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Revolution in Eastern Europe
Transcript of Revolution in Eastern Europe
Soviet Union set up communist governments for Eastern European nations.
One party rule
Five year economic plan:
Industry and Military Spending > Consumer goods and housing
Trade with Soviet Union and Eastern European countries
Eastern Europeans began to demand greater freedoms
Communism --> Capitalism
Ethnic & Religious tensions, which flared into civil wars
Chechens vs. Russian Government
1990's: as the Soviet union was falling apart, Chechen Separatists fought for independence
The Russian Government was afraid that a successful Chechen rebellion would lead more ethnic groups to demand their own republics.
Over 100,000 died in guerrilla warfare
Russian army regained control of the region
*Mountainous Southern Russian Province*
90% Albanian, 10% Serbian
1989: Serbian leader, Slobdan Milosevic lead a campaign to oppress Muslim Kosovars, forcing many to flee the country.
The ethnic cleansing continued until NATO stepped in, forcing Serbia to withdraw its forces in Kosovo.
*Serbian Ruled Province*
Brutal war raged after breaking away from Yugoslavia: Serbians vs. Croats & Muslims
Serbs pushed Ethnic Cleansing: expelling other ethnic groups from a territory; killing thousands of Bosnian Muslims
1995: NATO sent in air strikes to stop the fighting
Dayton Accords: treaty for peace between Bosnia, Croatia, and Serbia
Leader: Marshal Josip Tito
Under Tito, Yugoslavia stayed away from Soviet authority, by refusing to join the Warsaw pact.
When he died, Yugoslavia was without a leader.
Civil wars based on ethnic and religious tensions broke out
New Leader: Slobodan Milošević
Bosnia, Slovenia, Croatia, and Macedonia broke away from Yugoslavia
This defeat weakened communist, Milošević's power
2000: with only Montenegro and Serbia left of Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milošević was overthrown
Name "Yugoslavia" was dropped
Montenegro and Serbia agreed to:
Common Defense Policy
The Same Foreign Policy
Eastern European Nations New Government
Problems from Demanding Democracy: