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Curriculum History Times

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Taja Welch

on 12 April 2014

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Transcript of Curriculum History Times

Franklin Bobbitt
The Committee of Ten changes the face of curriculum history forever-The Times
During the 1920's there was much optimism and growth which was quickly overshadowed by the Depression.
Saturday, March 8, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
History Brief......
Today's Headlines
Academic Scientism......What's That?
What's Trending?
Major Publications Hot off The Presses
Progressive Functionalism Takes the world By Storm
John Dewey
The scientific period matriculated as a result of colleges trying to shape the basic educational curriculum.

The academic period was the result of educational theorists who wanted to use their scientific knowledge to make decisions about he mission of student curriculum.
Two of the Exemplary Leaders of the Period were
Francis W. Parker
G. Stanley Hall.
The Scientific Perspective influences thinkers in three ways......

1. Provided intellectual support for a rational and meliorist world view.

2. Science provided a content focus for the curriclum

3. Science proved as a means for improving schools
The Committee of Ten:
A committee appointed by the NEA in order to make more uniformity within the curriculum.

The committee was given the charge of making recommendations for high school curriculum and instruction.
The Committee of Fifteen:
This committee was charged with making recommendations for elementary curriculum and instruction.
Academic Scientisim(1890-1916)
Progressive Functionalism (1917-1940)
Developmental Conformism (1941-1956)
Scholarly Structuralism (1957-1967)
Romantic Radicalism (1968-1974)
Privatistic Conservatism (1975-1989)
Theological Constructionism (1990-1999)
Modern Conservatism (2000-Present)

Progressive Functionalism has its roots in Darwinian theory.

Functionalism is based on Darwin's theory of evolution and is based loosely on the idea of individual differences which had a profound effect on education.

Primarily interested in the mental abilities of adapting to environment.
A pioneer in his own right Franklin Bobbitt believed that "the curriculum should be whatever was needed in order to process the raw material (the child) into the finished product (the model adult)." -(Glatthorn, 2012, p. 43)
Dewey believed that desirable learning experiences must be:

Democratic and humane.

Growth enhancing

Arouse curiosity and strengthen initiative.

Enable the individual to create meaning.
Predominant Trends of Academic Scientism
When Darwin and Dewey Collide.....
History of the Times
Curriculum History Times Free Press
Major Periods in Curriculum History

Tweet This: Temper Of The Times

Exemplary Leaders in Curriculum History

What's Trending: Predominant Trends of Each Period
Temper of The Times.....
Post Civil War growth of indiustry and the development of urban areas influence curriculum.

Popular Journalism and machines such as the linotype machine in 1890 cause the price of newspapers to drop.

New immigrants waves were coming into the area at rapid rates.
In The Headlines: Developmental Conformism
Developmental conformism (1941-1956)
This period is seen as a period of transition for the nation which is involved in both the Cold war as well as racial unrest.
Conformity in Education is a Goal......
Among the goals of the Conformist movement was the goal of ensuring that education was uniform across the board.

One important responsibility of the schools was to ensure that children and youth conform to the existing societal norms.

Schools were encouraged to develop "core curricula" in hopes of minimizing subject-matter distractions and integrate learning around major themes and issues.

Among the news makers during the conformist period was
Hollis Caswell
. Caswell was one of the first to understand the importance of staff development.
News makers
Scholarly Structuralism In The News (1957-1967)
One of the most interesting times in curriculum history, Scholarly Structuralism was a time when the factors which produced turbulence in previous periods were intensified.
Sputnik Makes Educational History
Men of their Time: Exemplary Leaders of Scholarly Structuralism
Jerome Bruner:
Believed in the idea that school curricula must be primarily concerned with effecting and facilitating the transfer of learning.

oseph Schwab:
Was concerned with the structure of the disciplines. Was a large propnent of "permissive electicism"
News Brief: Romantic Radicalism Leads to Educational Experimentation
An attempt to develop child centered schools and programs was launched and swept the nation, and there was an emergence of less traditional schools.
The Open Classroom
Carl Rogers is a Rogerian counselor known for identifying with his clients by entering into their world through the adoption their frame of reference in an empathetic manner without advising them.
Innovator Carl Rogers Changes the Face of Education
Privatistic Conservatism Moves Curriculum Into the Future
This period was focused on a return to traditional values, and a conservative view of both society and it's schools.

The Function of the school was to transmit culture and to prepare students for their roles in a technological society.
News Brief: Bloom and Goodlad Contribute to Curriculum History
Both pioneers in educational curriculum Bloom and Goodlad contributed to the foundations of curriculum in vastly different ways.
was seen as curriculum leader with a clear vision of what schools could become, and contributed tested ideas for helping them to achieve their goals.

is most famous for his development of what is known today as Bloom's Taxonomy.
Technological Constructionism and Modern Conservatism (1990-2000)
Curriculum has come Full Circle

During these time periods curriculum evolved and several changes took place. Constructionism brought with it the emergence of Charter Schools and the Standards Based Movement, and Modern Conservatism was known for major legislation such as No Child Left Behind
Curriculum History Evolving Daily and so Should We
In conclusion curriculum history is about more than legislation, standards, pacing guides, and evaluation. Curriculum is about the students that we teach on a daily basis and meeting the needs of the larger community.....It's about this......

Glatthorn, A. A., Bsochee, F., Whitehead, B. M., & Boschee, B. F. (2012).
Curriculum Leadership Strategies for Development and Implementation
(Third ed., pp. 37-79). N.p.: Sage Publications.

Muhammad, S. (2009, January). Theory of Functionalism in Education Psychology . In Education Awareness and Research . Retrieved February 26, 2014, from http://research-education-edu.blogspot.com/2009/01/theory-of-functionalism-in-education
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