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Heart Attacks

for health

Abby Stern

on 13 May 2013

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Transcript of Heart Attacks

Heart Attack










What is a heart attack? A heart attack is simply when the heart is starved for oxygen because of blood clots. Heart cells die and cause permanent damage. symptoms Symptoms of a
Heart Attack Rapid or irregular heartbeats
discomfort, pressure or heaviness below the breastbone
discomfort in the back, jaw throat or arm
choking feeling or heartburn
nausea, dizziness, vomiting
extreme weakness or shortness of breath Don't freak out How Does it Effect Us? some of these can be experienced on a normal basis. you should see the doctor if:
shortness of breath
chest pain Causes Heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects)
Coronary artery disease
High blood pressure
Excessive use of alcohol or caffeine
Drug abuse
Some over-the-counter medications, prescription medications, dietary supplements and herbal remedies
Valvular heart disease A Big Risk... smoking 1-5 cigarettes a day increases the chance of a heart attack by 40% compared to a nonsmoker. Something You May
Not Have Know... stress can double the chance of a heart attack
stress is more likely to cause a heart attack if it is caused by an uncontrollable force (job, work) Short Term Effects Long Term Effects drop in blood pressure that can be dangerous (heart cant pump blood)
low oxygen levels in blood
blood clot that stop the flow of blood to and from limbs
damage to the heart wall
swelling in heart chamber
irregular heart beats bulging in the artery wall
inflammation of the cheat that causes pain
cheat pain b/c of shortage of oxygen to the heart (this is called Angina)
your heart may not be able to pump the blood
enlarged heart
more heart attacks in the future
heart rupture
heart failure Facts ...and Statistics How it Effects the Body Systems Effected The circulatory system needs the heart to pump blood to all the parts of the body, a not functioning heart means blood cannot be spread. Blood is needed for the spread of oxygen. The main system effected is the circulatory system Because most systems are provided oxygen but the circulatory system, they are effected too. Types 1 in 4 deaths every year are caused by heart attacks
hearts disease is a leading cause of death in men and women
715k Americans have a heart attack yearly. 525k are having one for the first time, 190k have had one before.
heart attacks cause the USA 108.9 billion per year.

Race of Ethnic Group... % of Deaths

African Americans.... 24.5

American Indians or
Alaska Natives... 18.0

Asians or Pacific Islanders 23.2

Hispanics... 20.8

Whites... 25.1

All... 25.0 During 2007–2009, death rates due to heart disease were highest in the South and lowest in the West. about 47% of sudden cardiac deaths occur outside a hospital Heart attacks can only be treated in a hospital and if you see the signs of one call 911 immediately. Get help! Treatment these treatments would be started as soon as the victim of the heart attack comes to the hospital
oxygen therapy
aspirin, to thin your blood so it does not clot and block the veins
treatment for chest pain
Nitroglycerin to improve blood flow ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)- the coronary artery is blocked and cannot receive blood
non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)- coronary artery blockages are temporary or partial.
coronary artery spasm- artery walls tighten and blood flow is restricted
Demand Ischemia- when the patients heart needs more oxygen than is available in the body Medicines: Thrombolytic medicines- used to dissolve clots
Beta blockers- decrease the hearts workload
ACE inhibitors- lower blood pressure and reduce heart strain
Anticoagulants- thin the blood so clots will not form At Home the doctor will recommend life style changes to a victim of a heart attack, such as quitting smoking and maintaining a healthy weight. High Profile Cases Famous Talk show host Larry King had a heart attack when he was 53 and formed the Larry King Cardiac Foundation (LKCF) to help people pay for heart treatment without the money to cover medical care themselves. Brittany Murphy, the star actress of clueless, died of a heart attack in 2009 when she was 32. Andy Griffith died of a heart attack when he was 86. How do Heart Attacks Effect Teens? Now is the time in our lives to make sure we are making healthy decisions that ensure our healthy futures. we can prevent heart disease and attacks by
maintaining a healthy weight
being physically active
making sure we have normal blood pressure
making sure our cholesterol levels are normal.
not smoking







http://my.clevelandclinic.org/heart/heart-blood-vessels/how-does-blood-flow-through-heart.aspx Citations Interviews Mom Q:Do you know anyone who has had a heart attack?

A:My moms dad had one. He died of that, a bad heart.

Q:Do you know a cause of heart attack?
A:Being overweight and having an unhealthy lifestyle.

Q:Do you know a prevention of heart attack?
A:Exercise, healthy eating, no smoking. May Burgard Q:Do you know anyone who has had a heart attack?

A:Ok embarrassing- I'm sure I do but I can't think of anybody

Q:Do you know a cause of heart attack?

A:Ok well I can take a guess
Damaged or clogged arteries?

Q:Do you know a prevention of heart attack?

Not really But First of all,
how do our hearts work? It starts with the inferior and superior vena cava, where blood enters the heart. They empty oxygen poor blood into the right atrium. (The red area)
The pulmonary vein brings oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to the left atrium.
(Dark purple area) More about our hearts After the blood enters our heart, it is pulled through valves untill the ventricles are full, then they shut so the blood does not go back. Last Step of a Heartbeat: The blood leaves the body and flows to where it needs to go, the lungs, the pulmonary artery and the aorta. The pattern is repeated over and over to create bloodflow to the entire body.
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