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Propaganda in Russia
Transcript of Propaganda in Russia
propaganda compared with the
Communists to control opposition? Propaganda was a tool of repression that was not used by Tsar's until after 1905. Propaganda The advisers of Nicholas II then attempted to promote his image through pamphlets, portraits, photos and staged events (at 1913 tercentenary of Romanov Dynasty) During WWI propaganda was increasingly used to show that the Tsar was in control. It was considered crucial due to the disastrous performance of the Russian Army in the war. Propaganda Bolsheviks Slogans They used slogans to get political messages across: 'PEACE, LAND AND BREAD' 'ALL POWER TO THE SOVIETS' Along with pamphlets, tracts, newspapers, posters, photos, portraits and statues. Used by Lenin and Stalin The Cult of Personality The main difference between Lenin and Stalin & The Bolsheviks and Tsarist Rule was that Lenin and Stalin purposely engendered a cult of personality upon Russia. The intention was to present the leaders as heroes that should be worshiped. Propaganda was used in a
number of different forms Under the communists, propaganda characterized the makeup of government institutions. Newspapers The main newspapers were purely propaganda tools. Under Stalin they were used to promote the achievements of the 5-year plans Youth organizations were established to protect the young against the 'degeneracy of bourgeois culture'. Groups Children were encouraged to tell tales on those who criticized the leaders of Russia, and they were asked to prove their loyalty by working on construction projects and implementing collectivized farms. Total membership increased 5-fold from 1929-1941 The badge of the Komsomol The arts They were manipulated to present a popular culture that emphasized the role of the 'little man' and traditional values. Any trends that veered from the norm, such as jazz music, recreational drugs use or homosexuality were banned. Based on the extraordinary efforts of the Donbas Miner, Alexei Stakhanov, who produced way above the normal quantity of coal per man-shift. He was turned using propaganda, into a model worker for others to copy. Those who did were given special rewards such as holidays to Moscow and red carpets. The Stakhanovite Movement The workplace was targeted with propaganda with the intention of raising productivity. Film and Cinema After 1907, the cinema quickly grew in popularity.By the October revolutions, there were over 1000 cinemas. By the 1920's Stalin was using the cinema to promote collectivization and the 5-year plans. Under the guidance of the Council of People's Commissars, Soviet cinema was immersed in 'socialist realism'. More freedom was allowed after Desalinization. In 1959, the number of cinemas was at 5900 but the public still saw films based on political ideology. When it came to the use of propaganda by the Tsar's and communists, it is obvious that the Communists used propaganda more effectively, due to the fact that the only Tsar to use propaganda was Nicholas II and he used it reluctantly. The effective Cult of Personality introduced by Lenin and Stalin was so effective that it was impossible to escape it if you lived in Communist Russia. All aspects of Russian life were influenced by the communist propaganda machine- the population were indoctrinated which lessened the chance of any kind of opposition proliferating. How effectively did the Tsar's use censorship and propaganda compared with the Communists to control opposition?