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Lady Dai (Xin Zhui)

The 2,100 year old mummy that has been labelled as the 'Botox Babe' for her magnificent preservation

N. Bahramrad

on 23 March 2011

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Transcript of Lady Dai (Xin Zhui)

The 2,100 year old human remain,
labelled 'China's Sleeping Beauty'
for a reason Lady Dai (Xin Zhui) Who Was Lady Dai? The tomb belonged to Xin Zhui, also known as Lady Dai who was the wife of the ruler of the area of Dai.

It is believed that she died between 178 and 148 BCE at the age of 50 years old. At the height of the Cold War in the early 1970s, workers began digging an area near the city of Changsha, China, over 1,000 well preserved artefacts along with one of the most perfectly preserved human remains in history. Video The computer generated images of Lady Dai are useful to a large extent in providing individuals with an idea of her external appearance, however, they are reliable to a minimal degree because they are contradictory to medical examinations stating that the Marquise was overweight at her time of death. The four images, published in the Chinese Newspaper; People’s Daily in 2002, depict Lady Dai at ages seven, eighteen, thirty and fifty years old. Source 1: Facial Reconstruction Source 2: Artefacts The discoveries bear witness to Lady Dai’s luxurious and leisurely lifestyle; her interest in traditional music and her love for food. Source 3: Article The ‘Long Lasting Remains’ article, on display at the Hunan Provincial Museum alongside the body of Lady Dai, is reliable to a large extent in revealing details in regards to the causes of Lady Dai’s death because it was written based upon pathological and archaeological evidence. Furthermore, it is useful to a significant degree in providing information about Lady Dai’s death, whilst making strong links to her state of health when she was alive. The source can be used in providing reliable and valuable details concerning Xin Zhui’s death, emphasising the fact that she didn’t experience a violent death but perished because of heart failure. Lady Dai was discovered to be suffering from multiple parasitic infections, indicating that even though she lived a luxurious lifestyle, her hygiene probably wasn’t of a high standard. However, she lived until the age of fifty, which is quite a high life expectancy for members of ancient civilisations. Moreover, the article is a highly reliable and informative source for providing details of Lady Dai’s death, emphasising that her death was as a result of an unhealthy diet and lifestyle. Chengwen created the images ‘in accordance with traditional Chinese criteria...with cherry-like lips and oval eyes’. Therefore, the images are unreliable to a certain extent because the individual who created them was not a historian or archaeologist and generated them on the basis of traditional Chinese characteristics and not medical reports stating her health conditions at the time of death. Nonetheless, the illustrations suggest that Lady Dai was a woman of great beauty who lived a relaxed lifestyle, evident from her graceful ageing through the progression of the images. Appearance The artefacts found within Lady Dai’s tomb are reliable and useful to a considerable degree in revealing details of the Marquise’s social status and a indicative of her luxurious lifestyle. The Hun and P'o Lady Dai was buried with furniture, ornaments, lacquer dishes, musical instruments, money, medicinal herbs and even toilet boxes that are testimony to her luxurious lifestyle. Her luxurious lifestyle indicates that she was a woman of high social status for the reason that she was able to afford and enjoy such elaborate entities made of valuable and expensive materials, such as silk. Moreover, the
source is
useful in identifying
activities that appealed
to Lady Dai and are
highly reliable because
they are archaeological
sources found from her
tomb and have had extensive
research and analysis
conducted on them in order
to understand their purpose
and use in the context of
the Han Dynasty. Pathological evidence derived from medical reports stated that Xin Zhui’s limbs could be manipulated when she was found and that her hair and bodily tissues were of such a high level of preservation that doctors were able to conduct an autopsy on her body.

She possessed Type A blood and test results revealed that she suffered from numerous blood clots. The tone of uncertainty and incorrect notation of the date of Lady Dai’s discovery in the 2008 book ‘The Times of Lady Dai’ causes the text to only be reliable to a certain degree in disclosing information concerning Lady Dai’s death. Written by Jean Elizabeth Ward, the quotation states that Xin Xhui ‘probably’ died from a heart attack and no pathological evidence is provided to support this statement. Furthermore, the Hunan Provincial Museum in China stated that on January 16th, 1972, archaeologists only began excavating the tomb of Lady Dai, whereas this source states that she was unearthed in 1971. However, the source is useful to a large extent in providing information in regards to how Lady Dai died, though other sources need to be checked for further details. Social Status Death Source 4: Book Quotation Death
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