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Victorian England- Charles Dickens Great Expectations Webquest
Transcript of Victorian England- Charles Dickens Great Expectations Webquest
26% of girls under the age of 15 worked, according to the 1871 census.
Although many children worked, girls had to be over the age of 9 to earn any money.
They worked as nannies, governesses, maids, factory hands, etc.
They worked for 9-14 hours a day! Jobs Prison System •When Queen Victoria came in to power in 1837, the education system was poor.
More than half of the children population was illiterate.
•Even for wealthier children, school was limited. Children who were actually able to go to school had governors or governesses who tutored them at home until the boys were old enough to attend private school such as Rugby or Eton. Girls continued to learn at home and were taught how to care for the household, piano, singing, and sewing.
•The poorer children did not attend day school and were able to get an education at all, thanks to Robert Raikes, a newspaper publisher, who created a system of Sunday Schools in 1831 that almost a quarter (1,250,000) of the population attended.
•Later on day schools were created such as the British and Ragged Schools, the latter called that because of the fact that the pupils wore ragged, tattered clothing
•In 1870, a law was passed stating that children had to attend school at ages 5 to 10 and left at around 11 and if you could not afford the school, then government grants and private and church charities were available. Education Teachers- Slide 2 Education •Prison Hulks were sailing ships at south coast harbors
•They were usually used as holding prisons for people being transported but the end of the French Wars there was a shortage of prisons so they were used more to house ordinary prisoner Prison System •At one point over two thirds of prisoners were on the prison hulks
•Large numbers of prisoners died from the insanitary conditions
•Prisoners were chained to their bunks at night to stop them from slipping ashore, during the day they worked ashore on hard labor Pickpockets Officer Police System secret police Continued- Slide 2 Continued-slide 3 •Hanging and transportation was punishment for serious offenses
•Prison was a means to prevent crime for serious offenders
•90 prisons built between 1842 and 1877 because there were more criminals than can be transported Children made up a great portion of the industrial workforce- they were small which was useful for small coal mining tunnels or retrieving things from inside machinery.
If children were ever late to work, fell asleep, or were slowing down, they could be fired on the spot or beaten.
Like women, they got 1/6 of what a man got, even though they worked just as hard or even harder.
In 1842, a law was passed, forbidding the use of women and children as coal miners. Jobs Men-Slide 3 Jobs Children/Pupils-Slide 3 Education Children-Slide 2 THE END Women Although men made the most, men who worked in industrial factories, made very low wages.
They did manually jobs such as riggers, ship constructors, fishermen, cooks, and most did coal mining.
Men worked long, regular hours, 9-14 hours a day with a 2hour break, 7 days a week.
If they were injured, sick, late, to work, or drunk at work, they were immediately fired.
They worked under harsh and often dangerous conditions-in collapsing mines, small tunnels, amongst fumes and filth, and contracted diseases. Teachers were usually women with low salaries. Many teachers only taught because they were injured or could not do any other work.
Teachers had to deal with 100 students or more and had helpers as young as 9 in order to keep the class under control- they also had to deal with angry parents who did not want their children at school, but at work.
Parents were expected to pay at around 1 to 9 pence per child, per week.
Although school was available, the money for transportation, food, and supplies were too expensive so most children made money at factories. Classrooms were small, drab, had no air, and were separated by curtain which made it very noisy. There were no windows and nothing on the walls to keep the students concentrated.
Children were taught the three R's; Reading, aRithmetic, and wRiting. Lesson were mainly composed of copying things from the board, reading aloud, and a few discussions.
Children were punished with light whipping with a switch or were sent to the back of the class with a DUNCE cap on. Oh wait, I lied 1. "Women in Industrial England." Yahoo! Answers. Yahoo!, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2012.
2. "Living in 1876." Logic Mgmt. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2012.
3. "Welcome to My Learning." Coalmining. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2012.
4. "Justice-Types of Punishment-Imprisonment." E2BN - The East of England Broadband Network. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2012.
5. "Victorian School." Victorian School. Nettlesworth Primary School, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2012.
6. "A Victorian Education; A Brief Study." 1876 Victorian England Revisited - Victorian Lifestyle Study. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. Works Cited