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Swing Dance History

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by

Victoria Rodriguez

on 3 January 2013

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Transcript of Swing Dance History

Swing Dance History Swing the Night Away What Is Swing Dance? The Charleston had been in existence for several years, yet it did not become popular until 1923. The Charleston appeared on a Broadway show called "Runnin' Wild" during the performance of the song "The Charleston" by the composer James P. Johnson.
It became popular with flapper. Flappers were rebellious young women of the 1920's known for wearing short dresses, bobbing their head, and listening to Jazz music. This was against the norm.
The Charleston can be danced solo, as a couple, or in groups. Basic steps include kicking legs and swinging arms. Arms were a huge part of the dance.
During the 1920's, this dance was banned from dance halls because it was thought to be too scandalous. The Jitterbug is a form of swing dancing based on the Lindy Hop and East Coast Swing. It was very popular in the 1940's.
The Jitterbug involves jerking movements which resemble the jitters of alcoholic recovery.
Many turns, spins, and difficult lifts are associated with the Jitterbug. Jitterbug Swing dancing began in the 1920s when a black community took African dance moves creating dances like the Lindy Hop and the Charleston while dancing to contemporary Jazz music.

The Savoy Ballroom was a famous dance club in Harlem, New York. The doors first opened on March 26, 1926. Swing was created in the United States and some say it was born in this ballroom. Here, some of the best black bands were found and some of the best dancers were created. The Original Swing Dance The Lindy Hop The Lindy Hop was a partner dance that originated in the 1920's and 30's. It consisted of 8- count steps and footwork borrowed from the Charleston and tap.
The Lindy Hop could be spontaneous and wild or smooth, cool, and sophisticated.
The dance was named after Charles Lindbergh's flight to Paris in 1927, when the newspaper read, "Lindy Hops the Atlantic." Fox Trot The Fox Trot was developed in the United States in the 1920's by an entertainer, Harry Fox.
It is associated with the smooth dance style of Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers.
The fox trot is a beautiful, romantic, partner dance. It is composed of simple walking steps and side steps. A the tempo increases, shorten steps are taken.
Footwork timing is usually "slow, quick, quick" or "slow, slow, quick, quick."
It is similar to the Waltz. Dancers travel along a line of dance counterclockwise around the floor. Waltz Tango The Tango originates from Buenos Aires, Argentina. It was first danced in the ghetto of Buenos Aires. At the time, it was known as the "Baile con Corte", dance with a rest. During the Spanish American War a tango-like dance, called the "Habanera del Cafe" appeared. Soon the music was changed and the dance was called the Tango.
The Tango presents this image of the cat stalking its prey.
The Tango is not as flowing as the Foxtrot or Waltz. It is a dance of stops yet it presents a fluid, smooth quality.
There are three styles of tango: Argentine, International, and American. The Charleston The true form of Waltz was born in and around Vienna, as well as the alpine peasant areas of Austria. Waltzes were being danced in the Hapsburg court ballrooms.
Court dances were danced separate up until the Waltz became popular. The Waltz is performed close. During this time, touching while dancing in public was seen as scandalous and sinful.
In 1921, the Waltz seemed to be becoming extinct. The Fox Trot came about and was overshadowing the Waltz.
The Waltz is danced with ladies wearing fabulous gowns and men in fine suits. Boogie Woogie The Boogie Woogie originated in the 1950's after other forms of swing.
The step variation involves a six to eight count of sharp, quick movements.
It is a fast paced dance, but it can be danced to slow music.
The Boogie Woogie closely resembles the Lindy Hop, however, it is a distinct form of swing.
When fast beats are used, the boogie- woogie often ties into the East Coast Swing, the jitterbug, and Hollywood styles. East Coast Swing The East Coast swing was developed in the 1940's. It was created by dance studios for an easier dance genre perfect for the Big Band music of that era.
East Coast swing is also known as the triple step swing, triple timing swing, and the jitterbug.
It has a basic count some people refer to as "triple step, triple step, rock, step".
The dance has bounce and energy. It is said to be easier to learn than the West Coast Swing. West Coast Swing West Coast Swing evolved from the Lindy Hop in California. West Coast Swing continues to evolve with contemporary music. It is perfect for medium tempo music.
West Coast swing is often smooth and sexy. These dancers consider their dance to be "cooler" and less barbaric than the east coast swing.
It is said to be more difficult to learn because several foot patterns are required. These may require more counts. Duke Ellington & Louis Armstrong Duke Ellington, (1899- 1974), was a composer, bandleader, and pianist. He brought swing to jazz. Ellington is referred to as America's greatest composer in any genre.
Ellington created film scores, operas, ballets, Broadway shows, church music. and symphony orchestras.
Louis Armstrong, (1901- 1971), was a trumpeter and singer. He was the first jazz musician to combine music with entertainment as a bandleader, film actor, or comic. Frankie Manning Frankie Manning, (1914- 2009), was an American dancer, instructor, and choreographer. He is considered one of the founding fathers of the Lindy Hop.
He helped spread the popularity of the Lindy Hop through three continents touring with Whitney's Lindy Hoppers. Fred Astaire & Ginger Rogers Fred Astaire, (1899- 1987), was a popular dancer of all time. He is usually remembered for his pairings with Ginger Rogers.
Ginger Rogers, (1911- 1995), was a dancer who stared in both Broadway and movies. She paired with Fred Astaire in films including "Top Hat", "Swing Time" and "The Gay Divorcee". Gene Kelly Gene Kelly, (1912- 1996), was an American dancer, choreographer, actor, singer, film director and a producer. He had his own unique style of dance. Kelly brought dance and real life to film, performing in regular clothes and common settings. He also produced some of the most innovative and enthusiastic dance numbers.
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