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Our Life in the Church Chapter Seven
Transcript of Our Life in the Church Chapter Seven
Sacraments of Membership
Sacraments of Initiation
A sign is something that conveys meaning; it is outward because it's visible to everyone.
It's instituted by Christ because it was established by Him.
It bestows grace because God shares His life with us in a certain way through it.
Let's Break It Down
The main purpose of the sacraments is to give grace and to bring salvation.
Three of the sacraments in particular involve member-ship in the Church: Baptism, Eucharist, and Confirmation.
Baptism, Eucharist, and Confirmation are called the sacraments of initiation because they bring us into the Church. "Initiation" means "formal acceptance into an organization."
Baptism is the sacrament that frees us from Original Sin and fills us with sanctifying grace.
Baptism also makes us members of the Church.
Baptism in the Bible
Baptism is mentioned repeatedly in the Bible. Let's read about it:
John 3:5, Matthew 28:18-20,
and Romans 6:1-4
How's it Administered?
All the sacraments have a proper matter and form. The matter of Baptism is water. The form is, "I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit." There must also be a minister, in this case, a priest, or deacon (though when necessary anyone may baptize).
The rite, or formal ceremony, of Baptism includes the immersion in or the pouring of water in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
For those who want to be baptized but die before being baptized, they are considered baptized because of their desire (Baptism of Desire). Sometimes, Christians would be martyred, or killed, for their faith before they could be baptized. We count their deaths as a valid baptism as well (Baptism of Blood).
It is the most im-portant of all the sacraments because it is the body, blood, soul, and Divinity of Jesus Christ. The Eucharist feeds us spiritually.
Cause & Sign
The Eucharist is the cause of our unity as Catholics because it unites us with Christ and with one another. When we partake of the Eucharist together it is also an outward sign of unity to everyone who witnesses it.
Let's Read About It
There are many passages in the Bible about the Eucharist. Look at the following: Gn 14:18, Jn 6:1-15, Mt 26:26-28, Lk 24:13-53, 1 Cor 10:16-17.
An Amazing Change
When the priest prays over the bread and wine it changes, or transubstantiates, into the body and blood of Christ. It might still look like ordinary bread and wine, but the substance of both has changed into Christ. He becomes fully present in the Eucharist.
We have to remember to worthily take part in Holy Communion. This means that we make sure we haven't committed any serious sins, that we have fasted for an hour before receiving, and that we take part with the right attitude.
Confirmation is the sacrament in which we receive the Holy Spirit. It enables us to be strong Christians and "soldiers" for Jesus Christ.
Confirmation is the com-pletion of the work that begins at Baptism. You receive the fullness of the Holy Spirit so that you can lead an adult, Christian life.
There are certain respons-ibilities that go with becoming an adult person. The same is true with becoming an adult Christian. Confirmation gives us the graces we need to live as adult Christians.
We must continuously strengthen our faith through reading, prayer, and taking part in the sacraments. By deepening our understanding, we can draw closer to God and our goal of heaven.
Confirmation in the Bible
Let's read some passages in the Bible that talk about Confirmation. These include: Jn 20:22, Acts 2:1-11, Acts 8:14-17, and Titus 3:4-8.
Matter & Form
The matter of Confirmation is Holy Oil anointed on the person's head. The form is, "Be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit."
Catholic means "universal." The Church exists all over the world in different cultures. Some Catholic Churches have different rites, or common ways of worshipping and practicing the faith.
These rites are very ancient, and developed before the exact forms of the celebrations were settled. The Church respects these various rites.
A sacrament is an outward sign instituted by Jesus that conveys or bestows grace.
The Good Samaritan
Let's read it!
St. Augustine saw in this parable an analogy for the sacraments and Church.
Man Adam (humanity)
Robbers Devil (Evil spirits)
Lost Things Lost Grace
Left Beaten Left Weakened
Priest Levites in the O.T.
Samaritan Jesus Christ
Oil & Wine Sacraments
At Baptism, we also receive the Holy Spirit, and we are united to Christ in a special, permanent way.
Rites & Symbols
The symbols include water (cleansing), chrism (ministry), candle (illumination), and white garment (purity).
The Eucharist, or Holy Communion, is the source and summit of our faith.
Divinity of Jesus Christ
Matter & Form
The matter of Holy Communion is bread and wine. The form is the prayer, "This is my Body . . . this is the cup of my Blood."
The largest and most well-known rite is the Roman Rite, which developed around Rome. We belong to this rite - we're Roman Catholics. The second largest rite is the Byzantine Rite, which developed around Constantinople.
Although there are different rites, all of them are united under Christ and the Bishop of Rome (the Pope). They might celebrate the sacraments a little differently, but their fundamental beliefs are the same. We are all part of the one, Catholic Church.