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Transcript of Arnold Gesell
1. Motor characteristics
2. Personal Hygiene
3. Emotional Expression
4. Fears and dreams
5. Self and Sex
6. Interpersonal Relations
7. Play and Pastimes
8. School Life
9. Ethical Sense
10. Philosophic Outlook
A preschooler, Hudson, is 4 years old and beginning to learn how to write. He is struggling to correctly write each letter of the alphabet. According to Gesell, Hudson's lack of development cannot be impacted by educational stimulation, only time to mature can allow him to reach a developmental milestone. As he grows older, physically and mentally, he will develop these skills.
Gesell's approach is often referred to as the "Normative-Descriptive approach."
Emphasized the importance of maturation
"Preset patterns" are biologically determined, which characterize the child
As long as the environment is supportive and nurturant, these norms will develop
Gesell Developmental Schedules
Measures responses to standardized materials and situations both qualitatively and quantitatively
Used with children four weeks to six years of age
Areas emphasized include motor and language development, adaptive behavior, and personal-social behavior
A little about Gesell...
Born June 21, 1880 - May 29, 1961
The director of the Yale clinic of Child Development for 37 years
A psychologist and a pediatrician
A maturationist- believed descriptions of developmental patterns in children emphasize physical and mental growth; determined primarily by heredity
First to apply scientific research to growth and development in children
Results of tests expressed as Developmental Age (DA) then converted to Developmental Quotient (DQ)
To be able to give a measure of possible intelligence
Infants observed starting at 4,6, & 8 weeks until 56 weeks of age at intervals of 4 weeks
1. Motor Behavior
Gross bodily control
Fine motor coordination (posture, rolling over, crawling, standing , walking, etc..
2. Language Behavior
Communications for others
3. Adaptive Behavior
Reactions to various test objects
Short-term memory loss
4. Personal-social Behavior
Child's reaction to the social culture he lives in
Development of a sense of property
He focuses mainly on brain development and maturity which is cognitive