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Celtic Culture in Ireland

Fandilla Furlan

on 7 February 2013

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Transcript of Celtics

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Celts in Eire Celtic History The beginings Celtic Architecture Cnoc na Teamhrach (Hill of Tara) Language and Writing In Ireland the Celts spoken a dialect called "Goidelic" which was also spoken in northern Britain. That dialect is the root of modern Irish and Scots-gaelic. Religion and believes The ancient Celts believed in an Otherworld which was occupated by many Gods and Goddess. That Otherword was not a heaven and wasn't the reward for doing something nice in earth. When they died EVERYBODY went to that Otherworld. Religion and Believes When the Age of Bronze ended there arrived in Ireland new cultural influences. The Celts, who were developed in the Alps of middle Europe began to spread their culture across Germany, France, the Balkans and also in Turkey . Celtics arrived in Britain and Ireland around 500BC
The word “Celt” comes from the Greeks who called the tribes of the north “Keltoi”, but there is no evidence that the Celts use that name to refer themselves. When the Celts arrived in British Isles they called Britain and Ireland the “Pretanic Islands” and that evolved into the word “Britain” Emain Macha - Now called Navan Fort Dún Ailinne Lia Fáil (Stone of destiny) Cloch an Tuair Rua (The stone of the red pasture Dumha na nGiall (the Mound of the Hostages) The first written Irish appeared at the same time of the christianization of Ireland. They are called Ogham scripts, it consists of series of grooves on the corner of stones. Each combination of furrows can be associated with a letter of the latin Alphabet. The Ogham stones are mostly along the south coast. Usually they give the name of a person or ancestor and were probably commemorative. Balleeneestinig Ogham Stones Ballintaggart Ogham Stone Lugnagappul Ogham Stone Ogham Scripts Celts believed that waterfalls had healing powers; they believed also that they were entrances to the otherworld because of that gifts were left or tossed there for the gods. When they were Ill or injured they placed something in a stream to help them heal ( It was usually the part of your body which was injured,carved in wood). The Celts believed in omens.
Birds, particularly, were believed to be able to carry messages between the living world and the Otherworld. Many animals were given special powers that could only be understood by a Celtic pries-The Druid Celtics were polytheists they believed that every tree, every bush, every flower, everything had a little deity living in it. Some of their gods and goddesses were extremely powerful. But most were little deities. They believed that their gods lived in ponds or lakes.
Celts worshiped their gods through sacrifice, giving them valuable objects to keep them happy. They also made sacrifices of animals, humans and weapons by throwing them into lakes, rivers and bogs (places they considered special) Llyn Cerrig Bach Druids The Druids were responsible of the religious ceremonies, because they were the only person who could talk with Gods Celts believed that demons, gods and omens were everywhere and they counted on their priest the Druids who were respected and very important in the society.
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