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Basic Ceramics

Introduction to Vocabulary terms and Procedures
by

makenzi hunter

on 28 January 2011

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Transcript of Basic Ceramics

Basic Ceramics vocabulary earthenware green ware throwing hand building pinch coil slab wedging slip score and slip leather hard bone dry bisque fire bisque ware glaze foot dry foot kiln wash glaze firing kiln A type of common clay used for general purposes; requires low firing temperatures within the range of cone 08 to 1 (approx. 1800 to 2100°F). Any clay that has not been fired. A method of making ceramic forms on a potters wheel by manipulating the clay while the wheel is rotating. A method of making ceramic forms using only the hands and simple tools. A method of shaping clay by inserting the thumb of one hand into the clay and lightly pinching with the thumb and fingers while slowly rotating the ball with the other hand. A method of building ceramic forms by rolling out coils or ropes of clay and joining them together with the fingers or tools. A method of building ceramic forms by creating flat, boxed forms and manipulating them with the hands. The action of kneading clay, compressing out the air bubbles and preparing it for use. Liquid clay used as an adhesive or support when joining clay. A method of joining two pieces of clay together. First, you score by making scratches in the in surface of the two pieces you will join together. Then, you slip the pieces, using the liquid clay as an adhesive. Clay that has dried to a damp state yet is no longer impressionable. Use this time to trim, carve and apply handles to pots. Unfired clay that looks and feels dry. The first firing of the clay, in the kiln, which dries all moisture. Clay that has been bisque fired and is ready to be glazed. A thin layer of glass that is melted onto a pot for decorative and practical purposes. The bottom of a clay pot. To clean glaze from the foot of the clay. A pasty paint that is applied to kiln furniture to protect it from dripping glazes. The final (second) firing of the glazed bisque ware, which turns the glass to glaze. An oven used to fire pottery. 5 purposes of art ceremonial functional artistic expression persuasive narrative artworks that tell stories, describe and illustrate experiences, or communicate information, art to document important or historical events (e.g., Lange’s photography of the Depression era) ritual, celebration, artworks created to support worship ceremonies artistic objects used in everyday life (e.g., pottery, quilts, baskets, etc.) artworks that promote ideas, philosophies, or products (e.g., advertising, marketing, propaganda, ideology, etc.) artwork to express or communicate emotions, ideas, feelings (e.g., for self-expression, to decorate or beautify objects) Karen Shapiro
Campbell's Soup, 2009.
Raku-fired ceramic.
H 13 1/2, D 9 in. demo
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