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Forever Strong Psychology of Coaching Presentation
Transcript of Forever Strong Psychology of Coaching Presentation
-Rick Penning, a talented but troubled high-school Arizona rugby star
-Runs into trouble with the law, finds himself out of the spot light and forced to ponder consequences
-Given a second chance while serving time in Salt Lake City juvenile detention center
-Lands a spot on famed Highland High Rugby Team with the help of Coach Larry Gelswick
-Learns the ways of the successful Highland Rugby team
-Competes against his old team, which his father coaches; the deciding game takes on a newfound sense of gravity in the eyes of the ambitious young athlete. Forever Strong Psychological Concepts We will be identifying four main concepts selected from Forever Strong.
- Leadership (CBAS)
- Feedback and Reinforcement
- Task Cohesion and social cohesion
- Motivation (Process of Extrinsic to Intrinsic
Motivation) "It's not about rugby, it's about young men. It not about building a championship team, it's about building championship boys. Boys who will be forever strong."
-Larry Gelwix References Leadership Interactional Approach Coaching Style Definition: leaders can be relationship-oriented or task oriented (how the coach acted depended on the situation)
Relationship oriented (democratic): focus on developing and maintaining good interpersonal relationships Task oriented (autocratic): focus on achieving goals and the task at hand Relationship Oriented Behaviors "Forever Strong OFFICIAL Trailer." YouTube. YouTube, 07 Aug. 2008. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. Seek out Rick in detention center
Sits with each athlete at practice
"I don't build championship teams, I build championship boys."
Perception of coaching behavior Task Oriented Behaviors Drills
Goals on the field and for outside lives
Team scores not individual player- team mentality
Change Rick’s position-betterment of the team
Don’t want to play by team rules you can leave Hepler, T. (2013). Psychology Of Coaching[Lecture notes]. Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin. Emergent Leaders Chosen by the team- behaviors emerge as he buys into team principles and social cohesion increases
Regarding team rules
Leader in community CBAS Cohesion Motivation Conclusion Forever Strong Introduction Questions?? Leadership: behavioral process of influencing individuals and groups toward set goals Consequences of Leadership Style Social support from coach and team
Performance: record 404-10-0 (preferred leader behavior matches actual behavior)
High athlete motivation - want to please coach and brothers Rick Trailer Coach Gelwix Clip Overview of Psychological Concepts External Rewards Pleasant stimulus is removed after undesired behavior Both Rick and Quentin have to sit out a game after violating a team rule Consistency (Quentin still sits out at the National Championship Game) Punishes behavior, not the person. Punishment is agreed upon by all players Ricks Father also uses this technique in a different manner aversive stimulus is presented following an unwanted behavior Marcus at the prison punishes Rick's behavior with bathroom cleaning (consistent, punishes behavior and not the person, is informal) 13:30 Rick is sent to juvenile detention center after second DUI 16:29 Positive Feedback 23:26 Highland
General and Specific
Motivational- "Good Job"
Instructional - "Keep 'Em high"
Specific and instructional only
Sarcasm 3:24 Engagement contingent: Rick is told that his sentence may get decreased if he goes to rugby practices with Highland Initial when joining Highland: extrinsic
After leaving juvenile center: Intrinsic
to stimulate Transformation Factors: need for relatedness and competence
success and failure
coaches' behavior Only stipulation- Must go! Highland coach gives Rick several examples of external rewards: Verbal rewards
Makes him team captain Being captain 56:50-58 Introduction Difference in coaching styles:
1. Positive vs. Negative
2. Coach Gelwix vs. Coach Penning Outcomes:
2. Social Examples: Coach Gelwix:
2. General Communication
3. Punishment Coach Penning:
2. Ignoring Mistakes
3. Punitive Technical Instruction Outcomes Performance:
1. Coach Gelwix: champions
2. Coach Penning: loses Social:
3. Teamwork (coaches and players)
The degree to which members of a group work together to achieve common goals, related to the sport.
If a team member drops a pass, the entire team does push ups --> individual player's output is evaluated
"Practice doesn't make perfect, practice makes permanent."
After losing game, the team is required to run stadium stairs due to their lack of cohesion on the field
The team runs in the morning together while throwing the rugby around at the same time Task Cohesion: Social Cohesion Degree to which members of a team like each other outside of the sport Each team member receives a letter from a former player who wore the team member's same jersey number--> instills a "brotherhood" distinctiveness
The boys volunteer at the hospital as a team working with the children’s cancer ward and doing landscaping
Team meals after the game at all you can eat buffet
The team gathers in the hospital together after an accident involving one of the teammates and they grieve together --> social support 1.) Builds the team's trust
2.) Up to them to tell the coach if they break the rules
3.) Completes their bridge of trust Social Cohesion Social Cohesion Leadership can be task or relationship oriented- interpersonal relationships and drills in practice
Cohesion on and off the field- team goals, team chant, team dinners, team runs and rules
Positive and Negative punishment- helps stop a undesired behavior and or encourages a behavior (bathroom/sitting out fame)
Motivation to get of of juvenile detention and to succeed on
Highland team Clip Kia Kaha A team chant the team performs before each game
-->supports the team's task cohesion and social cohesion; establishes distinctiveness