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DBQ: What did the ancient Greeks contribute to Western civil

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Victoria Hardy

on 26 January 2018

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Transcript of DBQ: What did the ancient Greeks contribute to Western civil

The type of government that Pericles was describing was a democracy. In his funeral oration he stated that "A men may serve his country no matter how low his position on the social scale" (Document 3). In Athens, every free citizen had an equal opportunity to advance and to serve their country. However, everyone was also expected to participate in civic affairs regardless of their social position.
1. Who was Socrates, and what was he suggesting in this quote?
Aristotle was also an Ancient Greek philosopher, and he also tutored Alexander the Great. He believed that "...the faculty of reason is the distinguishing characteristic of human beings" (Document 2) which means that reason is what makes human beings "superior" to other living things. Reason makes human beings unique.
2. Who was Aristotle, and what did he believe about human nature?
Hippocrates was a Greek doctor who promised that he "...[would] consider for the benefit of [his] patients, and abstain from whatever is [harmful]" (Document 4). This means that he would provide only medical care that helped his patients. This expresses the responsibility placed on doctors that continues today.
4. Who was Hippocrates, and what was he promising to do?
Euclid was a Greek mathematician. His ideas were the basis for the field of geometry which is studied around the world. His theorem states that "If two straight lines cut one another, the vertical, or opposite, angles shall be equal" (Document 5). These angles are known as vertical angles and are used in math classes today.
5. Who was Euclid, and what has been the impact of his work?
The Greek play "Antigone" shows the important role that the gods played in Greek life. When challenged by Creon about defying the king's orders to not bury her brother, she replies "For me, it was not Zeus who made that order. Nor do I think your orders were so strong that you, a mortal man, could overrun the gods' unwritten and unfailing laws" (Document 6). Antigone felt she had to obey her conscience rather than the laws of mortal men.
6. What values are expressed in this Greek place?
What did the ancient Greeks contribute to Western civilization?

3. What type of government was Pericles describing? What were his expectations for citizens in this type of government?
7. How have specific features of this building influenced Western civilization?
The Parthenon has the columns and pediment that characterize Greek architecture that has influenced Western civilization. Doric columns are sturdy and plain, Ionic columns are thin and elegant, and Corinthian columns are elaborate (Document 7). The balance and simplicity of lines are now evident in government buildings like the White House and U.S. Capitol Building along with other buildings around the world, particularly in Europe and America.
8. What does this statue reveal about Greek values?
This marble statue of the
is evidence of the Greek interest in a perfect human body. The sculpture depicts a male athlete that is in peak physical form evidenced by defined muscles and a lean, Herculean build with his arm outstretched ready to launch a discus (Document 8). It also shows the Greek interest in physical activities and skills which were demonstrated in Olympic competition.
Socrates was a philosopher from Athens. He believed that "The unexamined life is not worth living" (Document 1). This means that a person must ask questions and reflect on themselves to improve and understand life.
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