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Transcript of Westward Expansion
During the first half of the 19th century the United States acquired millions of acres of new territory through war, treaties, purchase agreements, exploration, and the displacement of Native Americans.
Westward Expansion Examples
40% of the population during that time left the East Coast to move west for economic opportunities.
Federal Agents persuaded, force and paid the Cherokees to move west. About 4,000 of migrating Cherokees died. This event is known as the " Trail of Tears."
- Building of the
shortened the dangerous six month travel across the continent to a two week trip.
The Louisiana Purchase was in 1803, when President Jefferson paid Napoleon Bonaparte, emperor of France, 15 million dollars for the Louisiana area. This area opened up the United States and doubled it in size. This prompted farmers and entrepreneurs, who wanted to take advantage of the new land, to rush westward to the new land.
Beginning in 1845 to 1852, the Potato Famine started in Ireland and caused millions of men, woman, and children to die. Those who did not die fled to the United States for refuge from the famine that plagued their homeland. The cause of this famine was a fog of an airborne fungus that covered the fields, rotting the potatoes, and made them inedible. Since potatoes were Ireland's main source of food many lost their fields and starved, forcing the rest of the population to travel to the United Sates in hopes of a better life and opportunity.
The Gold Rush:
The California Gold Rush, began in 1848 and ended in 1855. It began when a carpenter, named James W. Marshall, was working at Sutters Mill in Coloma, California when he discovered gold. The news quickly spread, and over three hundred thousand people would travel to California in search of gold. This pull factor would affect all of America and even Chinese immigrants, who traveled through the mining towns jobs. This expanded the labor and entrepreneur market and increased cultural and racial diversity in California. Towns developed over night.
War of 1812:
Push and Pull factors
In 1862, the Pacific Railroad Act chartered the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific Railroad Companies, and commissioned them to build a transcontinental railroad that would link the United States from the East Coast to the West Coast. Over the next seven years, the two companies would race toward each other from Sacramento to Omaha, before they met in Utah, on May 10, 1869. This railroad cut the cost and risks of traveling cross country, and made transportation across the U.S. easy and affordable. This action helped populate the west quickly.
The Homestead Act:
The Homestead Act was a piece of legislation passed by the United States Congress and signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln in 1862. Under the law, people could lay rightful claim to a set amount of land if they lived on it for five years while also farming it. At one point, an estimated 10% of the land in the United States was owned through homestead claims, and the act contributed significantly to westward expansion in North America, Encouraging people to establish footholds well outside the original 13 colonies.
The War began as a way for the British to try to reclaim the colonies and the Americans to try to conquer new territories expanding the Union. The fighting between United States and British brought a "death blow" to Native Americans, clearing the way for the Americans to move westward. After the war ended, 6 new states became part of the Union: Indiana, Illinois, Alabama, Maine, Mississippi and Missouri during 1816 and 1821.
Factors that influence settlement
Most important factors that influence settlement was topography: access to water for drinking and transportation, and arable soil. However, false advertisement about the west drove many new settlers to poor farming land and near combative natives. Resources in a certain area also influenced where people live, because people needed accessibility to food, water and shelter to stay in one spot.
Conditions influence migration patterns
Conditions that influence migration patterns are push and pull factors. Push factors: Famine, political and religious oppression. Pull factors: Inexpensive land, political stability with the growing "Union" and abundance of resources.
Factors that influence economic change can be a decrease or increase of population. After the the announcement of gold in the west, population increased dramatically over night. Transportation was easily accessible after the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad and commercial agriculture was easily accessible after the Louisiana Purchase.
Social change refers to an alteration in the social order of a society. Social change may include changes in nature, social behaviors, or social statuses. An example of social change would be the North and South states debating whether the newly formed territories during westward expansion would be slave states or free states. This social conflict would lead to bloodiest wars in all of America's history, the Civil War.
Environmental change is defined as a change or disturbance of the environment caused by human influences or natural processes. One of the most noticeable changes in the environment was the Potato Famine. A fungus cloud that migrated across the ocean on European trade boats, killed off large potato fields, destroying Ireland's way of life for its residences. This change caused many Irish families to flee to America and move west for land and prosperity.
By: Colin Gilloon, Elyshia Vasquez, and Marco Cruz
Jobs among group members
Marco: The Gold Rush and Transcontinental Railroad. information.
Elyshia: The Homestead Act and Potato Famine information.
Colin: Prezi editor and information collector.