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The Long March
Transcript of The Long March
From 1934 to 1935 (368 days)
86,000 soldiers, 30,000 communist Party officials, 35 women (wives of high government officials)
Three main groups were 1st Front Army/Red Army, 2nd Front army, and 4th Front Army
Main leader of the march was Mao Zedong The Beginning: Facts Many deaths
Route had mountains, only a couple paved roads, and rare access to resources
Got rid of heavy supplies
Crossed a total of 18 mountain ranges and 24 rivers
Constantly under attack from Nationalists
Body parts would freeze and would have to be amputated Journey conditions Ended in Shaanxi
Communism spread fast and headquarters grew
8,000 survivors (1/10)
Huge breakthrough in the history of Chinese government
Known as a dividing line in history of Chinese Communist Party Significance Ashley Dibbert
English 2 Honors
16 October 2012 The Long March Chinese Communists marched to leave Nationalism and make bases
Forged their own path
Gained followers and recruits long the way
6,000 mile journey
Turning point for the communists
Led to Communist rule Government Attacks Guerilla warfare
Mao and Guatao disagreed on military approaches, schemes, and the final destination
New headquarter was vulnerable to Nationalists because of their lack of food and resources
Bombs, battles, attacks
Scorched Earth Policy Led the First Front Army
Became leader of Communist Party
The Long March led to his rise in power
Had power struggles with Guatao
Compromised and split up their groups into columns Mao Zedong Far right: Mao Zedong after the Long March in Shaanxi Qin Bangxian, Zhou Enlai, Zhu De, and Mao..." Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity. Ed. Dinah L. Shelton. Vol. 1. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. Gale World History In Context. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. "From left to right, Chinese Communist Party leaders "Route Map of the Long March." china.org.cn. Map of the Long March Web. 15 October 2012. Marchers on their 6,000 mile long trek "Red Army Long March." china-mike.com. Web. 15 October 2012. Mao Zedong "Mao Zedong." en.wikipedia.org.
Web. 15 October 2012. First Front Army Second Front Army Fourth Front The Three Groups Also known as the Red Army
Led by Mao Zedong
Lost 70% of their people Led by Zhang Guatao
Got split up to form columns with First Front Led by He Long