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Copy of Synthesis Template for CO150

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Luke Osterfelt

on 9 July 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Synthesis Template for CO150

How Will the Common Core change how education is standardized in the United States?

BY
Zach Roberts, Luke Osterfelt, DeAndre Elliott, Ahmad Alhaila

The Governments Role in Standardizing Education
Darleen Principe states in her article "Common Core Comes Under Fire" that, "no district is required by law to teach the new standards. But if the district opts out, they will not be able to receive funds offered for the implementation of the program."(Pricipe, para. 16) Common Core was never partitioned by the government but the government is definitely pushing states and districts to adopt the new way of teaching. It has now been adopted by 46 states across the US making it an almost nation wide curriculum.

Are We Paving the Way for a National Curriculum?
This is what we think
The adoption of Common Core standards across the states is leading the way to nationalized education. It is only a matter of time before it is implemented in every state, and every school will be taught with the same standards.
Before Researching the Common Core Standards all of us had very limited knowledge in the Federal Governments role in education and even less about what exactly the Common Core is. We did however know that it is each states responsibility to have their own standards with the federal minimum standards or the No Child Left Behind Act. We also knew that the No Child Left Behind Act was generally thought of as a complete failure. Also it seemed that the majority of people were opposed to any type of federal standardization because of the fear of creating a national curriculum. This fear we believed stemmed from the fact that we generally agree that standardized tests do not work to the students benefit and can even inhibit learning. Also we believed that standardization could inhibit teacher’s ability to be creative in the classroom and force them only to teach to the test. This system of standardization can also unfairly penalize teachers and schools whose students receive low test scores.

Initially each of us had varying opinions on whether or not we believed the Common Core Standards would help or hinder the education system. Luke believed that, “it would be ineffective because it seems that it would be similar to the No Child Left Behind Act because teachers would be forced to teach at a slower pace to a whole class when only a few students are doing poorly.” DeAndre believe that, “This program would limit the learning of students as well as the teaching ability of teachers; being from Texas a state that has not adopted The Common core curriculum, I would disagree with implantation of this program.” Zach believed, “That education does need reform in the United States, however I’m skeptical to what extent the Common Core would be the answer that we need.” Ahmad believed “that the common core can’t be judged overall because it has a lot of advantages and disadvantages at the same time and people shouldn`t be whining a lot about such a law because we all know that it’s not a god made law so it can’t be perfect in every way”. In general we all believe that education needs to be reformed to better fit students needs and prepare them for their future, however because of our experiences with standardization we are skeptical of how successful the Common Core can accomplish this goal.
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We believed...
In general most of us believe that the Common Core has the potential to be successful in improving the current education system. However, DeAndre doesn't think that it will actually be successful in the implementation process because it will prevent some students from reaching their full potential. This is also a concern that the rest of us agree with, however we still believe that in general it will improve the preparedness of students for college and careers.

We believe a key factor in the success will be determined by how well the Common Core is implemented. Zach thinks that a key part of the implementation process is that teachers should be able to give feedback about how well they are able to use the new standards as a guide to their teaching and point out where the weaknesses are in the curriculum.

In regards to the Common Core paving the way for a national curriculum we all agree that the adoption of these state to state standards will be as close to a national curriculum as we get. However our opinion vary on if the fact that we are this close to a national curriculum is a bad thing or not. Luke feels that with these standards each student's individual needs may be compromised in having a standards based education.

We all agree that the teachers who have always been good teachers will probably be able to teach to the new standards just as well as they taught to the old standards. It may also limit some teachers in how creative they can be in creating their own learning environment that fits their students.

We all agree that the Common Core is not the only answer that we need to improve the education system in the United States. We feel that teacher involvement will also play a crucial role, however the Common Core is a good start to get us back on track for a successful education.



Now we believe...
In the journal titled 'The New U.S. Intended Curriculum,' Porter states that “The Common Core standards are designed not just to create homogeneity of intended content across states but also to improve the content message to teachers in most if not all states,” (Porter 106). The main point of this article is how the Common Core practices are designed to make everyone on equal teaching grounds. They go on to talk about how many schools get away with teaching the bare minimum and how this program will help point out these schools (Porter 106-107).
The Hunt Institute's video called "Common Core Standards: A New Foundation for Student Success" talks about Common Core being focused towards everyone in public schools. Everyone meaning any race, gender, ethnicity, or education level; which means they are trying to put every student on the same program, essentially producing a nationalized curriculum.
What one source says
Will the Common Core be worth the amount of funding that it will take in order to implement it?
This is what we think
Sum up the debate
What another source says
What another source says
In Richard Beach's article he argues that there are three ways in which the CCSS could be translated into practice. One is that it could be, "translated in a manner that leads to the homogenization of instruction in which teachers teach the same content using the same methods regardless of differences in their classroom contexts or students." Another is that it would be "translated in a a manner that results in a fragmented curriculum organized around addressing isolated standards." The last way, which Beach believes should be the way that the CCSS is implemented is, "The CCSS should be treated as a lens or framework for productively constructing curriculum as opposed to having them dominate instruction," (3).
How do we implement new forms of standardization

