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Genre: Nonfiction & Informational Text

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Tiffany Thomas

on 12 January 2017

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Transcript of Genre: Nonfiction & Informational Text

writing that portrays events that actually occurred and/or characters (people) that actually existed.
having a particular form, technique, and content.
Write this down!
Informational Text
Informational Text
a nonfiction text such as magazines and newspaper articles, reports, and textbooks.
Write this down!!!!
Nonfiction Characteristics
It is TRUE.
The characters are real.
It has facts that can be proven.
The author is an expert on this information.
Informational Text Features
It is TRUE.
The characters are real.
It has facts that can be proven.
The author is an expert on this information.
Various fonts
Table of Contents
A short article on a single subject written from the author's personal viewpoint.
What is an essay?
Types of Essays
So many students have been in a situation where they have been taking a math test and just cannot concentrate. We've all been there before. This is why we need gum. Everyone wants that refreshing piece of gum within his or her mouth during school. There are many benefits to acquire gum at school. These benefits can help you perform better in school and help you learn more. Although some say that chewing gum is a horrible idea, when one views the research, they will discover there are great advantages.

One reason we must include gum at school is because it helps in keeping students awake. In school, so many students look sleepy or want to fall asleep. The solution to this predicament is gum. According to a scientific study by Kathleen Melanson from University of Rhode Island, when you chew gum your metabolism increases by 20 percent.(Source: www.medicalnewstoday.com) When someone’s metabolism is raised, they are more likely to stay awake. This evidence shows that gum needs to be allowed at school to help students stay awake.

Second, permitting gum chewing at school will help improve test scores. According to research conducted by the American Society for Nutrition, they found out that students who chewed gum during class during a 14-week period, had a significant increase in test scores and received a better finishing grade compared to those who did not chewed gum. This example supports that schools need to tolerate gum in order for students to improve on tests.

Several people might say that gum is unhealthy and is not good for chewers. On the contrary, gum is pretty healthy and actually lots of different types of gum are sugar-free and have xylitol. Some evidence explains that xylitol reduces cavities by 70 percent (Trident Company.) That is a great bonus. Clearly, students should be able to chew gum at school, because they can get healthier and stronger teeth.

Lastly, gum can assist students' concentratation. Research has exposed that the movement you make when you chew gum makes your brain think it is going to get food. Then, insulin, which enhances learning and memory, is released to the brain and helps it focus. (Andrew Scholey, Swinburne University,http://www.medicalnewstoday.com) In the U.S. military, soldiers have chewed gum since World War I to improve their concentration. (Wrigley Company) With the research stating these facts, it is clear that gum needs to be allowed at school to improve your concentration.

It is essential to recognize that chewing gum includes many great benefits, such as improving students’ test scores, concentration, and metabolism. Before one sees the research, gum-chewing might sound like a horrific idea. In fact, chewing gum really is a great thing to allow at schools. So, if people want to improve students’ ability to do better in school, gum-chewing should be allowed at schools.
Essay Example

- A history of a person's life
written by that person

- Uses 1st person POV.
Autobiography Examples:

- an account of a person's life
written by another person

- Written in 3rd person POV.
Nonfiction is usually meant to inform the reader.
Functional Text:*

• Text that provides support and helpful information to readers through materials, such as invitations, instructions, recipes, etc.

Sub-Category of Information Text
Chewing Gum in School
- Expository
- Argumentative
- Opinion Piece
- Personal


Writing that
a specific topic or set of ideas to a defined audience. This could include gathering evidence and examples.

- Written in 3rd Person.

Expository Essay

• Writing that requires the student to investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a position on the topic.

• An argumentative essay differs from the expository essay in the amount of pre-writing and research involved.

• Written in 3rd person.

Opinion Piece

• The writer takes a stand on a topic and supports opinions with facts, definitions, and details.

• In an opinion piece, the writer can choose to include only favorable information about the topic.

• Usually written in 1st person.


• A personal experience that provides a personal lesson learned, or it is a personal opinion about a topic that is important to the writer.

• Written in 1st person.

o A formal address or discourse delivered to an audience.

o Simplifying is key.

o Features can include:
 Short Length
 Repetition
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