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Prescribing and describing : Popular and academic views of "
Transcript of Prescribing and describing : Popular and academic views of "
Children's language at home and school
Description VS prescription
An applied linguistic perspective
Children language at home and school
Children speak idiosyncratically "A strange or unusual habit that someone has"
At school :
Children are expected to use, pronounce and write words correctly because they are being taught to do so.
Standard and Dialects :
Standard form of the language is the language taught of used in school
Dialects are different ways of speaking depending on the culture and social class of the speaker.
Description versus prescription
The academic discipline charged with the study of language. Decisive and authoritative judgements can be found. Linguistics tend to favour description (saying what does happen) over prescription (saying what ought to happen)
the standard is neither superior nor more stable than any other variety. To justify their views they point to such facts as the following ;
if there was never any deviation from the norm then languages would never change
if single standard was absolute and unassailable then regional standards would never gain independence.
dialects have their own consistent rule governed grammars, every bit as complex and expressive as those of standard forms.
The standard form of a language is often very similar to the usage of the most economically and politicallypowerfull class or region.
the grammar of written language differs considerably from that of speech
some supposedly correct forms have been invented and imposed by grammarians through analogy with another language.
there is 5 force in descriptivist arguments
Academic do not have a monopoly either on knowledge or on rational argument. The same is true in many analogous domains – for example, medicine, nutrition, or childcare – where everyday activity, vital to people’s well being, is also the subject of academic research
Prescribing and describing : Popular and academic views of "correctness"
An American kid growing in an English-speaking family would say words incorrectly .
For example : say "I bringed" instead of "I brought"
And pronounce it in the wrong way
An applied linguistics perspective
There is clearly material here for a head-on collision- and this indeed is what regularly happens when the two sides exchange influenced either by appeals to logic or to evidence.
The merits of the rival arguments for descriptivism and prescriptivism and there is certainly a degree of truth on both sides in many practical activities it is simply impossible to proceed without some notion of correct language use.
Thank you ..