations with Adele’s mother.
That same night Jane later heard strange noises that scared her and she went to check what it was. When she entered the hallway she sees that there is smoke coming from Mr. Rochester’s apartment.
After he is awake he tells her not to worry and he left to see who did this. He later returns saying that it was Grace Poole and informed Jane not to tell anyone about the fire.
For the next week or so Mr. Rochester is gone and later returns with a bunch of people, one of which Jane is jealous of.
Mr. Mason arrives while guests are there but Mr. Rochester is gone.
Again while Mr. Rochester was gone a Gypsy woman comes to tell the women's fortune but Jane later discovers that it is Mr. Rochester in disguise.

That night while Jane is sleeping she hears noises in the room above her and then Mr. Rochester comes to her room and ask for her help.
After Jane gets the news that her cousin has passed and that her Aunt Reed is now, herself, near death she goes back to Gateshead
Jane hopes that her aunt has changed but she just wanted Jane there so she could share her secret.
Upon her return she is very nervous and dreads having to leave Thornfield once Mr. Rochester marries.
After Jane tells Mr. Rochester that she loves him he responds by telling her that he wants her to be his wife.
Mrs. Fairfax treats Jane coldly after she hears the news
Jane does not want to accept any gifts from Mr. Rochester


The night before their wedding Jane tells Mr. Rochester of the mysterious creature that enter her room while she was sleeping
The next morning they get ready for their wedding
Mr. Rochester takes them all to see his wife that he has hidden away
That night Jane thinks that she wants to leave but Mr. Rochester is outside of her room he asks for her forgiveness and told her the story of his marriage
That night Jane is torn and ask for guidance and heard a voice telling her to leave so she did.
Fourth Phase of Jane's Life: Moor House in Morton (Chapters 28-36)
Jane leaves and ends up going to a town called Whitcross.
She wanders around looking for a job, until she was lucky enough to find a family that gave her some scraps of food that even their pig didn’t want.
She continues her journey and comes across a house where she can hear the people inside practicing German. She tries to ask for food and shelter but is turned away, until St. John arrives.
Jane learns that St. John, Mary and Diana are cousins that live there, along with their servant, Hannah.
For awhile, Jane tells them her name is Jane Elliot. It isn’t until St, John receives a letter informing him that his Uncle John Eyre had died, but that they were receiving none of his fortune because he left it all to another unknown, missing relative.
Jane finally reveals herself, and is happy that she finally has found some of her real blood-related family.
After awhile, though, St. John falls in love with Jane and asks her to marry him.
She says no, but he keeps insisting that she must. He told her he was going to India on a mission trip and that she could come but only as his wife. Jane says she will go, but only as an assistant, as they were not in love and shouldn’t get married.
He gets mad and decides to just go by himself and doesn’t even want to be friends with Jane when she tries.
Jane decides to follow her heart and go back to Thornfield and Rochester after she hears a voice calling her name telling her to.

Fifth Phase of Jane's Life: Back to Thornfield (Chapters36-38)
When Jane returns to Thornfield, she finds that the house has been burnt down.
She runs into a man who was Mr. Rochester’s butler after Jane had left, and he tells the story of how Mr. Rochester’s crazy wife Bertha started the fire, and died in it as well.
No one else died in the fire, but Mr. Rochester was blinded and lost one hand trying to save Bertha.
She finds out that Mr. Rochester now lives in England at a manor-house called Ferndean, and finds a driver to drive her there right away.
She gets there and is reunited with Mr. Rochester, who is happy right away when he finds out it is Jane, but is skeptical that she would still want him considering his physical condition now.
He tells her about how one day he called out her name because he missed her so much. She asks what day and time this was, and apparently it was the same day and time that she thought she heard his voice. She does not tell him that though.
They end up getting married at a private wedding and returning to live at the manor house.
They have a son, and Mr. Rochester miraculously gains his vision back a little bit in one of his eyes.
Jane also gets to check up on Adele, and when she finds that she is unhappy at her current school, she moves her somewhere else.
Jane and Mr. Rochester lived happily ever after, ending the story of Jane Eyre.


Important Themes of the Novel
Love versus Independence:
Jane searches for love throughout the story. Whether it was romantic love or just being accepted by her peers in school, Jane shows how the everyday average person needs love and acceptance to be truly happy. But, Jane also never wants to give up her pride or integrity for someone who doesn't like her. She doesn't believe in doing anything that would sacrifice these things.
Social Class:
Jane was a governess, and therefore extremely classy and sophisticated, but because of her salary and type of job, is treated more or less like a servant. She realizes this when she becomes attracted to Rochester, noting that she would not be socially equal to him if she married him.
Gender Equality:
Jane struggles throughout the book to fight against people who believed women to be inferior to men. She believed that women were just as powerful and intelligent as men. this might have been why she never wanted to be tied down to a man and ran away the first two times she is proposed to, until she decides to follow her heart and go back to Rochester.
MLA Works Cited
Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2015.
"Jane Eyre 2011: Movie Review." Very Jane Austen RSS. N.p., 5 Oct. 2011. Web. 17 Mar. 2015.
Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2015.
"Cary Fukunaga JANE EYRE, No Blood, No Guts, No Glory Interview." Collider. N.p., 02 Aug. 2011. Web. 17 Mar. 2015.
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