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Transcript of Benazir Bhutto
Political Background of Pakistan
Timeline of Pakistan 1947-2012
1947-British rule over India ends, India divides into two sovereign states, Pakistan and India.
1956-Pakistan becomes the Islamic Republic of Pakistan under their constitution.
1971- East Pakistan caused war with India's help and become modern day Bangladesh. Same year Benazir's father Z.A. Bhutto becomes President of Pakistan.
1973-Woman becomes Sindh governor for the first time.
1988-Benazir Bhutto becomes Prime Minister of Pakistan, and the first woman.
1996-National Assembly is distinguished and Benazir is released as Prime Minister, fleeing the country. Several presidents follow her til Nawaz Sharif.
1999-President Nawaz Sharif is under house arrest after attempting to arrest General Pervez Musharraf. Musharraf then takes over and become president.
2007- Pakistan and India sign off nuclear war threats over Kasmir. Benazir Bhutto returned to Pakistan out of exile and is assasinated.
2012-Malala Yousfzai was shot on her school bus by Taliban gunmen. after publicly talking about education for young girls. .
Began in 1984
Live of Benazir Bhutto
The eldest child of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, was born on June 21, 1953, at Karachi.
Nusrat Bhutto was an Iranian-Pakistani who was the wife of the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, serving as the First Lady of Pakistan during his premiership from 1971 until Bhutto's removal in 1977.
She was also the mother of the first and only female Pakistan Prime Minister
-She attended Lady Jennings Nursery School and then Convent of Jesus and Mary in Karachi.
-After two years of schooling at the Rawalpindi Presentation Convent, she was sent to the Jesus and Mary Convent at Murree.
-She passed her O-level examination at the age of 15.
In April 1969, she got admission in the U. S. at Harvard University’s Radcliffe College.
-In June 1973, Benazir graduated from Harvard University with a degree in Political Science.
-After graduating from Harvard, Benazir joined Oxford University in the fall of 1973.
Just before graduation, Benazir was elected to the Standing Committee of the most prestigious Oxford Union Debating Society.
-In 1976, she graduated in P. P. E. (Politics, Philosophy and Economics). In the autumn of 1976, Benazir returned once again to Oxford to do a one-year postgraduate course. In January 1977, she was elected the President of the Oxford Union. Benazir Bhutto returned to Pakistan in June 1977.
was a Pakistani politician and statesman who served as the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that as the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973. He was also the founder of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) and served as its chairman until his execution in 1979.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
The society and culture of Pakistan comprises numerous ethnic groups: the Punjabis, Kashmiris, Sindhis in east, Muhajirs, Makrani in the south; Baloch and Pashtun in the west; and the ancient Dardic, Wakhi, Baltistani and Burusho communities in the north.
-By the 18th century the land was incorporated into British India.
-Eventually, a united Pakistan with its wings – West Pakistan and East Pakistan – gained independence from the British, on 14 August 1947.
Pakistan and Islam
The first constituent assembly of Pakistan passed the Objectives Resolution on March 12, 1949. The resolution proclaimed that the future constitution of Pakistan would be modeled on the ideology and democratic faith of Islam.
The main objective of Resolution was the "declaration of State's submitting to the democratic faith of Islam and to the sovereignty of God"
Dance in Pakistan
The many different folk dances practiced in Pakistan show the ethnic diversity of the nation.
-Jhumar - Saraiki and Balochi folk dance
-Bhangra - Punjab dance
-Lewa - Baluch folk dance
-Attan - Folk dance of Pashtuns tribes
-Ho Jamalo - Sindhi dance
-Khattak Dance - Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
•2nd largest muslim population
•42% female literacy
•473 gilrl’s schools were destroyed by the Talibans in the past two years
•None of the women who reached adulthood ever went without burka, but Benezir’s father changed it and said Benezir did not have to wear it
•Shariya law – a divine heavenly code of conduct, shariya on earth – whatever the leader says
•Women rights - Hudood laws – punishments were mandated from Kuran
•There were no women in politics
•Military didn’t like saluting a women
•Jihad laws fairly acts against women
•She was a feminist
Muslim Women in Pakistan
Islam in Pakistan
-The majority (95-97%) of the Pakistani people are Muslim while the remaining 3-5% are Christian, Hindu, and others.
-Sunnis are the majority while the Shias make up between 5-20%
-Starting in February 1979, new penal measures based on Islamic principles of justice went into effect. These carried considerably greater implications for women than for men.
-There is no law in Pakistan enforcing Hijab and wearing of Hijab by Pakistani women is fairly uncommon.
The Islamiat, study of Islam, as a subject is compulsory for all Muslim students up to Tenth grade.
“I was taught that ladies try to have good manners… [But] being nice should never be perceived as being weak. It is not a sign of weakness; it is a sign of courtesy, manners, grace, a woman’s ability to make everyone in the room feel at home. And it should never be construed as weakness because it’s the men who get the biggest shock, when they construe that niceness in a woman as weakness." Benezir
Due to the controversy surrounding Benezir's election as prime minister where Islamist principles argued against the appointment of a female head of state, Benazir found it vital to function within the existing Islamist framework and used examples from Islamic history and scriptures to defend her public presence
Muslim Women in Pakistan
Political Background of Pakistan
Apr 4, 1979 - Father's Execution
Nov 17, 1988 - Benazir Bhutto Elected
Dec 2, 1988 - Benazir Becomes Prime Minister
Reformation and Democracy
Aug 6, 1990 - Forced From Office
Nov 22, 2004 - Husband released
Oct 7, 1993 - Bhutto's second term
Nov 6 1996 - Bhutto dismissed
Apr 5, 1999 - Convicted while in exile
Apr 6, 2001 - Conviction overturned
Oct 4, 2007 - Amnesty deal
Dec 27, 2007 - Assasinated
1986 - Leads Pakistan's People's Party
"You have a debt to these
people, you’ve got to come
back and pay that debt by
serving your people"
"Pakistan is of increasing threat
of an extremist takeover
and to save the country
I believe we must restore
"The government I led gave
ordinary people peace,
security, dignity, and
opportunity to progress"
released prisoners of war
made media free of censorship
allowed for student unions
48,000 primary and secondary schools
women’s police stations
CNN and BBC
"a girl is worth as much as a boy"
Benchaabane, Nassim. "Major Events in Pakistani History - Global Journalist." Global Journalist. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Aug. 2013. <http://www.globaljournalist.org/stories/2013/03/22/major-events-in-pakistani-history/>.
DOHERTY , KATHERINE , and CRAIG DOHERTY . Benazir Bhutto. Sani H Panwhar, 1-97. eBook.
Green , John . "November 7: Discussing the Political Situation in Pakistan - YouTube." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Aug. 2013. <
-Benazir Bhutto was a politician and a stateswoman.
-She was the head of the PPP(Pakistan Peoples Party) a left wing democratic socialist political party.
-The first woman to lead a political party and in 1988 the first woman to lead a muslim nation.
-Served as the 11th Prime minister of Pakistan for two non consecutive terms, 1988-1990 and 1993-1996.
-Nicknamed "Iron Lady" for hard policies against trade unions and opposition to her domestic political rivals.
-Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in a bombing on 27 December 2007
"Religions: Islam 95%, other (includes Christian and Hindu, 2% [[Ahmadiyyah]] ) 5%". CIA. The World Factbook on Pakistan. 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
Curtis, Lisa; Mullick, Haider (4 May 2009). "Reviving Pakistan's Pluralist Traditions to Fight Extremism". The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 31 July 2011.