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Transcript of Sino-Indian Relations
Chua Zhi Ming
Gay Wei En Colin
Zhang Jiyi Sino-Indian War 20/10/1962-21/11/1962 Causes Current Relations Second BRIC summit held in Brasilia (04/2010)
Countries involved: Brazil, Russia, India, China
Note: Only economic relations, no politics involved Timeline 06 May 1959:
Mao published "The Revolution in Tibet and Nehru's Philosophy" Late August 1959:
Military conflict occured at the long-disputed Sino-Indian border 08 September 1959:
Zhou Enlai replied Nehru's letter stating that the Sino-Indian boundary had never been delimited, further arguing that the land between the McMahon Line and the foothils had been Chinese Dalai Lama: Video Early 20th Century:
The Johnson Line and the McMahon Line were set up by the British between China, India and other countries in between. The Lines were later adopted as the official borders of India. 1954:
Indian maps showed that their territory included Kashmir and the Aksai Chin Plateau and the NEFA 1960:
Zhou Enlai persuaded India to drop claims of the Aksai Chin Plateau while China will withdraw their claims over NEFA.India refused because they felt that China didn't have claim over both territories. Beginning of 1961:
General B.M.Kaul appointed by Nehru as army Chief of General Staff, but he refused to increase military fundings and prepare for a possible war. 1961:
The Forward Policy - India pushed their borders further north of their current border, discovering that the highest ridges of the Himalayas lay further north, in compliance with the McMahon Line. This resulted in numerous skirmishes between China and India, deteriorating their relationship. 11 September 1962:
Indian forward troops were given the order to open fire on any Chinese who entered the borders as defined by the Indian government 1. Ideological Differences 2. Geography July 6 2006:
China and India reopened Nathula, closed during the Sino-Indian War, symbolising improving relations between CHina and India. Thank you!
Any Questions? 3. National Pride 4. National Interests Sino-Indian Relations Ancient Relations Prior to the 1950s, China and India had little political contact. Silk Road Buddhism and Literature The Silk Road started about 3,000 years ago, serving as an economic connection between the great civilisations, including China and India It served as one of the few connections between China and India, in this case it enabled trade between the two countries, connecting the two countries' economies. Serving as the cultural contact between India and China, Buddhism spread from India to China in the 1st Century. In addition, both Indian and Chinese literature included references to each other. Connections became more frequent as monks traversed between the two countries because of the cultural linkage. One example is the famous novel Journey to the West, as inspired by the recount of one monk's travels to India. December 1988 - present:
When Rajiv Gandhi, 6th Prime Minister of India, visited China in December 1988, talks for a peaceful resolution to their border disputes began. This eventually led to the defining of the borders and what belongs to who, withdrawal of troops and thus improved relations between the two countries. Bibliography Sino-Indian Relations. (n.d.). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved February 7, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-Indian_relations
Sino-Indian War. (n.d.). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved February 7, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-Indian_War
Arunachal Pradesh. (n.d.). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved February 7, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arunachal_Pradesh
14th Dalai Lama. (n.d.). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved February 7, 2011 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/14th_Dalai_Lama
Easen, N., Aksai Chin: China's disputed slice of Kashmir. May 24, 2002. CNN.com. Retrieved February 8, 2011, from http://edition.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/asiapcf/east/05/24/aksai.chin/
India-China Border Dispute. (n.d.). Global Security.org. Retrieved February 8, 2011, from http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/india-china_conflicts.htm
Kawaguchi, Y., Arunachal Pradesh Territorial Dispute Between India and China. November, 2005. Retrieved February 8, 2011 from http://www1.american.edu/ted/ice/india-china.htm See it at www.youtube.com/watch?v=rxh6EwglNKg