This is what we think
Just having new standards will not be enough to improve our education system. We have to carefully implement them in ways in which students and teachers can adapt and form them to fit their own classroom
In Linda Vogel's Book, "Leading Standards based education" she states that, no matter what the goal of learning is, "learning standards will always and should always change," (122). Vogel also gives four significant things that must happen to properly change an education system. They are, "focus on the technical core tasks of (a) creating learning environments and (b) aligning curriculum, instruction, and assessment; 2)collaboration among teachers and its administration; 3) continue professional development; and 4) the support of external agencies to provide opportunities for continued growth, reflection, and validation," (Vogel 11)
What another source says
Is The Common Core the answer that we need?
This is what we think
Sum up the debate
What another source says
What one source says
How will the Common Core Standards effect how well teachers are able to teach?
This is what we think
Sum up the debate
What another source says
Add Citations for each source you referred to here. You may find it easiest to insert a PDF of a word document to keep the formatting consistent.
Works Cited
A national curriculum is an idea that is becoming reality sooner than we think it. The Common Core has the potential to be a great program for implementing national standards for the nation. But with such a high scale program comes a lot of concerns, for instance who will be funding this and where will it come from? Well according to the governor of California there is a one billion dollar budget that will come in effect starting next year. That amount was accumulated after the federal tax changes, sequestration of federal spending and the new pay roll projections were accounted for in the state of California (EdSource, 2013). According to edsource.org it states that Governor Brown proposes, “A base grant for all districts averaging 6,816 to– 1,548 more than they’re currently getting. Brown has said no district would receive less than its receiving this year”. However there also come advantages and disadvantages of implementing these plans.
There are a couple of states that have not bought into this plan of having a national curriculum. For instance Texas has not adopted the notion of the common core simply because of how much the cost of implementing the program will affect the pocket books of citizens. Lindsey Burke, who has a bachelor’s degree in politics and a masters in foreign language states in one of her articles that, “Texas has resisted the push for national standards. The Lone Star State estimates that the adoption of new standards and tests would cost taxpayers upwards of $3 billion. “Adopting national standards and tests would also require the purchase of new textbooks, assessments, and professional development tools, costing Texas taxpayers an estimated $3 billion, on top of the billions of dollars Texas has already invested in developing our strong standards,” stated Governor Rick Perry (R) in a letter to U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan in opposition to national standards and tests.” (Burke, 2011)


In the article titled, "The Dangers and Opportunities of the Common Core," by Jacqueline Brooks and Mary Dietz, they argue that the CCSS are, "at least as likely to perpetuate the continuation of bad teaching as to increase good teaching," (3) They also stated that, "diversity is on the verge of extinction-diversity of curriculum, instructional practices, and assessment," (2). However they do go on to argue that good teachers will be able to teach the standards that the Common Core supports, just as they were able to with previous standards (3).
The article titled, An alternative to Common Core by Lynn Stoddard is talking about how the common core is limiting the skills and innovation of young students in public schools and how every kid has different interests and not all of them meet the common core standards.“Children come to us unique and one of a kind. They thrive when treated as individuals, but they rebel, drop out, bully, become apathetic or even commit suicide when we ignore their personhood and try to standardize them like machines.” (Para: 5). “stop educating for uniformity and start educating for variety” (Para: 9)
what one source say
The article titled, Young Adult Literature and the common core: a surprisingly good fit by Jonathan Ostenson and Rachel Wadham is analyzing the possibility and measuring the advantages and disadvantages for the YA (Young Adult) Literature and how it fits the common core better than the ELA classes for being able to introduce them to a new experiences in literature and relate them to the real life.
In Stacey Zeiger's article,"Role of Teachers in the Curriculum Process," she describes how teachers should still be involved in creating their own individual learning environments that are guided by standards.Zeiger states that, "a teacher can provide insight into the types of materials, activities and specific skills that need to be included," in the curriculum (par. 2).Zeiger also states that teachers should be involved in the reflection of the curriculum that they teach because this, "allows teachers and others involved in the process to find any weaknesses in the curriculum and attempt to make it better," (par. 4).
Despite the fact that there might be a slight increase in taxes, the main goal is to make sure that future generations have the educational resources they need in order to successful and college bound.
Sum up the debate
Is the common core the answer that we need? An answer to this question might take a lot of search and critical thinking not to mention the effort and time that we have to invest to answer such a question, but both articles mentioned before are hinting that it’s not the best answer to we need or even suggest it’s not a proper answer at all.
Ahmad thinks, "That the Common Core state standards are not suitable for every kid. Some children have different ambitions and dreams they want to pursue that are not necessarily related to specific subject or classes they are forced to take As a consequence they won’t put a lot of effort into those classes and wont sore to get high grades in them
The Common core does come with a cost, but it is worth the investment. However cost is "not unimportant but it also not the only issue." In the video, "Is There A Cost Associated With Implementing The Common Core" by Dave Patti, President & CEO of the Pennsylvania Business Council.
Luke thinks, "That a nationalized education can only hurt schools that are doing well but could definitely help schools doing poorly. It will make it easier to find problem teachers and schools by giving everyone the same standards, but I still think the federal government should not play any role in determining the curriculum for students like it is doing now with Common Core."
Teachers who have always been good teachers will probably be able to teach to the new standards just as well as they taught to the old standards. While standards may discourage diversity in the classroom, some schools and teachers may need them in order to make sure that their students are prepared enough for college and careers.
Zach thinks that, "While standards are annoying, they help keep teachers accountable and they may help provide new better curriculum to schools that are struggling to prepare their students for their future."
Zach thinks, "The Common Core is not creating a national curriculum, just national standards that states have the option to adopt or not. I think that this is as close to a national curriculum as we will get."
DeAndre concurs with Ahmad stating, "I believe that The Common Core does not fit every student. This program may limit the learning ability of students and people fail to realize that.
Luke thinks, "This curriculum will help many new or "bad" teachers because of its structure and homogeneity. I believe teachers will be forced to teach more structural knowledge to students through this program."
DeAndre thinks that, The Common Core is paving the way for a national curriculum but it will not be effective until we see results from a state that was doing poorly in the education field.
DeAndre thinks that, "The standards are just a helping tool for the teachers but it limits them on what to teach. Ultimately giving them a chance focus more on the students and the basic material."
DeAndre thinks that, "The funding of this program would be beneficial for schools but could be harmful to the taxpayers and they should have a vocal opinion in this. (vote)
DeAndre thinks that, "Having new standards may not be a way to solve the issue but the new national standards could be a way to start. This would put every student on the same scale make it easy for students to learn and teachers to teach."
Zach thinks, "Yes the Common Core will be worth the cost of implementing it. This is because I believe that education standards must always change in order to keep up with changes in our society, and with the rest of the world.I believe we must be able to do this regardless of the cost."
Luke thinks, "The Common Core will be very costly to today's tax payers but will be very beneficial to students and our economy/society in the long run. I think that taxes would increase regardless to help needy schools and teachers because as many sources say "something must be done!" and I agree."
Zach thinks that, "Having the Common Core Standards are not going to magically improve are education system by itself, however it is a change that I believe we need.It is also going to take the constant work of educators and administrators to make sure that the standards are being met and that students are being pushed to excel past the standards."
Luke thinks that, "It is hard to focus on every individual student's needs to strive for success. I think the Common core generalizes students too much. There are many ways of learning and one that Common Core seems to take out is group activities. I think it is learning like this that has potential to help students more than teachers can. Overall I think that Common Core will do a good job, however I think it needs much improvement to make it work more effectively."
Zach thinks that, "How we implement the new standards will be a key factor in how successful they are. Part of the implementation process should be to get feedback from teachers about how well the new standards can guide their teaching."
Luke agrees with Zach, saying that, "How the standards are implemented is very determinant on how effective they will be. The major factor in implementing a curriculum such as the Common Core is that it must be slowly introduced and not forced upon schools."
Ahmad thinks that,” the educational systems is working its way to a national curriculum which might indicate the salvation of the poorly doing schools and a step back to some schools”
Ahmad thinks that, “The common core can be a helpful law for the new teachers but it’s going to limit the teaching skills for the good ones. It’s also going to stop bad teachers from being bad and have them to meet the expectations.”
Ahmad thinks that. “Raising the taxes would only harm the taxpayers but that raise would benefit their children and country in long-term. I have to agree with DeAndre here and say that people have the right to choose what`s best for them.”
What One Source Says
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